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Macedonia

Background

Macedonia

Macedonia gained its independence peacefully from Yugoslavia in 1991. Greece's objection to the new state's use of what it considered a Hellenic name and symbols delayed international recognition, which occurred under the provisional designation of "the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia." In 1995, Greece lifted a 20-month trade embargo and the two countries agreed to normalize relations. The United States began referring to Macedonia by its constitutional name, Republic of Macedonia, in 2004 and negotiations continue between Greece and Macedonia to resolve the name issue. Some ethnic Albanians, angered by perceived political and economic inequities, launched an insurgency in 2001 that eventually won the support of the majority of Macedonia's Albanian population and led to the internationally-brokered Ohrid Framework Agreement, which ended the fighting by establishing a set of new laws enhancing the rights of minorities. Fully implementing the Framework Agreement and stimulating economic growth and development continue to be challenges for Macedonia, although progress has been made on both fronts over the past several years.

About

The Republic of Macedonia, (Macedonian: Република Македонија, Republika Makedonija) (accepted in the UN under the provisional reference the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia), is a landlocked country in the Balkans. It is bordered by Serbia and the disputed region of Kosovo to the north, Albania to the west, Bulgaria to the east, and Greece to the south. The constitutional name of the country is the Republic of Macedonia and it is usually called simply Macedonia, despite the disambiguation concerns of the neighboring Greeks in the Greek province Macedonia and the official provisional name the country has under UN.

While easily accessible from all points abroad, and boasting all the amenities of the Western world, the Republic of Macedonia remains one of Europe’s last undiscovered countries: a natural paradise of mountains, lakes and rivers, where life moves to a different rhythm, amidst the sprawling grandeur of rich historical ruins and idyllic villages that have remained practically unchanged for centuries. The majority population is ethnic Macedonian and Orthodox but there is also a significant Albanian Muslim minority. Therefore, one can expect a wonderful mix of architectural and ethnic hertitage. The country represents the Balkans in the truest sense, consisting of a fascinating mix of Macedonian, Albanian, Turkish, and Mediterranean influences.

Read more about Macedonia in our Macedonia travel guide »

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Macedonia

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Featured hotels in

Macedonia

MacedoniaRamada Plaza Gevgelija 

1480 Grancien Preminbogorodica
Gevgelija
Macedonia

Price (US$): $79 - $228 / night

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Location. Ramada Plaza Gevgelija is located in Gevgelija. Hotel Features. Recreational amenities include an indoor pool and a fitness facility. This 5 star property offers a meeting/conference room and audiovisual equipment. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Guest parking is complimentary. Additional property amenities include a casino, laundry facilities, and dry cleaning/laundry services. Guestrooms. 128 air conditioned guestrooms at Ramada Plaza Gevgelija feature minibars and coffee/tea… more »

MacedoniaHoliday Inn Skopje 

Mosa Pijade Street 2
Skopje 1000
Macedonia

Price (US$): $186 - $231 / night

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Location. Holiday Inn Skopje is a business friendly hotel located in Skopje, close to Gradski Trgovski Centar, Stone Bridge, and Macedonia Square. Additional points of interest include Kamen Most and Daut Pasa Baths. Hotel Features. Holiday Inn Skopje features a restaurant and a bar/lounge. Room service is available during limited hours. Recreational amenities include a health club and a sauna. This 5 star property has a business center and offers audiovisual equipment. Concierge services… more »

MacedoniaDUVET CENTER HOTEL 

Naum Naumovksi Borce 40
Skopje 1000
Macedonia

Price (US$): $152 - $190 / night

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PROPERTY TYPEBED AND BREAKFAST HOTEL VACATION/SEMINAR HOTEL BUSINESS/SEMINAR HOTELYEAR BUILT 2012YEAR REMODELED 2012RATINGSSTARS 4 STARSADDITIONAL HOTEL DESCRIPTIONDUVET CENTER HOTEL IS THE NEWEST ADDITION TO DUVET HOTELSIN MACEDONIA.THIS SUPERBLY COMFORTABLE AND WELL LOCATEDHOTEL TESTIFIES TO OUR DEDICATION AND INTENTION TO OFFERTHE BEST POSSIBLE ACCOMMODATION TO FREQUENT TRAVELERSWHOSE LIVES ARE DIRECTLY INFLUENCED BY THE ACCOMMODATIONQUALITY IN THEIR HOMES AWAY FROM HOME.WITH 23 ROOMS… more »

