You can travel on for ten thousand miles, and still stay where you are
— Harry Chapin, 1942 - 1981
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Martinique

Background

Martinique

Although ultimately a victor in World Wars I and II, France suffered extensive losses in its empire, wealth, manpower, and rank as a dominant nation-state. Nevertheless, France today is one of the most modern countries in the world and is a leader among European nations. Since 1958, it has constructed a hybrid presidential-parliamentary governing system resistant to the instabilities experienced in earlier more purely parliamentary administrations. In recent years, its reconciliation and cooperation with Germany have proved central to the economic integration of Europe, including the introduction of a common exchange currency, the euro, in January 1999.

About

Martinique is a Caribbean island that is an overseas department of France in the Caribbean Sea, north of St. Lucia and south of Dominica.

The island is dominated by Mount Pelee, which on 8 May 1902 erupted and completely destroyed the city of Saint Pierre, killing 30,000 inhabitants. In the South of the island, there are many beautiful beaches with a lot of tourists. In the North, the rain forests and the black sand beaches are worth seeing. The interior of the island is mountainous.

Read more about Martinique in our Martinique travel guide »

Featured hotels in

Martinique

MartiniqueLe Cap Est Lagoon Resort & Spa 

La Prairie
Le Francois 97240
Martinique

Price (US$): $773 - $1028 / night

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Location. Le Cap Est Lagoon Resort & Spa is located on the beach in Le Francois and local attractions include Clement House. Regional points of interest also include Stade Omnisports Lamentin and Cap Chevalier. Resort Features. Le Cap Est Lagoon Resort & Spa features a poolside bar and a bar/lounge. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, an outdoor tennis court, a health club, and a steam room. This 5 star property offers a meeting/conference room, a technology helpdesk, and… more »

MartiniqueHotel La Bateliere 

20 Rue Des Alizes
Schoelcher 97233
Martinique

Price (US$): $209 - $236 / night

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Location. Hotel La Bateliere is located in Schoelcher, close to Casino Bateliere Plaza, Stade Louis Achille, and Fort Tartenson. Nearby points of interest also include Parc Floral and Palais de Justice. Resort Features. Hotel La Bateliere features a restaurant, a poolside bar, and a bar/lounge. The resort serves a complimentary breakfast. Recreational amenities include a health club. Spa amenities include beauty services and a hair salon. This 4 star property has a business center and offers… more »

MartiniqueHotel Bakoua Les Trois Ilets - MGallery Collection 

Pointe Du Bout
Trois-ilets 97229
Martinique

Price (US$): $383 - $556 / night

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Location. Hotel Bakoua Les Trois Ilets MGallery Collection is located on the beach in Trois Ilets, close to Anse Mitan, Pointe du Bout, and Golf de la Martinique. Other points of interest near this resort include House of Sugar and Fort Saint Louis. Resort Features. Hotel Bakoua Les Trois Ilets MGallery Collection's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available during limited hours. The resort serves a complimentary breakfast.… more »

MartiniqueHotel La Pagerie 

Marina Pointe Du Bout
Trois-Ilets 97229
Martinique

Price (US$): $211 - $243 / night

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Location. Located in Trois Ilets, Hotel La Pagerie is in the entertainment district and close to Anse Mitan, Pointe du Bout, and Golf de la Martinique. Nearby points of interest also include House of Sugar. Hotel Features. Dining options at Hotel La Pagerie include a restaurant and a snack bar/deli. A poolside bar and a bar/lounge are open for drinks. The hotel serves a complimentary buffet breakfast. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool. This 3 star property has a business center… more »

MartiniqueHotel Résidence Mercure Diamant Martinique 

Pointe De La Chery
Le Diamant 97223
Martinique

Price (US$): $127 - $154 / night

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Location. Hotel Résidence Mercure Diamant Martinique is located on the beach in Le Diamant, close to Diamond Beach and Diamond Rock. Other points of interest are House of Sugar and Golf de la Martinique. Resort Features. Hotel Résidence Mercure Diamant Martinique features a poolside bar and a snack bar/deli. The resort serves buffet breakfasts each morning (surcharges apply). Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool and a children's pool. Complimentary wireless Internet access is… more »

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Martinique

Capital
Fort-de-France
Geographic coordinates

14 40 N, 61 00 W

Border countries

Brazil 673 km, Suriname 510 km

Climate

Subtropical tempered by trade winds; moderately high humidity; rainy season (June to October); vulnerable to devastating cyclones (hurricanes) every eight years on average

Terrain

Mountainous with indented coastline; dormant volcano

Ethnic groups

Celtic and Latin with Teutonic, Slavic, North African, Indochinese, Basque minorities

Religions

Roman Catholic 83%-88%, Protestant 2%, Jewish 1%, Muslim 5%-10%, unaffiliated 4%

Languages

French (official) 100%, rapidly declining regional dialects and languages (Provencal, Breton, Alsatian, Corsican, Catalan, Basque, Flemish)

Government type

republic

Independence

no official date of independence 486 (Frankish tribes unified under Merovingian kingship); 10 August 843 (Western Francia established from the division of the Carolingian Empire); 14 July 1789 (French monarchy overthrown); 22 September 1792 (First French Republic founded); 4 October 1958 (Fifth French Republic established)

National holiday

Fete de la Federation, 14 July (1790); note - although often incorrectly referred to as Bastille Day, the celebration actually commemorates the holiday held on the first anniversary of the storming of the Bastille (on 14 July 1789) and the establishment of a constitutional monarchy; other names for the holiday are Fete Nationale (National Holiday) and quatorze juillet (14th of July)

Chief of state

President Nicolas SARKOZY (since 16 May 2007)

Head of government

Prime Minister Francois FILLON (since 17 May 2007)

Internet country code

.mq

Other countries in the region