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Saint Pierre and Miquelon

Background

Saint Pierre and Miquelon

First settled by the French in the early 17th century, the islands represent the sole remaining vestige of France's once vast North American possessions.

About

Saint-Pierre and Miquelon are a small group of islands in the North Atlantic Ocean, south of Newfoundland and Labrador. First settled by the French in the early 17th century, the islands represent the sole remaining vestige of France's once vast North American possessions.

Read more about Saint Pierre and Miquelon in our Saint Pierre and Miquelon travel guide »

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Saint Pierre and Miquelon

Full name
Saint-Pierre et Miquelon
Capital
Saint-Pierre
Location

Northern North America, islands in the North Atlantic Ocean, south of Newfoundland (Canada)

Geographic coordinates

46 50 N, 56 20 W

Area comparative

1.5 times the size of Washington, DC

Coastline

120 km

Climate

cold and wet, with considerable mist and fog; spring and autumn are often windy

Terrain

mostly barren rock

Lowest point

Atlantic Ocean 0 m

Highest point

Morne de la Grande Montagne 240 m

Natural resources

fish, deepwater ports

Population

5,943 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

Basques and Bretons (French fishermen)

Religions

Roman Catholic 99%, other 1%

Languages

French (official)

Government type

NA

Independence

none (territorial collectivity of France; has been under French control since 1763)

National holiday

Bastille Day, 14 July (1789)

Chief of state

President Nicolas SARKOZY (since 16 May 2007); represented by Prefect Jean-Regis BORIUS (since 29 October 2009)

Head of government

President of the Territorial Council Stephane ARTANO (since 21 February 2007)

Internet country code

.pm

Airports

2 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Saint-Pierre

Other countries in the region