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Poland

Background

Poland

Poland is an ancient nation that was conceived near the middle of the 10th century. Its golden age occurred in the 16th century. During the following century, the strengthening of the gentry and internal disorders weakened the nation. In a series of agreements between 1772 and 1795, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned Poland amongst themselves. Poland regained its independence in 1918 only to be overrun by Germany and the Soviet Union in World War II. It became a Soviet satellite state following the war, but its government was comparatively tolerant and progressive. Labor turmoil in 1980 led to the formation of the independent trade union "Solidarity" that over time became a political force and by 1990 had swept parliamentary elections and the presidency. A "shock therapy" program during the early 1990s enabled the country to transform its economy into one of the most robust in Central Europe, but Poland still faces the lingering challenges of high unemployment, underdeveloped and dilapidated infrastructure, and a poor rural underclass. Solidarity suffered a major defeat in the 2001 parliamentary elections when it failed to elect a single deputy to the lower house of Parliament, and the new leaders of the Solidarity Trade Union subsequently pledged to reduce the Trade Union's political role. Poland joined NATO in 1999 and the European Union in 2004. With its transformation to a democratic, market-oriented country largely completed, Poland is an increasingly active member of Euro-Atlantic organizations.

About

Poland (Polish: Polska), is a large country in Central Europe. It has a long Baltic Sea coastline and is bordered by Belarus, the Czech Republic, Germany, Lithuania, Russia (Kaliningrad Oblast), Slovakia, and Ukraine.

Read more about Poland in our Poland travel guide »

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Poland

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Featured hotels in

Poland

PolandCrown Piast Hotel & Park 

Radzikowskiego 109
Krakow 31-342
Poland

Price (US$): $99 - $220 / night

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Location. Connected to the airport, Crown Piast Hotel & Park is located in Krakow's Bronowice neighborhood and close to Wisla Stadium, Main Market Square, and Wawel Castle. Other points of interest near this luxury hotel include Collegium Maius and Czartoryski Museum. Hotel Features. Crown Piast Hotel & Park features a coffee shop/café and a bar/lounge. The hotel serves a complimentary buffet breakfast. Recreational amenities include a health club and a sauna. This 5 star property has a… more »

PolandHotel Rezydent 

Plac Konstytucji 3 Maja 3
Sopot 81-704
Poland

Price (US$): $95 - $167 / night

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Location. Hotel Rezydent is located near the beach in Sopot's Monte Cassino Street neighborhood and close to Sopot Beach, Sopot Pier, and Lysa Gora Ski Area. Nearby points of interest also include Forest Opera and Aquapark Sopot. Hotel Features. Hotel Rezydent's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves buffet breakfasts each morning in the restaurant (surcharges apply). Recreational amenities… more »

PolandBonerowski Palace 

Rynek Glowny 42/ul. Swietego Jana 1
Krakow 31-031
Poland

Price (US$): $185 - $269 / night

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Location. Bonerowski Palace is located in Krakow's Old Town neighborhood, close to Main Market Square, Wawel Castle, and Cloth Hall. Nearby points of interest also include St. Mary's Basilica and Town Hall Tower. Hotel Features. Bonerowski Palace's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. The hotel also has a snack bar/deli and a coffee shop/café. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available during limited hours. The hotel serves a complimentary buffet breakfast.… more »

PolandSofitel Wroclaw Old Town 

ul. Sw. Mikolaja 67
Wroclaw 50-127
Poland

Price (US$): $129 - $258 / night

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Location. Sofitel Wroclaw Old Town is a business friendly Wroclaw hotel in the historical district and close to St. Elisabeth's Church, Ossolineum, and Rynek. Additional points of interest include Wroclaw University and Wroclaw Cathedral. Hotel Features. Sofitel Wroclaw Old Town features a restaurant and a bar/lounge. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves hot and cold buffet breakfasts each morning (surcharges apply). Recreational amenities include a health club, a spa… more »

PolandHotel Rialto 

Wilcza 73
Warsaw 00-670
Poland

Price (US$): $98 - $168 / night

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Location. Hotel Rialto is a business friendly hotel located in central Warsaw, close to Warsaw University of Technology, Old Town Square, and Presidential Palace. Additional points of interest include Lazienki Park and Royal Castle. Hotel Features. Hotel Rialto's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves hot and cold buffet breakfasts each morning in the restaurant (surcharges apply).… more »

Browse more hotels in Poland »

Poland

Full name
Republic of Poland
Capital
Warsaw
Location

Central Europe, east of Germany

Geographic coordinates

52 00 N, 20 00 E

Area comparative

slightly smaller than New Mexico

Border countries

Belarus 605 km, Czech Republic 615 km, Germany 456 km, Lithuania 91 km, Russia (Kaliningrad Oblast) 432 km, Slovakia 420 km, Ukraine 428 km

Coastline

440 km

Climate

temperate with cold, cloudy, moderately severe winters with frequent precipitation; mild summers with frequent showers and thundershowers

Terrain

mostly flat plain; mountains along southern border

Lowest point

near Raczki Elblaskie -2 m

Highest point

Rysy 2,499 m

Natural resources

coal, sulfur, copper, natural gas, silver, lead, salt, amber, arable land

Population

38,463,689 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

Polish 96.7%, German 0.4%, Belarusian 0.1%, Ukrainian 0.1%, other and unspecified 2.7% (2002 census)

Religions

Roman Catholic 89.8% (about 75% practicing), Eastern Orthodox 1.3%, Protestant 0.3%, other 0.3%, unspecified 8.3% (2002)

Languages

Polish (official) 97.8%, other and unspecified 2.2% (2002 census)

Government type

republic

Independence

11 November 1918 (republic proclaimed)

National holiday

Constitution Day, 3 May (1791)

Chief of state

President Bronislaw KOMOROWSKI (since 6 August 2010)

Head of government

Prime Minister Donald TUSK (since 16 November 2007); Deputy Prime Minister Waldemar PAWLAK (since 16 November 2007)

Internet country code

.pl

Internet users

22.452 million (2009)

Airports

129 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Gdansk, Gdynia, Swinoujscie, Szczecin

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