There are no foreign lands. It is the traveler only who is foreign.
— Robert Louis Stevenson, 1850 - 1894
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Thailand

Background

Thailand

A unified Thai kingdom was established in the mid-14th century. Known as Siam until 1939, Thailand is the only Southeast Asian country never to have been taken over by a European power. A bloodless revolution in 1932 led to a constitutional monarchy. In alliance with Japan during World War II, Thailand became a US treaty ally following the conflict. A military coup in September 2006 ousted then Prime Minister THAKSIN Chinnawat. The interim government held elections in December 2007 that saw the former pro-THAKSIN People's Power Party (PPP) emerge at the head of a coalition government. The anti-THAKSIN People's Alliance for Democracy (PAD) in May 2008 began street demonstrations against the new government, eventually occupying the prime minister's office in August and Bangkok's two international airports in November. The PAD ended their protests in early December 2008 following a court ruling that dissolved the ruling PPP and two other coalition parties for election violations. The Democrat Party then formed a new coalition government and ABHISIT Wetchachiwa became prime minister. In October 2008 THAKSIN went into voluntary exile to avoid imprisonment for a corruption conviction, and has since agitated his followers from abroad. THAKSIN supporters re-organized into the United Front for Democracy Against Dictatorship (UDD) and rioted in April 2009, shutting down an ASEAN meeting in Phuket, and in early 2010 protested a court verdict confiscating most of THAKSIN's wealth. Between March and May 2010, the UDD staged large protests and occupied several blocks of downtown Bangkok. A government operation to disperse the protesters after nine weeks led to clashes that resulted in 89 deaths and an estimated $1.5 billion in arson-related property losses. These protests exposed major cleavages in the Thai body politic which continue to hamper the current government. Since January 2004, thousands have been killed as separatists in Thailand's southern ethnic Malay-Muslim provinces increased the violence associated with their cause.

About

Thailand (ประเทศไทย), officially the Kingdom of Thailand (ราชอาณาจักรไทย) is a country in Southeast Asia with coasts on the Andaman Sea and the Gulf of Thailand. It borders Myanmar (Burma) to the north-west, Laos to the north-east, Cambodia to the south-east and Malaysia to the south.

With great food, a tropical climate, fascinating culture and great beaches, Thailand is a magnet for travellers the world over.

Read more about Thailand in our Thailand travel guide »

Featured journals from

Thailand

Roaming Without a Home

by hobovoodoo

My Life on My Back, The World at My Feet...

Jan 2014 - Aug 2014  »  China (People's Republic) | Nepal | India | Thailand

Southeast Asia winter 2011

by psmadsen

Brief photo updates from my winter 2011 journey in Australia and Southeast Asia.

Sep 2011 - Dec 2011  »  Australia | Vietnam | Cambodia | Thailand

Cambodia and Thailand Oct-Nov 2015

by RADAR

Phnom Penh, Kap, Koh Rong,

Oct 2015  »  Cambodia | Thailand |

Jamie & Karens Great Adventure

by ladykb

Living the Dream

Feb 2014  »  Thailand

Featured hotels in

Thailand

ThailandAndara Resort Villas 

15 Moo 6, Layi Naka Road
Kathu 83150
Thailand

Price (US$): $911 - $4213 / night

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Location. Andara Resort Villas is located near the beach in Kathu's Kamala neighborhood and close to Kamala Beach, Laem Singh Beach, and Surin Beach. Nearby points of interest also include Phuket Fantasea Cultural Theme Park and Kalim Beach. Hotel Features. Andara Resort Villas's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A poolside bar is open for drinks. Room service is available during limited hours. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, an outdoor tennis court, a health… more »

ThailandMandarin Oriental, Bangkok 

48 Oriental Avenue
Bangkok 10500
Thailand

Price (US$): $439 - $577 / night

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Location. Mandarin Oriental, Bangkok is a business friendly hotel located in Bangkok's Bang Rak neighborhood, close to River City Shopping Complex, Grand Palace, and Temple of the Emerald Buddha. Additional points of interest include Patpong Night Market and Lumphini Park. Hotel Features. Dining options at Mandarin Oriental, Bangkok include a restaurant and a coffee shop/cafĂ©. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves a complimentary hot and… more »

