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Thailand

Background

Thailand

A unified Thai kingdom was established in the mid-14th century. Known as Siam until 1939, Thailand is the only Southeast Asian country never to have been taken over by a European power. A bloodless revolution in 1932 led to a constitutional monarchy. In alliance with Japan during World War II, Thailand became a US treaty ally following the conflict. A military coup in September 2006 ousted then Prime Minister THAKSIN Chinnawat. The interim government held elections in December 2007 that saw the former pro-THAKSIN People's Power Party (PPP) emerge at the head of a coalition government. The anti-THAKSIN People's Alliance for Democracy (PAD) in May 2008 began street demonstrations against the new government, eventually occupying the prime minister's office in August and Bangkok's two international airports in November. The PAD ended their protests in early December 2008 following a court ruling that dissolved the ruling PPP and two other coalition parties for election violations. The Democrat Party then formed a new coalition government and ABHISIT Wetchachiwa became prime minister. In October 2008 THAKSIN went into voluntary exile to avoid imprisonment for a corruption conviction, and has since agitated his followers from abroad. THAKSIN supporters re-organized into the United Front for Democracy Against Dictatorship (UDD) and rioted in April 2009, shutting down an ASEAN meeting in Phuket, and in early 2010 protested a court verdict confiscating most of THAKSIN's wealth. Between March and May 2010, the UDD staged large protests and occupied several blocks of downtown Bangkok. A government operation to disperse the protesters after nine weeks led to clashes that resulted in 89 deaths and an estimated $1.5 billion in arson-related property losses. These protests exposed major cleavages in the Thai body politic which continue to hamper the current government. Since January 2004, thousands have been killed as separatists in Thailand's southern ethnic Malay-Muslim provinces increased the violence associated with their cause.

About

Thailand (ประเทศไทย), officially the Kingdom of Thailand (ราชอาณาจักรไทย) is a country in Southeast Asia with coasts on the Andaman Sea and the Gulf of Thailand. It borders Myanmar (Burma) to the north-west, Laos to the north-east, Cambodia to the south-east and Malaysia to the south.

With great food, a tropical climate, fascinating culture and great beaches, Thailand is a magnet for travellers the world over.

Read more about Thailand in our Thailand travel guide »

Featured journals from

Thailand

Roaming Without a Home

by hobovoodoo

My Life on My Back, The World at My Feet...

Jan 2014 - Aug 2014  »  China (People's Republic) | Nepal | India | Thailand

Southeast Asia winter 2011

by psmadsen

Brief photo updates from my winter 2011 journey in Australia and Southeast Asia.

Sep 2011 - Dec 2011  »  Australia | Vietnam | Cambodia | Thailand

Cambodia and Thailand Oct-Nov 2015

by RADAR

Phnom Penh, Kap, Koh Rong,

Oct 2015  »  Cambodia | Thailand |

Jamie & Karens Great Adventure

by ladykb

Living the Dream

Feb 2014  »  Thailand

Featured hotels in

Thailand

ThailandVilla Zolitude Resort & Spa 

53/25 Moo5 Soi Bann Nai Trok
Chaofa Nok Rd
Phuket 83130
Thailand

Price (US$): $748 - $3376 / night

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Location. Villa Zolitude Resort & Spa is located in Phuket's Chalong, Phuket, Thailand neighborhood, close to Chalong Temple, Big Buddha, and Bangla Night Street. Nearby points of interest also include Bazaan Fresh Market and Bangla Boxing Stadium. Hotel Features. Villa Zolitude Resort & Spa's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. Room service is available during limited hours. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool. The property's full service health spa has body… more »

ThailandSALA Phuket Resort & Spa 

333 Moo 3 Mai Khao Beach
Thalang 83110
Thailand

Price (US$): $283 - $611 / night

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Location. SALA Phuket Resort & Spa is located on the beach in Thalang, close to Mai Khao Beach and Splash Jungle Water Park. Another point of interest is Blue Canyon Country Club. Resort Features. SALA Phuket Resort & Spa features a restaurant, a poolside bar, a bar/lounge, and a swim up bar. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The resort serves a complimentary buffet breakfast each morning in the restaurant. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, a children's pool, a spa tub,… more »

