There are no foreign lands. It is the traveler only who is foreign.
— Robert Louis Stevenson, 1850 - 1894
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Nicaragua

Background

Nicaragua

The Pacific coast of Nicaragua was settled as a Spanish colony from Panama in the early 16th century. Independence from Spain was declared in 1821 and the country became an independent republic in 1838. Britain occupied the Caribbean Coast in the first half of the 19th century, but gradually ceded control of the region in subsequent decades. Violent opposition to governmental manipulation and corruption spread to all classes by 1978 and resulted in a short-lived civil war that brought the Marxist Sandinista guerrillas to power in 1979. Nicaraguan aid to leftist rebels in El Salvador caused the US to sponsor anti-Sandinista contra guerrillas through much of the 1980s. Free elections in 1990, 1996, and 2001, saw the Sandinistas defeated, but voting in 2006 announced the return of former Sandinista President Daniel ORTEGA Saavedra. The 2008 municipal elections were characterized by widespread irregularities. Nicaragua's infrastructure and economy - hard hit by the earlier civil war and by Hurricane Mitch in 1998 - are slowly being rebuilt, but democratic institutions face new challenges under the ORTEGA administration.

About

Nicaragua is a country in Central America. It has coastlines on both the Caribbean Sea, in the east, and the North Pacific Ocean, in the west, and has Costa Rica to the southeast and Honduras to the northwest.

Nicaragua is the largest country in Central America with an area of 130,373 km2 and contains the largest freshwater body in Central America, Lago de Nicaragua (Lake Nicaragua) or Cocibolca. The capital city of Nicaragua is Managua. Roughly one quarter of the nation's population lives in the Nicaraguan capital, making it the second largest city and metropolitan area in Central America.

Read more about Nicaragua in our Nicaragua travel guide »

Featured journals from

Nicaragua

Featured hotels in

Nicaragua

NicaraguaBarcelo Montelimar Beach Hotel - All Inclusive 

Carretera De Masachapa Km 65
Montelimar
Nicaragua

Price (US$): $260 - $261 / night

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Location. Barcelo Montelimar Beach Hotel All Inclusive is located on the beach in Montelimar, close to Montelimar Beach. Property Features. This resort is all inclusive. Rates include meals and beverages at onsite dining establishments. Charges may be applied for dining at some restaurants, special dinners and dishes, some beverages, and other amenities. Dining options at Barcelo Montelimar Beach Hotel All Inclusive include 2 restaurants. A swim up bar and a poolside bar are open for drinks.… more »

NicaraguaHotel Contempo 

km 11 carretera masaya 400 metros
Oeste Residencial las praderas
Managua
Nicaragua

Price (US$): $98 - $145 / night

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Location. Located in Managua, Hotel Contempo is in the business district with local attractions including Mercado Carlos Roberto Huembes, National Autonomous University of Nicaragua, and Multicentro Las Americas Shopping Center. Additional area points of interest include Tiscapa Lagoon and Monumento a Sandino. Hotel Features. Hotel Contempo's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. Room service is available during limited hours. A complimentary full breakfast is served each morning.… more »

NicaraguaBahia del Sol Villas & Condominiums 

Costado Noroeste de Residencial
La Talanguera
San Juan del Sur 25
Nicaragua

Price (US$): $260 - $261 / night

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Location. Bahia del Sol Villas & Condominiums is located near the beach in San Juan del Sur and close to San Juan del Sur Beach. Property Features. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool and a children's pool. Complimentary wireless Internet access is available in public areas. The property offers a roundtrip airport shuttle (surcharge). Guest parking is complimentary. Additional property amenities include barbecue grills, multilingual staff, and laundry facilities. Guestrooms. 27… more »

NicaraguaHotel La Bocona 

Calle La Libertad
1 Block West Of BAC bank
Granada 11111
Nicaragua

Price (US$): $100 - $164 / night

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Location. Hotel La Bocona is located in central Granada, close to Granada Cathedral and Parque Central. Regional points of interest also include Mombacho Volcano National Reserve and Masaya Old Market. Hotel Features. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool. The property's full service health spa has massage/treatment rooms, facials, and beauty services. Complimentary wireless Internet access is available in public areas. A complimentary full breakfast is served each morning. For a… more »

NicaraguaHacienda Puerta Del Cielo Ecolodge & Spa 

Camino de los Bueyes, Nimboja No.2
Masatepe
Nicaragua

Price (US$): $249 - $349 / night

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Location. Located in Masatepe, Hacienda Puerta Del Cielo Ecolodge & Spa is on a lake and close to Masaya Old Market. Additional area points of interest include Masaya Volcano National Park. Hotel Features. Hacienda Puerta Del Cielo Ecolodge & Spa features a restaurant, a poolside bar, a bar/lounge, and a swim up bar. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, a spa tub, and a sauna. The property's full service health spa has body treatments, massage/treatment rooms, facials, and beauty… more »

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Nicaragua

Full name
Republic of Nicaragua
Capital
Managua
Location

Central America, bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Pacific Ocean, between Costa Rica and Honduras

Geographic coordinates

13 00 N, 85 00 W

Area comparative

slightly smaller than New York state

Border countries

Costa Rica 309 km, Honduras 922 km

Coastline

910 km

Climate

tropical in lowlands, cooler in highlands

Terrain

extensive Atlantic coastal plains rising to central interior mountains; narrow Pacific coastal plain interrupted by volcanoes

Lowest point

Pacific Ocean 0 m

Highest point

Mogoton 2,438 m

Natural resources

gold, silver, copper, tungsten, lead, zinc, timber, fish

Population

5,995,928 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

mestizo (mixed Amerindian and white) 69%, white 17%, black 9%, Amerindian 5%

Religions

Roman Catholic 58.5%, Evangelical 21.6%, Moravian 1.6%, Jehovah's Witness 0.9%, other 1.7%, none 15.7% (2005 census)

Languages

Spanish 97.5% (official), Miskito 1.7%, other 0.8% (1995 census)

Government type

republic

Independence

15 September 1821 (from Spain)

National holiday

Independence Day, 15 September (1821)

Chief of state

President Daniel ORTEGA Saavedra (since 10 January 2007); Vice President Jaime MORALES Carazo (since 10 January 2007); note - the president is both chief of state and head of government

Head of government

President Daniel ORTEGA Saavedra (since 10 January 2007); Vice President Jaime MORALES Carazo (since 10 January 2007)

Internet country code

.ni

Internet users

199,800 (2009)

Airports

143 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Bluefields, Corinto

Other countries in the region