ThailandAnantara Lawana Resort And Spa 

92/1 Moo 2
North Chaweng Beach
Koh Samui 84320
Thailand

Price (US$): $460 - $1416 / night

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Location. Anantara Lawana Resort And Spa is located on the beach in Koh Samui, close to Samui Crocodile Farm, Bangrak Beach, and Choeng Mun Beach. Other points of interest near this luxury resort include Chaweng Noi Beach and Big Buddha Statue. Resort Features. Dining options at Anantara Lawana Resort And Spa include 3 restaurants. A poolside bar and a bar/lounge are open for drinks. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, a health club, and a steam room. The property's full service… more »

ThailandThe Westin Grande Sukhumvit, Bangkok 

259 Sukhumvit 19, Sukhumvit Road
Bangkok 10110
Thailand

Price (US$): $140 - $303 / night

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Location. The Westin Grande Sukhumvit, Bangkok is a business friendly hotel located in Bangkok's Wattana neighborhood, close to Terminal 21 Shopping Mall, Embassy of India, and Embassy of Argentina. Additional points of interest include Pratunam Market and Lumphini Park. Hotel Features. Dining options at The Westin Grande Sukhumvit, Bangkok include 2 restaurants. A poolside bar and a bar/lounge are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include an… more »

ThailandPimalai Resort And Spa 

99 Moo 5 Ba Kan Tiang Beach
Ko Lanta 81150
Thailand

Price (US$): $306 - $1224 / night

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Location. Pimalai Resort And Spa is located on the beach in Ko Lanta, close to Ba Kan Tiang Beach and Mu Ko Lanta National Park. Another point of interest is Klong Nin Beach. Resort Features. Pimalai Resort And Spa features a beach bar, a poolside bar, and a bar/lounge. Room service is available during limited hours. The resort serves buffet breakfasts each morning in the restaurant (surcharges apply). Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, a children's pool, a health club, a spa… more »

Browse more hotels in Thailand »

Thailand

Full name
Kingdom of Thailand
Capital
Bangkok
Location

Southeastern Asia, bordering the Andaman Sea and the Gulf of Thailand, southeast of Burma

Geographic coordinates

15 00 N, 100 00 E

Area comparative

slightly more than twice the size of Wyoming

Border countries

Burma 1,800 km, Cambodia 803 km, Laos 1,754 km, Malaysia 506 km

Coastline

3,219 km

Climate

tropical; rainy, warm, cloudy southwest monsoon (mid-May to September); dry, cool northeast monsoon (November to mid-March); southern isthmus always hot and humid

Terrain

central plain; Khorat Plateau in the east; mountains elsewhere

Lowest point

Gulf of Thailand 0 m

Highest point

Doi Inthanon 2,576 m

Natural resources

tin, rubber, natural gas, tungsten, tantalum, timber, lead, fish, gypsum, lignite, fluorite, arable land

Population

67,089,500

Ethnic groups

Thai 75%, Chinese 14%, other 11%

Religions

Buddhist 94.6%, Muslim 4.6%, Christian 0.7%, other 0.1% (2000 census)

Languages

Thai, English (secondary language of the elite), ethnic and regional dialects

Government type

constitutional monarchy

Independence

1238 (traditional founding date; never colonized)

National holiday

Birthday of King PHUMIPHON (BHUMIBOL), 5 December (1927)

Chief of state

King PHUMIPHON Adunyadet, also spelled BHUMIBOL Adulyadej (since 9 June 1946)

Head of government

Prime Minister ABHISIT Wetchachiwa, also spelled ABHISIT Vejjajiva (since 17 December 2008); Deputy Prime Minister SANAN Kachornprasat, also spelled SANAN Kachornparsart (since 7 February 2008); Deputy Prime Minister SUTHEP Thueaksuban, also spelled SUTHEP Thaugsuban (since 22 December 2008); Deputy Prime Minister TRAIRONG Suwannakhiri (since 18 January 2010)

Internet country code

.th

Internet users

17.483 million (2009)

Airports

105 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Bangkok, Laem Chabang, Map Ta Phut, Prachuap Port, Si Racha

Other countries in the region