One's destination is never a place, but a new way of seeing things.
— Henry Miller, 1891 - 1980




Shortly after achieving independence from Britain in the early 1960s, Tanganyika and Zanzibar merged to form the nation of Tanzania in 1964. One-party rule came to an end in 1995 with the first democratic elections held in the country since the 1970s. Zanzibar's semi-autonomous status and popular opposition have led to two contentious elections since 1995, which the ruling party won despite international observers' claims of voting irregularities.


Tanzania is the largest country in East Africa, bordered by Kenya and Uganda to the north; Rwanda, Burundi, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west, and Zambia, Malawi, and Mozambique to the south.

Read more about Tanzania in our Tanzania travel guide »

Featured journals from



by Djastinas

Work n travel zanzibar

Jan 2014  »  Tanzania

Featured hotels in


TanzaniaParadise City Hotel 

Azikiwe Rd,Benjamin Mkapa Pension Tower
Dar Es Salaam 06090

Location. Located in central Dar es Salaam, Paradise City Hotel is near the airport and close to Dar es Salaam International Conference Centre, Askari Monument, and Azania Front Lutheran Church. Nearby points of interest also include Atiman House and St Joseph's Cathedral. Hotel Features. Dining options at Paradise City Hotel include 2 restaurants. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. This 4.5 star property has a business center and offers audiovisual… more »

TanzaniaMivumo River Lodge 

Selous Game Reserve, Stiegler's Gorge
Selous Game Reserve

Price (US$): $1060 - $1061 / night

Check rates »

Location. Located in Selous Game Reserve, Mivumo River Lodge is a beachfront luxury lodge on a river. Property Features. Mivumo River Lodge's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. The lodge serves a complimentary hot and cold buffet breakfast. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool and a spa tub. The property's full service health spa has body treatments, massage/treatment rooms, and facials. Complimentary wireless Internet access is… more »


Serengeti National Park
P.O. Box 14321
Serengeti 4000

Price (US$): $1290 - $2220 / night

Check rates »

The Four Seasons Tanzania offers views Serengeti, perfectly blending luxury with the natural environment. Get close up views of the wildlife of the Serengeti from the private infinity edge pool that overlooks an active watering hole. more »

TanzaniaMatemwe Lodge 

Matemwe Village PO BOX 1111

Price (US$): $508 - $509 / night

Check rates »

Location. Matemwe Lodge is located on the beach in Matemwe's East Coast Zanzibar neighborhood and attractions in the region include Mapenzi Beach, Kendwa Beach, and Nungwi Beach. Regional points of interest also include Mnarani Natural Aquarium and Kiwengwa Beach. Hotel Features. Matemwe Lodge features a poolside bar and a bar/lounge. Guests can enjoy a complimentary evening social on select days. Complimentary wireless and wired high speed Internet access is available in public areas. For a… more »

TanzaniaSea Cliff Hotel 

Toure Drive, Msasani Peninsula
Dar Es Salaam 3030

Price (US$): $313 - $757 / night

Check rates »

Location. Sea Cliff Hotel is located on the beach in Dar es Salaam's Msasani Peninsula neighborhood, close to The Slipway, Nyumba ya Sanaa, and Little Theatre. Other points of interest are Makumbusho Village and Mwenge Carvers Market. Hotel Features. Dining options at Sea Cliff Hotel include 2 restaurants. 2 bars/lounges are open for drinks. The hotel serves a complimentary breakfast in the café. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool and a fitness facility. Spa amenities include… more »

Browse more hotels in Tanzania »


Full name
United Republic of Tanzania
Dar es Salaam

Eastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean, between Kenya and Mozambique

Geographic coordinates

6 00 S, 35 00 E

Area comparative

slightly larger than twice the size of California

Border countries

Burundi 451 km, Democratic Republic of the Congo 459 km, Kenya 769 km, Malawi 475 km, Mozambique 756 km, Rwanda 217 km, Uganda 396 km, Zambia 338 km


1,424 km


varies from tropical along coast to temperate in highlands


plains along coast; central plateau; highlands in north, south

Lowest point

Indian Ocean 0 m

Highest point

Kilimanjaro 5,895 m

Natural resources

hydropower, tin, phosphates, iron ore, coal, diamonds, gemstones, gold, natural gas, nickel



Ethnic groups

mainland - African 99% (of which 95% are Bantu consisting of more than 130 tribes), other 1% (consisting of Asian, European, and Arab); Zanzibar - Arab, African, mixed Arab and African


mainland - Christian 30%, Muslim 35%, indigenous beliefs 35%; Zanzibar - more than 99% Muslim


Kiswahili or Swahili (official), Kiunguja (name for Swahili in Zanzibar), English (official, primary language of commerce, administration, and higher education), Arabic (widely spoken in Zanzibar), many local languages

Government type



26 April 1964; Tanganyika became independent 9 December 1961 (from UK-administered UN trusteeship); Zanzibar became independent 19 December 1963 (from UK); Tanganyika united with Zanzibar 26 April 1964 to form the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar; renamed United Republic of Tanzania 29 October 1964

National holiday

Union Day (Tanganyika and Zanzibar), 26 April (1964)

Chief of state

President Jakaya KIKWETE (since 21 December 2005); Vice President Dr. Ali Mohammed SHEIN (since 5 July 2001); note - the president is both chief of state and head of government

Head of government

President Jakaya KIKWETE (since 21 December 2005); Vice President Dr. Ali Mohammed SHEIN (since 5 July 2001)

Internet country code


Internet users

678,000 (2009)


124 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Dar es Salaam, Zanzibar

Other countries in the region