All journeys have secret destinations of which the traveler is unaware.
— Martin Buber, 1878 - 1965
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Mongolia

Background

Mongolia

The Mongols gained fame in the 13th century when under Chinggis KHAAN they established a huge Eurasian empire through conquest. After his death the empire was divided into several powerful Mongol states, but these broke apart in the 14th century. The Mongols eventually retired to their original steppe homelands and in the late 17th century came under Chinese rule. Mongolia won its independence in 1921 with Soviet backing and a Communist regime was installed in 1924. The modern country of Mongolia, however, represents only part of the Mongols' historical homeland; more ethnic Mongolians live in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region in the People's Republic of China than in Mongolia. Following a peaceful democratic revolution, the ex-Communist Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party (MPRP) won elections in 1990 and 1992, but was defeated by the Democratic Union Coalition (DUC) in the 1996 parliamentary election. The MPRP won an overwhelming majority in the 2000 parliamentary election, but the party lost seats in the 2004 election and shared power with democratic coalition parties from 2004-08. The MPRP regained a solid majority in the 2008 parliamentary elections but nevertheless formed a coalition government with the Democratic Party. In 2010 the MPRP voted to retake the name of the Mongolian People's Party (MPP), a name it used in the early 1920s. The prime minister and most cabinet members are MPP members.

About

Mongolia is a landlocked country located between China and Russia. It is a vast emptiness that links land and sky, and is one of the last few places on the planet where nomadic life is still a living tradition. The Republic of Mongolia consists of historic Outer Mongolia, the province of Inner Mongolia is geographically separate and located to the south in China.

Read more about Mongolia in our Mongolia travel guide »

Featured journals from

Mongolia

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but you might be interested in journals from these countries:
China (People's Republic), Hong Kong (S.A.R.), Japan, Macao (S.A.R.), North Korea, South Korea, Taiwan

Featured hotels in

Mongolia

MongoliaCHINGGIS KHAAN HOTEL 

Tokyo Street 10
Ulaanbaatar 976
Mongolia

Price (US$): $150 - $870 / night

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ONE HUNDRED EIGHTY SIX COMFORTABLE ROOMS AND FULLY EQUIPPEDCONFERENCE HALL RESTAURANTS AND SHOPPING CENTER more »

MongoliaRamada Ulaanbaatar Citycenter 

Bayangol District, 17th Khoroo
Gandan Peace Avenue 35/1
Ulaanbaatar
Mongolia

Price (US$): $139 - $190 / night

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Location. Ramada Ulaanbaatar Citycenter is located in central Ulaanbaatar, close to Gandan Monastery, Zanazabar Museum, and National Railway Museum. Nearby points of interest also include National Academic Theatre of Opera and Ballet of Mongolia and Natural History Museum. Hotel Features. Ramada Ulaanbaatar Citycenter's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves buffet breakfasts (surcharges… more »

MongoliaKempinski Hotel Khan Palace 

East Cross Road, Peace Avenue
Bayanzurkh District
Ulaanbaatar
Mongolia

Price (US$): $226 - $582 / night

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Location. Kempinski Hotel Khan Palace is a business friendly hotel located in central Ulaanbaatar, close to National University of Mongolia, Sukhbataar Square, and Choijin Lama Monastery. Additional points of interest include Mongolian Parliament Building and Natural History Museum. Hotel Features. Dining options at Kempinski Hotel Khan Palace include 2 restaurants. Room service is available during limited hours. The hotel serves a complimentary hot and cold buffet breakfast. Recreational… more »

MongoliaTERELJ HOTEL 

Gorkhi Terelj National Park
CENTRAL POST OFFICE DROP BOX 2
ULAANBAATAR MN NONE
Ulaanbaatar 211213
Mongolia

Price (US$): $470 - $4250 / night

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Boutique retreat Mongolian style, Terelj Hotel combines tradition with complete sophistication in a beautiful place surrounded by pine covered mountains and meadows of edelweiss. Located on the borders of Gorkhi Terelj National Park, the hotel has an Asian inspired spa, an indoor pool, fitness centre, a library and offers culturally rich excursions. Tradition meets the 21st century where classic moldings, inlaid marble floors and antique furnishings blend with paintings and sculptures from… more »

MongoliaSteppe Nomads 

Galuut Bag
Bayandelger 976
Mongolia

Price (US$): $120 - $121 / night

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Location. Located in Bayandelger, Steppe Nomads is on a river. Property Features. Steppe Nomads's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available during limited hours. The tentalow serves a complimentary continental breakfast in the restaurant. High speed (wired) Internet access (surcharge) is available in public areas. This Bayandelger property has 200 square meters of event space consisting of a conference center and a… more »

Browse more hotels in Mongolia »

Mongolia

Capital
Ulan Bator
Location

Northern Asia, between China and Russia

Geographic coordinates

46 00 N, 105 00 E

Area comparative

slightly smaller than Alaska

Border countries

China 4,677 km, Russia 3,543 km

Coastline

0 km (landlocked)

Climate

desert; continental (large daily and seasonal temperature ranges)

Terrain

vast semidesert and desert plains, grassy steppe, mountains in west and southwest; Gobi Desert in south-central

Lowest point

Hoh Nuur 560 m

Highest point

Nayramadlin Orgil (Huyten Orgil) 4,374 m

Natural resources

oil, coal, copper, molybdenum, tungsten, phosphates, tin, nickel, zinc, fluorspar, gold, silver, iron

Population

3,086,918 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

Mongol (mostly Khalkha) 94.9%, Turkic (mostly Kazakh) 5%, other (including Chinese and Russian) 0.1% (2000)

Religions

Buddhist Lamaist 50%, Shamanist and Christian 6%, Muslim 4%, none 40% (2004)

Languages

Khalkha Mongol 90%, Turkic, Russian (1999)

Government type

parliamentary

Independence

11 July 1921 (from China)

National holiday

Independence Day/Revolution Day, 11 July (1921)

Chief of state

President Tsakhia ELBEGDORJ (since 18 June 2009)

Head of government

Prime Minister Sukhbaatar BATBOLD (since 29 October 2009); First Deputy Prime Minister (Norov ALTANKHUYAG (since 20 September 2008); Deputy Prime Minister Miegombyn ENKHBOLD (since 6 December 2007)

Internet country code

.mn

Internet users

330,000 (2008)

Airports

46 (2010)

Other countries in the region