ThailandAnantara Bangkok Riverside Resort And Spa 

257/1-3 Charoennakorn Road
Bangkok 10600
Thailand

Price (US$): $133 - $240 / night

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Location. Anantara Bangkok Riverside Resort And Spa is a family friendly resort located in Bangkok's Thon Buri neighborhood, close to The Mall Tha Phra, River City Shopping Complex, and Pak Khlong Talat. Additional points of interest include Wat Arun and Wat Pho. Resort Features. Dining options at Anantara Bangkok Riverside Resort And Spa include a coffee shop/café and a snack bar/deli. 3 bars/lounges, a swim up bar, and a poolside bar are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours… more »

ThailandAngsana Laguna Phuket 

10 Moo 4 Srisoonthorn Road
Cherng Talay, Bang Tao
Thalang 83110
Thailand

Price (US$): $233 - $2003 / night

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Location. Angsana Laguna Phuket is located on the beach in Thalang, close to Laguna Phuket Golf Club, Bang Tao Beach, and Surin Beach. Other points of interest near this luxury resort include Laem Singh Beach and Layan Beach. Resort Features. Dining options at Angsana Laguna Phuket include a coffee shop/café and a snack bar/deli. A beach bar, a swim up bar, and a poolside bar are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The resort serves buffet breakfasts each morning in… more »

ThailandAnantara Lawana Resort And Spa 

92/1 Moo 2
North Chaweng Beach
Koh Samui 84320
Thailand

Price (US$): $460 - $1416 / night

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Location. Anantara Lawana Resort And Spa is located on the beach in Koh Samui, close to Samui Crocodile Farm, Bangrak Beach, and Choeng Mun Beach. Other points of interest near this luxury resort include Chaweng Noi Beach and Big Buddha Statue. Resort Features. Dining options at Anantara Lawana Resort And Spa include 3 restaurants. A poolside bar and a bar/lounge are open for drinks. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, a health club, and a steam room. The property's full service… more »

Browse more hotels in Thailand »

Thailand

Full name
Kingdom of Thailand
Capital
Bangkok
Location

Southeastern Asia, bordering the Andaman Sea and the Gulf of Thailand, southeast of Burma

Geographic coordinates

15 00 N, 100 00 E

Area comparative

slightly more than twice the size of Wyoming

Border countries

Burma 1,800 km, Cambodia 803 km, Laos 1,754 km, Malaysia 506 km

Coastline

3,219 km

Climate

tropical; rainy, warm, cloudy southwest monsoon (mid-May to September); dry, cool northeast monsoon (November to mid-March); southern isthmus always hot and humid

Terrain

central plain; Khorat Plateau in the east; mountains elsewhere

Lowest point

Gulf of Thailand 0 m

Highest point

Doi Inthanon 2,576 m

Natural resources

tin, rubber, natural gas, tungsten, tantalum, timber, lead, fish, gypsum, lignite, fluorite, arable land

Population

67,089,500

Ethnic groups

Thai 75%, Chinese 14%, other 11%

Religions

Buddhist 94.6%, Muslim 4.6%, Christian 0.7%, other 0.1% (2000 census)

Languages

Thai, English (secondary language of the elite), ethnic and regional dialects

Government type

constitutional monarchy

Independence

1238 (traditional founding date; never colonized)

National holiday

Birthday of King PHUMIPHON (BHUMIBOL), 5 December (1927)

Chief of state

King PHUMIPHON Adunyadet, also spelled BHUMIBOL Adulyadej (since 9 June 1946)

Head of government

Prime Minister ABHISIT Wetchachiwa, also spelled ABHISIT Vejjajiva (since 17 December 2008); Deputy Prime Minister SANAN Kachornprasat, also spelled SANAN Kachornparsart (since 7 February 2008); Deputy Prime Minister SUTHEP Thueaksuban, also spelled SUTHEP Thaugsuban (since 22 December 2008); Deputy Prime Minister TRAIRONG Suwannakhiri (since 18 January 2010)

Internet country code

.th

Internet users

17.483 million (2009)

Airports

105 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Bangkok, Laem Chabang, Map Ta Phut, Prachuap Port, Si Racha

Other countries in the region