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Nicaragua

Background

Nicaragua

The Pacific coast of Nicaragua was settled as a Spanish colony from Panama in the early 16th century. Independence from Spain was declared in 1821 and the country became an independent republic in 1838. Britain occupied the Caribbean Coast in the first half of the 19th century, but gradually ceded control of the region in subsequent decades. Violent opposition to governmental manipulation and corruption spread to all classes by 1978 and resulted in a short-lived civil war that brought the Marxist Sandinista guerrillas to power in 1979. Nicaraguan aid to leftist rebels in El Salvador caused the US to sponsor anti-Sandinista contra guerrillas through much of the 1980s. Free elections in 1990, 1996, and 2001, saw the Sandinistas defeated, but voting in 2006 announced the return of former Sandinista President Daniel ORTEGA Saavedra. The 2008 municipal elections were characterized by widespread irregularities. Nicaragua's infrastructure and economy - hard hit by the earlier civil war and by Hurricane Mitch in 1998 - are slowly being rebuilt, but democratic institutions face new challenges under the ORTEGA administration.

About

Nicaragua is a country in Central America. It has coastlines on both the Caribbean Sea, in the east, and the North Pacific Ocean, in the west, and has Costa Rica to the southeast and Honduras to the northwest.

Nicaragua is the largest country in Central America with an area of 130,373 km2 and contains the largest freshwater body in Central America, Lago de Nicaragua (Lake Nicaragua) or Cocibolca. The capital city of Nicaragua is Managua. Roughly one quarter of the nation's population lives in the Nicaraguan capital, making it the second largest city and metropolitan area in Central America.

Read more about Nicaragua in our Nicaragua travel guide »

Featured journals from

Nicaragua

Featured hotels in

Nicaragua

NicaraguaBahia del Sol Villas & Condominiums 

Costado Noroeste de Residencial
La Talanguera
San Juan del Sur 25
Nicaragua

Price (US$): $260 - $261 / night

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Location. Bahia del Sol Villas & Condominiums is located near the beach in San Juan del Sur and close to San Juan del Sur Beach. Property Features. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool and a children's pool. Complimentary wireless Internet access is available in public areas. The property offers a roundtrip airport shuttle (surcharge). Guest parking is complimentary. Additional property amenities include barbecue grills, multilingual staff, and laundry facilities. Guestrooms. 27… more »

NicaraguaInterContinental Real Metrocentro Managua 

Frente a Centro Comercial
Managua
Nicaragua

Price (US$): $197 - $750 / night

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Location. InterContinental Real Metrocentro Managua is a business friendly Managua hotel in the business district and close to Tiscapa Lagoon, Monumento a Sandino, and National Autonomous University of Nicaragua. Additional points of interest include Mercado Carlos Roberto Huembes and Dennis Martinez National Stadium. Hotel Features. Dining options at InterContinental Real Metrocentro Managua include 2 restaurants. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day.… more »

NicaraguaCrowne Plaza Managua 

101 Octava Calle Sur Oeste
Managua
Nicaragua

Price (US$): $112 - $179 / night

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Location. Crowne Plaza Managua is a business friendly hotel located in central Managua, close to Monumento a Sandino, Tiscapa Lagoon, and Dennis Martinez National Stadium. Additional points of interest include National Palace and Managua Cathedral. Hotel Features. Crowne Plaza Managua features a restaurant and a bar/lounge. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, a health club, and a sauna. This 4 star property has a business center and… more »

NicaraguaHoliday Inn Managua - Convention Center 

Plaza Holiday Inn Juan Pablo Ii
Managua 212
Nicaragua

Price (US$): $104 - $150 / night

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Location. Holiday Inn Managua Convention Center is a business friendly hotel located in central Managua, close to Monumento a Sandino, Tiscapa Lagoon, and National Autonomous University of Nicaragua. Additional points of interest include Dennis Martinez National Stadium and National Palace. Hotel Features. Dining options at Holiday Inn Managua Convention Center include 2 restaurants. A poolside bar and a bar/lounge are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel… more »

NicaraguaAqua Wellness Resort 

1 Redonda Bay
Playa Gigante
Rivas
Nicaragua

Price (US$): $170 - $335 / night

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Location. Aqua Wellness Resort is a beachfront resort located in Rivas. Resort Features. Aqua Wellness Resort's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A beach bar and a bar/lounge are open for drinks. The resort serves cooked to order breakfasts each morning (surcharges apply). The property's full service health spa has body treatments, massage/treatment rooms, and facials. Complimentary wireless Internet access is available in public areas. For a surcharge, shuttle services include… more »

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Nicaragua

Full name
Republic of Nicaragua
Capital
Managua
Location

Central America, bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Pacific Ocean, between Costa Rica and Honduras

Geographic coordinates

13 00 N, 85 00 W

Area comparative

slightly smaller than New York state

Border countries

Costa Rica 309 km, Honduras 922 km

Coastline

910 km

Climate

tropical in lowlands, cooler in highlands

Terrain

extensive Atlantic coastal plains rising to central interior mountains; narrow Pacific coastal plain interrupted by volcanoes

Lowest point

Pacific Ocean 0 m

Highest point

Mogoton 2,438 m

Natural resources

gold, silver, copper, tungsten, lead, zinc, timber, fish

Population

5,995,928 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

mestizo (mixed Amerindian and white) 69%, white 17%, black 9%, Amerindian 5%

Religions

Roman Catholic 58.5%, Evangelical 21.6%, Moravian 1.6%, Jehovah's Witness 0.9%, other 1.7%, none 15.7% (2005 census)

Languages

Spanish 97.5% (official), Miskito 1.7%, other 0.8% (1995 census)

Government type

republic

Independence

15 September 1821 (from Spain)

National holiday

Independence Day, 15 September (1821)

Chief of state

President Daniel ORTEGA Saavedra (since 10 January 2007); Vice President Jaime MORALES Carazo (since 10 January 2007); note - the president is both chief of state and head of government

Head of government

President Daniel ORTEGA Saavedra (since 10 January 2007); Vice President Jaime MORALES Carazo (since 10 January 2007)

Internet country code

.ni

Internet users

199,800 (2009)

Airports

143 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Bluefields, Corinto

Other countries in the region