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Pakistan

Background

Pakistan

The Indus Valley civilization, one of the oldest in the world and dating back at least 5,000 years, spread over much of what is presently Pakistan. During the second millennium B.C., remnants of this culture fused with the migrating Indo-Aryan peoples. The area underwent successive invasions in subsequent centuries from the Persians, Greeks, Scythians, Arabs (who brought Islam), Afghans, and Turks. The Mughal Empire flourished in the 16th and 17th centuries; the British came to dominate the region in the 18th century. The separation in 1947 of British India into the Muslim state of Pakistan (with West and East sections) and largely Hindu India was never satisfactorily resolved, and India and Pakistan fought two wars - in 1947-48 and 1965 - over the disputed Kashmir territory. A third war between these countries in 1971 - in which India capitalized on Islamabad's marginalization of Bengalis in Pakistani politics - resulted in East Pakistan becoming the separate nation of Bangladesh. In response to Indian nuclear weapons testing, Pakistan conducted its own tests in 1998. India-Pakistan relations have been rocky since the November 2008 Mumbai attacks, but both countries are taking small steps to put relations back on track. In February 2008, Pakistan held parliamentary elections and in September 2008, after the resignation of former President MUSHARRAF, elected Asif Ali ZARDARI to the presidency. Pakistani government and military leaders are struggling to control domestic insurgents, many of whom are located in the tribal areas adjacent to the border with Afghanistan.

About

Pakistan (Urdu: پاکستان) is a country in South Asia. Located along the Arabian Sea, it is surrounded by Afghanistan to the west and northwest, Iran to the southwest, India to the east, and China to the northeast. It is strategically located astride the ancient trade routes of the Khyber and Bolan passes between Asia and Europe.

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A travel warning has been issued for Pakistan

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Featured journals from

Pakistan

Featured hotels in

Pakistan

PakistanAVARI TOWERS KARACHI 

243-244 FATIMA JINNAH ROAD
KARACHI 75530
Pakistan

Price (US$): $220 - $695 / night

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With 236 bedrooms and suites 20 newly renovated rooms alongwith lobby.cinnamon lounge and asia live restaurant offering minibar tv with satellite channels telephone with voice mail and data port in room digital safe deposite box and tea coffee making facilities. All rooms offer wireless internet access complimentary while e rooms include Laser Printers. Lady Avari caters to all lady travels offering addtional facilities and amenities catering to their needs. For dining we are proud to offer… more »

PakistanIslamabad Marriott Hotel 

Aga Khan Road Shalimar 5
Islamabad 46000
Pakistan

Price (US$): $250 - $310 / night

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Location. Islamabad Marriott Hotel is a business friendly hotel located in Islamabad, close to National Art Gallery, Majlis e Shoora, and Aiwan e Sadr. Additional points of interest include Supreme Court of Pakistan and Daman e Koh. Hotel Features. Recreational amenities include an indoor pool, a health club, a sauna, and a steam room. Spa amenities include facials, body treatments, beauty services, and a hair salon. This 4 star property has a 24 hour business center and offers small meeting… more »

PakistanPEARL CONTINENTAL PESHAWAR 

KHYBER ROAD
Peshawar I 25000
Pakistan

Price (US$): $165 - $355 / night

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pearl Continental Hotel Peshawar Is Located In The Heart Of The City. Being The Only Deluxe Hotel In The City It Is A Symbol Of Traditional Hospitality And Comfort. Located On The Khyber Road It Has In Its Vicinity Everything One Looks For. Pearl Continental Hotel Peshawar Welcomes You Assuring Pearl Continental Style Hospitality. more »

PakistanRamada Plaza Karachi Hotel 

Star Avenue Terminal 1
Jinnah International Airport
Karachi 75200
Pakistan

Price (US$): $174 - $199 / night

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Location. Ramada Plaza Karachi Hotel is located in Karachi and local attractions include NED University of Engineering and Technology, University of Karachi, and Karachi War Cemetery. Additional area points of interest include Pakistan Maritime Museum and Pakistan Air Force Museum. Hotel Features. Dining options at Ramada Plaza Karachi Hotel include a restaurant and a coffee shop/café. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available. A complimentary continental breakfast is… more »

PakistanMarriott Karachi Hotel 

09 Abdullah Haroon Road
Karachi 75530
Pakistan

Price (US$): $192 - $193 / night

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Location. Marriott Karachi Hotel is located near the beach in central Karachi and close to Hockey Club of Pakistan, Frere Hall, and Holy Trinity Cathedral. Additional points of interest include National Museum of Pakistan and MCB Tower. Hotel Features. Dining options at Marriott Karachi Hotel include a restaurant and a coffee shop/café. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, an indoor pool, a health club, a… more »

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Pakistan

Full name
Islamic Republic of Pakistan
Capital
Islamabad
Location

Southern Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea, between India on the east and Iran and Afghanistan on the west and China in the north

Geographic coordinates

30 00 N, 70 00 E

Area comparative

slightly less than twice the size of California

Border countries

Afghanistan 2,430 km, China 523 km, India 2,912 km, Iran 909 km

Coastline

1,046 km

Climate

mostly hot, dry desert; temperate in northwest; arctic in north

Terrain

flat Indus plain in east; mountains in north and northwest; Balochistan plateau in west

Lowest point

Indian Ocean 0 m

Highest point

K2 (Mt. Godwin-Austen) 8,611 m

Natural resources

land, extensive natural gas reserves, limited petroleum, poor quality coal, iron ore, copper, salt, limestone

Population

184,404,791 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

Punjabi 44.68%, Pashtun (Pathan) 15.42%, Sindhi 14.1%, Sariaki 8.38%, Muhajirs 7.57%, Balochi 3.57%, other 6.28%

Religions

Muslim 95% (Sunni 75%, Shia 20%), other (includes Christian and Hindu) 5%

Languages

Punjabi 48%, Sindhi 12%, Siraiki (a Punjabi variant) 10%, Pashtu 8%, Urdu (official) 8%, Balochi 3%, Hindko 2%, Brahui 1%, English (official; lingua franca of Pakistani elite and most government ministries), Burushaski, and other 8%

Government type

federal republic

Independence

14 August 1947 (from British India)

National holiday

Republic Day, 23 March (1956)

Chief of state

President Asif Ali ZARDARI (since 9 September 2008)

Head of government

Prime Minister Syed Yousuf Raza GILANI (since 25 March 2008)

Internet country code

.pk

Internet users

20.431 million (2009)

Airports

148 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Karachi, Port Muhammad Bin Qasim

Other countries in the region