Our deeds still travel with us from afar, and what we have been makes us what we are.
— George Eliot, 1819 - 1880
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Tajikistan

Background

Tajikistan

The Tajik people came under Russian rule in the 1860s and 1870s, but Russia's hold on Central Asia weakened following the Revolution of 1917. Bolshevik control of the area was fiercely contested and not fully reestablished until 1925. Much of present-day Sughd province was transferred from the Uzbek SSR to the newly formed Tajik SSR in 1929. Ethnic Uzbeks form a substantial minority in Sughd province. Tajikistan became independent in 1991 following the breakup of the Soviet Union, and experienced a civil war between regional factions from 1992-97. There have been no major security incidents in recent years, although the country remains the poorest in the former Soviet sphere. Attention by the international community since the beginning of the NATO intervention in Afghanistan has brought increased economic development and security assistance, which could create jobs and strengthen stability in the long term. Tajikistan is in the early stages of seeking World Trade Organization membership and has joined NATO's Partnership for Peace.

About

Tajikistan, , is a landlocked country in Central Asia that borders Afghanistan to the south, China to the east, Kyrgyzstan to the north, and Uzbekistan to the west and northwest. The ancient Silk Road passed through it. The nation is unique in that the majority culture is non-Turkic, unlike its neighbors to the north and west and east. Tajikistan is the poorest country out of the former soviet states, the poorest country in Central Asia and one of the world's poorest, largely owing to a devastating civil war that broke out shortly after independence in 1991.

Read more about Tajikistan in our Tajikistan travel guide »

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Featured hotels in

Tajikistan

TajikistanDUSHANBE SERENA HOTEL 

14 Rudaki Avenue
Dushanbe 734013
Tajikistan

Price (US$): $255 - $360 / night

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Located on the Rudaki Avenue a central location on the main boulevard through the city the Dushanbe Serena Hotel sets a benchmark in the hospitality sector of Tajikistan for a deluxe five star boutique Hotel in the capital city. The spectacular facade and interiors with Tajik motives are one of its kind being a composition of Tajik artistic and building traditions presented in a contemporary manner. Spread upon 1.2 hectares of land the Dushanbe Serena Hotel is located in the heart of the… more »

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Tajikistan

Full name
Republic of Tajikistan
Capital
Dushanbe
Location

Central Asia, west of China

Geographic coordinates

39 00 N, 71 00 E

Area comparative

slightly smaller than Wisconsin

Border countries

Afghanistan 1,206 km, China 414 km, Kyrgyzstan 870 km, Uzbekistan 1,161 km

Coastline

0 km (landlocked)

Climate

midlatitude continental, hot summers, mild winters; semiarid to polar in Pamir Mountains

Terrain

Pamir and Alay Mountains dominate landscape; western Fergana Valley in north, Kofarnihon and Vakhsh Valleys in southwest

Lowest point

Syr Darya (Sirdaryo) 300 m

Highest point

Qullai Ismoili Somoni (Pik Imeni Ismail Samani) 7,495 m

Natural resources

hydropower, some petroleum, uranium, mercury, brown coal, lead, zinc, antimony, tungsten, silver, gold

Population

7,487,489 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

Tajik 79.9%, Uzbek 15.3%, Russian 1.1%, Kyrgyz 1.1%, other 2.6% (2000 census)

Religions

Sunni Muslim 85%, Shia Muslim 5%, other 10% (2003 est.)

Languages

Tajik (official), Russian widely used in government and business

Government type

republic

Independence

9 September 1991 (from the Soviet Union)

National holiday

Independence Day (or National Day), 9 September (1991)

Chief of state

President Emomali RAHMON (since 6 November 1994; head of state and Supreme Assembly chairman since 19 November 1992)

Head of government

Prime Minister Oqil OQILOV (since 20 January 1999)

Internet country code

.tj

Internet users

700,000 (2009)

Airports

26 (2010)

Other countries in the region