Half the fun of the travel is the aesthetic of lostness.
— Ray Bradbury, 1920 -
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Pitcairn

Background

Pitcairn

Pitcairn Island was discovered in 1767 by the British and settled in 1790 by the Bounty mutineers and their Tahitian companions. Pitcairn was the first Pacific island to become a British colony (in 1838) and today remains the last vestige of that empire in the South Pacific. Outmigration, primarily to New Zealand, has thinned the population from a peak of 233 in 1937 to less than 50 today.

About

The Pitcairn Islands are a loosely grouped handful of tiny islands in the remote South Pacific, farther from any continent than any other inhabited island. The islands are the last British colony in the South Pacific and most isolated British dependency. The rugged main island was settled by the infamous mutineers of the HMS Bounty and their Polynesian companions, and most of Pitcairn's mere four dozen current inhabitants are their descendants. They are one of the least-populated entities given an ISO country code (PN).

Read more about Pitcairn in our Pitcairn travel guide »

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Pitcairn

Full name
Pitcairn, Henderson, Ducie and Oeno Islands
Capital
Adamstown
Location

Oceania, islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about midway between Peru and New Zealand

Geographic coordinates

25 04 S, 130 06 W

Area comparative

about 0.3 times the size of Washington, DC

Coastline

51 km

Climate

tropical; hot and humid; modified by southeast trade winds; rainy season (November to March)

Terrain

rugged volcanic formation; rocky coastline with cliffs

Lowest point

Pacific Ocean 0 m

Highest point

Big Ridge 347 m

Natural resources

miro trees (used for handicrafts), fish

Population

48 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

descendants of the Bounty mutineers and their Tahitian wives

Religions

Seventh-Day Adventist 100%

Languages

English (official), Pitkern (mixture of an 18th century English dialect and a Tahitian dialect)

Government type

NA

Independence

none (overseas territory of the UK)

National holiday

Birthday of Queen ELIZABETH II, second Saturday in June (1926)

Chief of state

Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by UK High Commissioner to New Zealand and Governor (nonresident) of the Pitcairn Islands George FERGUSSON (since April 2006); Commissioner (nonresident) Leslie JAQUES (since September 2003) serves as liaison between the governor and the Island Council

Head of government

Governor George FERGUSSON (since April 2006); Mayor and Chairman of the Island Council Mike WARREN (since 1 January 2008)

Internet country code

.pn

Ports and terminals

Adamstown (on Bounty Bay)

Other countries in the region