An English man does not travel to see English men.
— Laurence Sterne, 1713 - 1768
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Serbia

Background

Serbia

The Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes was formed in 1918; its name was changed to Yugoslavia in 1929. Various paramilitary bands resisted Nazi Germany's occupation and division of Yugoslavia from 1941 to 1945, but fought each other and ethnic opponents as much as the invaders. The military and political movement headed by Josip "TITO" Broz (Partisans) took full control of Yugoslavia when German and Croatian separatist forces were defeated in 1945. Although Communist, TITO's new government and his successors (he died in 1980) managed to steer their own path between the Warsaw Pact nations and the West for the next four and a half decades. In 1989, Slobodan MILOSEVIC became president of the Republic of Serbia and his ultranationalist calls for Serbian domination led to the violent breakup of Yugoslavia along ethnic lines. In 1991, Croatia, Slovenia, and Macedonia declared independence, followed by Bosnia in 1992. The remaining republics of Serbia and Montenegro declared a new Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY) in April 1992 and under MILOSEVIC's leadership, Serbia led various military campaigns to unite ethnic Serbs in neighboring republics into a "Greater Serbia." These actions led to Yugoslavia being ousted from the UN in 1992, but Serbia continued its - ultimately unsuccessful - campaign until signing the Dayton Peace Accords in 1995. MILOSEVIC kept tight control over Serbia and eventually became president of the FRY in 1997. In 1998, an ethnic Albanian insurgency in the formerly autonomous Serbian province of Kosovo provoked a Serbian counterinsurgency campaign that resulted in massacres and massive expulsions of ethnic Albanians living in Kosovo. The MILOSEVIC government's rejection of a proposed international settlement led to NATO's bombing of Serbia in the spring of 1999, to the withdrawal of Serbian military and police forces from Kosovo in June 1999, and to the stationing of a NATO-led force in Kosovo to provide a safe and secure environment for the region's ethnic communities. FRY elections in late 2000 led to the ouster of MILOSEVIC and the installation of democratic government. MILOSEVIC was arrested in 2001 and sent to be tried in The Hague for crimes against humanity; he died in March 2006 before the completion of his trial. In 2001, the country's suspension from the UN was lifted. In 2003, the FRY became Serbia and Montenegro, a loose federation of the two republics with a federal level parliament. Widespread violence predominantly targeting ethnic Serbs in Kosovo in March 2004 caused the international community to open negotiations on the future status of Kosovo in January 2006. In May 2006, Montenegro invoked its right to secede from the federation and - following a successful referendum - it declared itself an independent nation on 3 June 2006. Two days later, Serbia declared that it was the successor state to the union of Serbia and Montenegro. A new Serbian constitution was approved in October 2006 and adopted the following month. In February 2008, after nearly two years of inconclusive negotiations, the UN-administered province of Kosovo declared itself independent of Serbia - an action Serbia refuses to recognize. At Serbia's request, the UN General Assembly (UNGA) in October 2008 sought an advisory opinion from the International Court of Justice (ICJ) on whether Kosovo's unilateral declaration of independence was in accordance with international law. In a ruling considered unfavorable to Serbia, the ICJ issued an advisory opinion in July 2010 stating that international law did not prohibit declarations of independence. In late 2010, Serbia agreed to an EU-drafted UNGA Resolution acknowledging the ICJ's decision and calling for a new round of talks between Serbia and Kosovo.

About

Serbia (Serbian: Srbija / Србија) is a friendly and changing country, located in the Balkans, in Southern Europe. It was a founder and one of six republics forming the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. It is surrounded by Montenegro to the south, Bosnia and Herzegovina to the west, Bulgaria to the southeast, Croatia to the northwest, Hungary to the north, Macedonia to the south, and Romania to the northeast. It is situated on one of the major land routes from Central Europe to Turkey and further on to the Near East.

Read more about Serbia in our Serbia travel guide »

Featured journals from

Serbia

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but you might be interested in journals from these countries:
Albania, Andorra, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Gibraltar, Greece, Italy, Kosovo, Macedonia, Malta, Montenegro, Portugal, San Marino, Slovenia, Spain, Vatican City

Featured hotels in

Serbia

SerbiaHyatt Regency Belgrade 

Milentija Popovica 5
Belgrade 11070
Serbia

Price (US$): $282 - $363 / night

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Location. Hyatt Regency Belgrade is a business friendly hotel located in central Belgrade, close to Belgrade Arena, Kalemegdan Citadel, and Republic Square. Additional points of interest include National Museum and Cathedral of Saint Sava. Hotel Features. Dining options at Hyatt Regency Belgrade include a restaurant and a coffee shop/café. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include an indoor pool, a health club, a spa tub, a… more »

