Tourists don't know where they've been, travelers don't know where they're going.
— Paul Theroux, 1941 -
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New Caledonia

Background

New Caledonia

Settled by both Britain and France during the first half of the 19th century, the island was made a French possession in 1853. It served as a penal colony for four decades after 1864. Agitation for independence during the 1980s and early 1990s ended in the 1998 Noumea Accord, which over a period of 15 to 20 years will transfer an increasing amount of governing responsibility from France to New Caledonia. The agreement also commits France to conduct a referendum between 2014 and 2019 to decide whether New Caledonia should assume full sovereignty and independence.

About

New Caledonia (French:Nouvelle-Caledonie) is a dependent overseas territory of France lying in the western Pacific Ocean, in the Coral Sea, to the east of Australia and west of Vanuatu. The territory consists of the main island of Grand Terre, the archipelago of the Loyalty Islands (Iles Loyaute), and numerous small, sparsely populated islands and atolls.

New Caledonia offers beaches, mountaintop fondue in chalets, camping, amazing snorkeling and diving, and fabulous French food.

Read more about New Caledonia in our New Caledonia travel guide »

Featured journals from

New Caledonia

DOWN UNDER, WHERE?

by TheLiliens

A new continent, and a new region for the Liliens. It's exciting to think that we'll be heading to the land of kangaroos, the Great Barrier Reef, and the Maori. We begin with a cruise crossing the Pacific, stopping in Hawaii, Fiji and a number of other S. Pacific islands. Then comes some independent touring in AUS, and finally a move over to New Zealand for its spectacular scenery, and its own unique spin on things. We'll be sailing to several ports on both the north and south islands that make up NZ, so it will give us a good overview of the country before heading back to Sydney, from where we'll be returning home. Phew, we're tired already.

Sep 2017 - Nov 2017  »  Canada | United States | Fiji | New Caledonia | Australia | New Zealand

Featured hotels in

New Caledonia

New CaledoniaLe Meridien Noumea 

Pointe Magnin
BP1915
Noumea 98846
New Caledonia

Price (US$): $328 - $356 / night

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Location. Le Meridien Noumea is located on the beach in Noumea, close to Noumea Harbour, Noumea Cathedral, and Place des Cocotiers. Other points of interest are Stade Numa Daly Magenta and Noumea Zoo and Botanical Gardens. Hotel Features. Le Meridien Noumea features a poolside bar and a bar/lounge. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves a complimentary buffet breakfast each morning in the restaurant. Guests can enjoy a complimentary reception with light refreshments on… more »

New CaledoniaL'Escapade îlot Maître 

Ilôt Maître
BP 4918
Noumea 98847
New Caledonia

Price (US$): $780 - $859 / night

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Location. L'Escapade îlot Maître is located on the beach in Noumea's Ilot Maitre neighborhood and local attractions include Noumea Harbour, Noumea Cathedral, and Place des Cocotiers. Other points of interest are Stade Numa Daly Magenta and Noumea Zoo and Botanical Gardens. Hotel Features. L'Escapade îlot Maître's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A swim up bar and a bar/lounge are open for drinks. Room service is available during limited hours. The hotel serves buffet… more »

New CaledoniaLe Meridien Ile Des Pins 

Baie d'Oro Bp 175
Isle of Pines 98832
New Caledonia

Price (US$): $532 - $700 / night

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Location. Le Meridien Ile Des Pins is located on the beach in Isle of Pines and attractions in the region include Kuto Beach and Kanumera Beach. Resort Features. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool and a spa tub. The property's full service health spa has body treatments, massage/treatment rooms, facials, and beauty services. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The resort serves a complimentary buffet breakfast each morning in the restaurant.… more »

New CaledoniaRoyal Tera Beach Resort and Spa 

140 Promenade Roger Laroque
BP 18716 Anse Vata
Noumea 98807
New Caledonia

Price (US$): $238 - $239 / night

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Location. Royal Tera Beach Resort and Spa is located on the beach in central Noumea, close to Noumea Harbour, Noumea Cathedral, and Place des Cocotiers. Other points of interest are Stade Numa Daly Magenta and Noumea Zoo and Botanical Gardens. Resort Features. Royal Tera Beach Resort and Spa's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A beach bar, a swim up bar, a poolside bar, and a bar/lounge are open for drinks. The resort serves a complimentary buffet breakfast each morning in the… more »

New CaledoniaOure Tera Beach Resort 

Baie de Kanumera BP170 98832
Vao
Isle of Pines
New Caledonia

Location. Oure Tera Beach Resort is located on the beach in Isle of Pines, close to Kanumera Beach and Kuto Beach. Resort Features. Oure Tera Beach Resort's restaurant serves breakfast and dinner. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. The resort serves a complimentary buffet breakfast. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool. This 4 star property offers a meeting/conference room, audiovisual equipment, and business services. Wedding services and tour/ticket assistance are available.… more »

Browse more hotels in New Caledonia »

New Caledonia

Full name
Nouvelle-Calédonie
Capital
Nouméa
Location

Oceania, islands in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Australia

Geographic coordinates

21 30 S, 165 30 E

Area comparative

slightly smaller than New Jersey

Coastline

2,254 km

Climate

tropical; modified by southeast trade winds; hot, humid

Terrain

coastal plains with interior mountains

Lowest point

Pacific Ocean 0 m

Highest point

Mont Panie 1,628 m

Natural resources

nickel, chrome, iron, cobalt, manganese, silver, gold, lead, copper

Population

252,352 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

Melanesian 44.1%, European 34.1%, Wallisian & Futunian 9%, Tahitian 2.6%, Indonesian 2.5%, Vietnamese 1.4%, Ni-Vanuatu 1.1%, other 5.2% (1996 census)

Religions

Roman Catholic 60%, Protestant 30%, other 10%

Languages

French (official), 33 Melanesian-Polynesian dialects

Government type

NA

Independence

none (overseas territory of France); note - a referendum on independence was held in 1998 but did not pass; a new referendum is scheduled for 2014

National holiday

Bastille Day, 14 July (1789)

Chief of state

President Nicolas SARKOZY (since 16 May 2007); represented by High Commissioner Albert DUPUY (since 6 October 2010)

Head of government

President of the Government Philippe GOMES (since 5 June 2009)

Internet country code

.nc

Internet users

85,000 (2009)

Airports

25 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Noumea

Other countries in the region