Tourists don't know where they've been, travelers don't know where they're going.
— Paul Theroux, 1941 -
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Nigeria

Background

Nigeria

British influence and control over what would become Nigeria and Africa's most populous country grew through the 19th century. A series of constitutions after World War II granted Nigeria greater autonomy; independence came in 1960. Following nearly 16 years of military rule, a new constitution was adopted in 1999, and a peaceful transition to civilian government was completed. The government continues to face the daunting task of reforming a petroleum-based economy, whose revenues have been squandered through corruption and mismanagement, and institutionalizing democracy. In addition, Nigeria continues to experience longstanding ethnic and religious tensions. Although both the 2003 and 2007 presidential elections were marred by significant irregularities and violence, Nigeria is currently experiencing its longest period of civilian rule since independence. The general elections of April 2007 marked the first civilian-to-civilian transfer of power in the country's history. In January 2010, Nigeria assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2010-11 term.

About

Nigeria is a country in equatorial West Africa. It is the continent's most populous nation. It has a southern coastline on the Gulf of Guinea, and has Benin to the west, Cameroon to the southeast, Chad to the northeast, and Niger to the north. It is the largest oil producer and second largest economy in Africa.

Read more about Nigeria in our Nigeria travel guide »

A travel warning has been issued for Nigeria

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Featured journals from

Nigeria

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but you might be interested in journals from these countries:
Benin, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, Côte d'Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Saint Helena, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo

Featured hotels in

Nigeria

NigeriaLe Meridien Ogeyi Place 

45 Tomba Street
GRA Phase II
Port Harcourt 500-001
Nigeria

Price (US$): $273 - $274 / night

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Location. Located in central Port Harcourt, Le Meridien Ogeyi Place is near the airport and close to Liberation Stadium. Other area points of interest include Sharks Stadium. Hotel Features. Le Meridien Ogeyi Place's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, a sauna, and a fitness facility. Spa amenities include spa services, massage/treatment rooms, and a hair… more »

NigeriaThe Wheatbaker 

4 Lawrence Road
Ikoyi
Lagos
Nigeria

Price (US$): $479 - $560 / night

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Location. The Wheatbaker is located in Lagos, close to Palms Shopping Mall, Ikoyi Golf Club, and Bar Beach. Nearby points of interest also include Nigerian National Museum and Lagos City Mall. Hotel Features. The Wheatbaker's restaurant serves lunch and dinner. The hotel also has a snack bar/deli and a coffee shop/café. 2 bars/lounges and a poolside bar are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves a complimentary hot and cold buffet breakfast in the… more »

NigeriaRadisson Blu Anchorage Hotel, Lagos, V.I. 

1A Ozumba Mbadiwe St, Victoria Island
Lagos 101241
Nigeria

Price (US$): $445 - $1549 / night

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Location. Radisson Blu Anchorage Hotel, Lagos, V.I. is located near the beach in central Lagos and close to Silverbird Galleria, Ikoyi Golf Club, and Nigerian National Museum. Additional points of interest include Lagos City Mall and MUSON Centre. Hotel Features. Radisson Blu Anchorage Hotel, Lagos, V.I.'s restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. 2 bars/lounges and a poolside bar are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include an outdoor… more »

NigeriaTranscorp Hilton Abuja 

1 Aguiyi Ironsi Street
Po Box 200
Abuja PMB 200
Nigeria

Price (US$): $351 - $757 / night

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Location. Transcorp Hilton Abuja is a business friendly hotel located in central Abuja, close to National Assembly, Nigerian National Mosque, and Aso Rock. Other area points of interest include Abuja Stadium. Hotel Features. Dining options at Transcorp Hilton Abuja include 2 restaurants. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool and a fitness facility. This 4 star property has a business center and offers secretarial services and business services. Guest parking is complimentary.… more »

NigeriaHawthorn Suites By Wyndham Abuja 

1 Uke Street
Area 11 Garki
Abuja
Nigeria

Price (US$): $217 - $725 / night

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Location. Hawthorn Suites By Wyndham Abuja is a business friendly hotel located in central Abuja, close to Nigerian National Mosque, National Assembly, and Abuja Stadium. Other area points of interest include Aso Rock. Hotel Features. Dining options at Hawthorn Suites By Wyndham Abuja include a coffee shop/café and a snack bar/deli. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, a children's pool, and a fitness facility. The property's full service… more »

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Nigeria

Full name
Federal Republic of Nigeria
Capital
Abuja
Location

Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea, between Benin and Cameroon

Geographic coordinates

10 00 N, 8 00 E

Area comparative

slightly more than twice the size of California

Border countries

Benin 773 km, Cameroon 1,690 km, Chad 87 km, Niger 1,497 km

Coastline

853 km

Climate

varies; equatorial in south, tropical in center, arid in north

Terrain

southern lowlands merge into central hills and plateaus; mountains in southeast, plains in north

Lowest point

Atlantic Ocean 0 m

Highest point

Chappal Waddi 2,419 m

Natural resources

natural gas, petroleum, tin, iron ore, coal, limestone, niobium, lead, zinc, arable land

Population

152,217,341

Ethnic groups

Nigeria, Africa's most populous country, is composed of more than 250 ethnic groups; the following are the most populous and politically influential Hausa and Fulani 29%, Yoruba 21%, Igbo (Ibo) 18%, Ijaw 10%, Kanuri 4%, Ibibio 3.5%, Tiv 2.5%

Religions

Muslim 50%, Christian 40%, indigenous beliefs 10%

Languages

English (official), Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo (Ibo), Fulani

Government type

federal republic

Independence

1 October 1960 (from the UK)

National holiday

Independence Day (National Day), 1 October (1960)

Chief of state

President Goodluck JONATHAN (since 5 May 2010, acting since 9 February 2010); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government; JONATHAN assumed the presidency on 5 May 2010 following the death of President YAR'ADUA, he was declared Acting President on 9 February 2010 by the National Assembly during the extended illness of the former president

Head of government

President Goodluck JONATHAN (since 5 May 2010, acting since 9 February 2010)

Internet country code

.ng

Internet users

43.989 million (2009)

Airports

54 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Bonny Inshore Terminal, Calabar, Lagos

Other countries in the region