SerbiaDOM HOTEL 

Kralja Milutina 54
Belgrade 11000
Serbia

Price (US$): $64 - $65 / night

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PROPERTY TYPEBED AND BREAKFAST HOTELYEAR BUILT 1997YEAR REMODELED 2004RATINGSSTARS 1 STARADDITIONAL HOTEL DESCRIPTIONDOM HOTEL IS CENTRALLY LOCATED IN BELGRADE.THE HOTEL OFFERS COMMODITY FOR TOURISTS SPORT TEAMSBUSINESSMEN AND PEOPLE WHO NEED ACCOMMODATION CLOSE TOCLINICAL CENTRE OF BELGRADE.KNEZ MIHAILOVA PEDESTRIAN ZONE WITH SHOPS AND NUMEROUS CAFESCAN BE REACHED WITHIN 1.5 KM.A DESK CLOSET AND BATHROOM WITH SHOWER ARE FEATURED IN EACHROOM. GUESTS CAN RELAX IN THE GARDEN WHERE OUTDOOR… more »

SerbiaBest Western Prezident Hotel 

Futoska 109
Novi Sad 21000
Serbia

Price (US$): $64 - $108 / night

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Location. Best Western Prezident Hotel is located in central Novi Sad, close to University of Novi Sad, Karadorde Stadium, and National Theatre of Serbia. Nearby points of interest also include Church of the Virgin Mary and Vojvodina Museum. Hotel Features. Best Western Prezident Hotel's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A poolside bar and a bar/lounge are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves a complimentary buffet breakfast. Recreational… more »

SerbiaMetropol Palace, A Luxury Collection Hotel 

Bulevar kralja Aleksandra 69
Belgrade 11000
Serbia

Price (US$): $172 - $351 / night

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Location. Metropol Palace, A Luxury Collection Hotel is a business friendly hotel located in central Belgrade, close to Nikola Tesla Museum, Parliament Building, and Slavija Square. Additional points of interest include Cathedral of Saint Sava and Republic Square. Hotel Features. Metropol Palace, A Luxury Collection Hotel features a coffee shop/café and a bar/lounge. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves buffet breakfasts each morning in the restaurant (surcharges… more »

SerbiaHoliday Inn Novi Sad 

3 Polgara Andrasa Street
Novi Sad 21000
Serbia

Price (US$): $182 - $209 / night

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Location. Holiday Inn Novi Sad is located in Novi Sad, close to University of Novi Sad, Karadorde Stadium, and National Theatre of Serbia. Nearby points of interest also include Church of the Virgin Mary and Vojvodina Museum. Hotel Features. Recreational amenities include an indoor pool, a spa tub, a sauna, and a fitness facility. This 4.5 star property has a business center and offers business services. Additional property amenities include ATM/banking services, a porter/bellhop, and… more »

Browse more hotels in Serbia »

Serbia

Capital
Belgrade
Location

Southeastern Europe, between Macedonia and Hungary

Geographic coordinates

44 00 N, 21 00 E

Area comparative

slightly smaller than South Carolina

Border countries

Bosnia and Herzegovina 302 km, Bulgaria 318 km, Croatia 241 km, Hungary 151 km, Kosovo 352 km, Macedonia 62 km, Montenegro 124 km, Romania 476 km

Coastline

0 km (landlocked)

Climate

in the north, continental climate (cold winters and hot, humid summers with well distributed rainfall); in other parts, continental and Mediterranean climate (relatively cold winters with heavy snowfall and hot, dry summers and autumns)

Terrain

extremely varied; to the north, rich fertile plains; to the east, limestone ranges and basins; to the southeast, ancient mountains and hills

Lowest point

Danube and Timok Rivers 35 m

Highest point

Midzor 2,169 m

Natural resources

oil, gas, coal, iron ore, copper, zinc, antimony, chromite, gold, silver, magnesium, pyrite, limestone, marble, salt, arable land

Population

7,344,847

Ethnic groups

Serb 82.9%, Hungarian 3.9%, Romany (Gypsy) 1.4%, Yugoslavs 1.1%, Bosniaks 1.8%, Montenegrin 0.9%, other 8% (2002 census)

Religions

Serbian Orthodox 85%, Catholic 5.5%, Protestant 1.1%, Muslim 3.2%, unspecified 2.6%, other, unknown, or atheist 2.6% (2002 census)

Languages

Serbian 88.3% (official), Hungarian 3.8%, Bosniak 1.8%, Romany (Gypsy) 1.1%, other 4.1%, unknown 0.9% (2002 census)

Government type

republic

Independence

5 June 2006 (from Serbia and Montenegro)

National holiday

National Day, 15 February

Chief of state

President Boris TADIC (since 11 July 2004)

Head of government

Prime Minister Mirko CVETKOVIC (since 7 July 2008)

Internet country code

.rs

Internet users

4.107 million (2009)

Airports

29 (2010)

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