MacedoniaHotel Mramor 

Klenoec 11a
Skopje 1000
Macedonia

Price (US$): $104 - $104 / night

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Location. Hotel Mramor is located in Skopje, close to Embassy of Austria, Skopje City Stadium, and St. Kliment Church. Nearby points of interest also include City Museum and Macedonia Square. Hotel Features. Dining options at Hotel Mramor include a restaurant and a coffee shop/cafĂ©. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. This 3 star property has a business center and offers small meeting rooms, secretarial services, and a technology helpdesk. The property… more »

MacedoniaMONTENEGRO HOTEL 

Dimce Kovaceski 20
Struga 6330
Macedonia

PROPERTY TYPEVACATION HOTEL BED AND BREAKFAST HOTELYEAR BUILT 2007YEAR REMODELED 2012RATINGSSTARS 2 STARSADDITIONAL HOTEL DESCRIPTIONTHE ROOMS ARE VERY CLEAN AND TIDY EQUIPPED WITH CABLE TVWIRELESS INTERNET CONNECTION BATHROOM WITH SHOWER AND OWNBALCONY.OUR HOTEL HAS A VERY INDIVIDUAL APPROACH TO CUSTOMERS AND AVERY FRIENDLY ATMOSPHERE THAT WILL MAKE YOU FEEL LIKE HOME.YOU CAN ALSO DINE AT OUR BEAUTIFUL RESTAURANT WHERE YOU CANTRY OUR MACEDONIAN NATIONAL DISHES ORGANIC FRUIT ANDVEGETABLES… more »

Browse more hotels in Macedonia »

Macedonia

Full name
Republic of Macedonia
Capital
Skopje
Location

Southeastern Europe, north of Greece

Geographic coordinates

41 50 N, 22 00 E

Area comparative

slightly larger than Vermont

Border countries

Albania 151 km, Bulgaria 148 km, Greece 246 km, Kosovo 159 km, Serbia 62 km

Coastline

0 km (landlocked)

Climate

warm, dry summers and autumns; relatively cold winters with heavy snowfall

Terrain

mountainous territory covered with deep basins and valleys; three large lakes, each divided by a frontier line; country bisected by the Vardar River

Lowest point

Vardar River 50 m

Highest point

Golem Korab (Maja e Korabit) 2,764 m

Natural resources

low-grade iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, chromite, manganese, nickel, tungsten, gold, silver, asbestos, gypsum, timber, arable land

Population

2,072,086 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

Macedonian 64.2%, Albanian 25.2%, Turkish 3.9%, Roma (Gypsy) 2.7%, Serb 1.8%, other 2.2% (2002 census)

Religions

Macedonian Orthodox 64.7%, Muslim 33.3%, other Christian 0.37%, other and unspecified 1.63% (2002 census)

Languages

Macedonian (official) 66.5%, Albanian (official) 25.1%, Turkish 3.5%, Roma 1.9%, Serbian 1.2%, other 1.8% (2002 census)

Government type

parliamentary democracy

Independence

8 September 1991 (referendum by registered voters endorsed independence from Yugoslavia)

National holiday

Independence Day, 8 September (1991); also known as National Day

Chief of state

President Gjorge IVANOV (since 12 May 2009)

Head of government

Prime Minister Nikola GRUEVSKI (since 26 August 2006)

Internet country code

.mk

Internet users

1.057 million (2009)

Airports

14 (2010)

Other countries in the region