A wise traveler never despises his own country.
— Carlo Goldoni, 1707 - 1793
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Mozambique

Background

Mozambique

Almost five centuries as a Portuguese colony came to a close with independence in 1975. Large-scale emigration, economic dependence on South Africa, a severe drought, and a prolonged civil war hindered the country's development until the mid 1990's. The ruling Front for the Liberation of Mozambique (FRELIMO) party formally abandoned Marxism in 1989, and a new constitution the following year provided for multiparty elections and a free market economy. A UN-negotiated peace agreement between FRELIMO and rebel Mozambique National Resistance (RENAMO) forces ended the fighting in 1992. In December 2004, Mozambique underwent a delicate transition as Joaquim CHISSANO stepped down after 18 years in office. His elected successor, Armando Emilio GUEBUZA, promised to continue the sound economic policies that have encouraged foreign investment.

About

Mozambique (Moçambique) is a country on the Indian Ocean coast of Southern Africa. It is bordered by South Africa to the south, Tanzania to the north and has inland borders with Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe and Swaziland. Mozambique's eastern coastline along the Indian Ocean is more than 1,000 km long, a fantastic draw for scuba divers, fishermen, sailors and beach lovers.

Read more about Mozambique in our Mozambique travel guide »

Featured journals from

Mozambique

Into the mangroves, down to the corals

by FieldworkMozambique

Rosa and Dennis on fieldwork in Mozambique

Apr 2014 - Jun 2014  »  Belgium | Mozambique

Featured hotels in

Mozambique

MozambiqueHotel Avenida 

Av Julius Nyerere, 627
Maputo 3236
Mozambique

Price (US$): $360 - $423 / night

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Location. Located in central Maputo, Hotel Avenida is near the airport and close to Museum of Natural History, Maputo City Hall, and Maputo Cathedral. Additional points of interest include Maputo Botanical Gardens and Eduardo Mondlane University. Hotel Features. Hotel Avenida's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves a complimentary buffet breakfast. Recreational amenities include a health… more »

MozambiqueRadisson Blu Hotel Maputo 

Avenida Marginal 141
Maputo
Mozambique

Price (US$): $264 - $330 / night

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Location. Radisson Blu Hotel Maputo is located in Maputo, close to Museum of Natural History, Eduardo Mondlane University, and Maputo Cathedral. Nearby points of interest also include Maputo City Hall and Maputo Botanical Gardens. Hotel Features. Dining options at Radisson Blu Hotel Maputo include a restaurant and a coffee shop/café. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, a spa tub, and a fitness facility.… more »

MozambiqueAzura Benguerra Island 

Benguerra Island
Benguerra Island
Mozambique

Location. Azura Benguerra Island is located on the beach in Benguerra Island, close to Benguerra Island Beach. Regional points of interest also include Magaruque Island Beach and Vilanculos Beach. Resort Features. Azura Benguerra Island's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available during limited hours. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool. The property's full service health spa has body treatments, massage/treatment… more »

MozambiquePolana Serena Hotel 

Avenida Julius Nyerere 1380
Maputo 00100
Mozambique

Price (US$): $415 - $605 / night

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Location. Polana Serena Hotel is located in Maputo, close to Museum of Natural History, Eduardo Mondlane University, and Maputo Cathedral. Nearby points of interest also include Maputo City Hall and Maputo Botanical Gardens. Hotel Features. Dining options at Polana Serena Hotel include 3 restaurants. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves a complimentary buffet breakfast. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, an indoor pool, and… more »

MozambiqueMatemo Island Hotel 

Matemo Island
Quirimbas Archipelago
Matemo Island 3201
Mozambique

Price (US$): $874 - $875 / night

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Location. Matemo Island Hotel is located on the beach in Matemo Island and attractions in the region include Quirimbas National Park. Hotel Features. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool. Complimentary wireless Internet access is available in public areas. The hotel serves a complimentary buffet breakfast. Additional property amenities include gift shops/newsstands, laundry facilities, and supervised childcare/activities. Guestrooms. 24 air conditioned guestrooms at Matemo Island… more »

Browse more hotels in Mozambique »

Mozambique

Full name
Republic of Mozambique
Capital
Maputo
Location

Southeastern Africa, bordering the Mozambique Channel, between South Africa and Tanzania

Geographic coordinates

18 15 S, 35 00 E

Area comparative

slightly less than twice the size of California

Border countries

Malawi 1,569 km, South Africa 491 km, Swaziland 105 km, Tanzania 756 km, Zambia 419 km, Zimbabwe 1,231 km

Coastline

2,470 km

Climate

tropical to subtropical

Terrain

mostly coastal lowlands, uplands in center, high plateaus in northwest, mountains in west

Lowest point

Indian Ocean 0 m

Highest point

Monte Binga 2,436 m

Natural resources

coal, titanium, natural gas, hydropower, tantalum, graphite

Population

22,061,451

Ethnic groups

African 99.66% (Makhuwa, Tsonga, Lomwe, Sena, and others), Europeans 0.06%, Euro-Africans 0.2%, Indians 0.08%

Religions

Catholic 23.8%, Muslim 17.8%, Zionist Christian 17.5%, other 17.8%, none 23.1% (1997 census)

Languages

Emakhuwa 26.1%, Xichangana 11.3%, Portuguese 8.8% (official; spoken by 27% of population as a second language), Elomwe 7.6%, Cisena 6.8%, Echuwabo 5.8%, other Mozambican languages 32%, other foreign languages 0.3%, unspecified 1.3% (1997 census)

Government type

republic

Independence

25 June 1975 (from Portugal)

National holiday

Independence Day, 25 June (1975)

Chief of state

President Armando GUEBUZA (since 2 February 2005)

Head of government

Prime Minister Aires Bonifacio ALI (since 16 January 2010)

Internet country code

.mz

Internet users

613,600 (2009)

Airports

106 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Beira, Maputo, Nacala

Other countries in the region