When you get there, there isn't any there there.
— Gertrude Stein, 1874 - 1946
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EN

Mexico

Background

Mexico

The site of advanced Amerindian civilizations, Mexico came under Spanish rule for three centuries before achieving independence early in the 19th century. A devaluation of the peso in late 1994 threw Mexico into economic turmoil, triggering the worst recession in over half a century. The global financial crisis beginning in late 2008 caused another massive economic downturn the following year. As the economy recovers, ongoing economic and social concerns include low real wages, underemployment for a large segment of the population, inequitable income distribution, and few advancement opportunities for the largely Amerindian population in the impoverished southern states. The elections held in 2000 marked the first time since the 1910 Mexican Revolution that an opposition candidate - Vicente FOX of the National Action Party (PAN) - defeated the party in government, the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI). He was succeeded in 2006 by another PAN candidate Felipe CALDERON. In January 2009, Mexico assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2009-10 term.

About

Mexico (officially: the United Mexican States) is a country in North America, lying between the United States of America to the north, and Guatemala and Belize to the southeast. Its extensive coastlines include the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west. Mexico has nice and warm people, unique food, art and archeology, pyramids, museums, Haciendas, 6,000 miles of shoreline, superb architecture and 21 century cities, weather from snow mountains in the Sierras, to rainy jungles in the Southeast and desert in the Northwest, lots of golf courses throughout the country, excellent fishing, world top destinations like Acapulco, Cancun, Cozumel, Los Cabos, and Patzcuaro. Mexico is ranked 7th major destination for foreigner visitors, according to WTO.

Read more about Mexico in our Mexico travel guide »

A travel warning has been issued for Mexico

Read more »

Featured journals from

Mexico

Honeymoon

by erezmazor

Mexico and Belize, October 2011

Oct 2011  »  Mexico | Belize

You Can Travel Too

by YouCanTravelToo

Stories, Photos, and Videos of Kerry & Kieth's Travels with Ideas, Insider Information, and Tips for You

Jul 2016  »  United States | Canada | Jamaica | Mexico | Bahamas

Featured hotels in

Mexico

MexicoFiesta Americana Grand Los Cabos Golf & Spa 

Carretera Transpeninsular Km 10.3
CSL-SJC, Lote A-1 Cabo del sol
Cabo San Lucas 23410
Mexico

Price (US$): $413 - $693 / night

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Location. Fiesta Americana Grand Los Cabos Golf & Spa is located on the beach in Cabo San Lucas's Corridor neighborhood, close to Widows Beach, Cabo del Sol Golf Club, and Santa Maria Beach. Chileno Beach is also a point of interest near this luxury resort. Resort Features. In addition to 4 restaurants, Fiesta Americana Grand Los Cabos Golf & Spa offers a snack bar/deli and a coffee shop/café. 5 bars/lounges, a beach bar, a swim up bar, and a poolside bar are open for drinks. Room service… more »

MexicoGrand Solmar Lands End Resort and Spa 

Av Solmar No 1- A Col Centro
Cabo San Lucas 23450
Mexico

Price (US$): $1291 - $1678 / night

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Location. Grand Solmar Lands End Resort and Spa is located on the beach in Cabo San Lucas, close to Playa del Amor, El Arco, and Land's End. Other points of interest near this luxury resort include Cabo Dolphins and The Point. Resort Features. Grand Solmar Lands End Resort and Spa features 2 swim up bars, a coffee shop/café, and a bar/lounge. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include a children's pool and a health club. The property's full service health spa… more »

MexicoZoetry Casa Del Mar Los Cabos - All Inclusive 

Carretera Transpeninsular
Km 19.5
San Jose del Cabo 23400
Mexico

Price (US$): $1181 - $2121 / night

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Location. Zoetry Casa Del Mar Los Cabos All Inclusive is located on the beach in San Jose del Cabo's El Bedito neighborhood, close to Cabo Real Golf Course, Eldorado Golf Club, and Chileno Beach. Other points of interest are Palmilla Golf Club and Palmilla Beach. Property Features. This resort is all inclusive. Rates include meals and beverages at onsite dining establishments. Charges may be applied for dining at some restaurants, special dinners and dishes, some beverages, and other… more »

MexicoMaroma Resort and Spa by Orient-Express 

Carretera Cancun Tulum Km 51
Riviera Maya
Playa del Carmen 77710
Mexico

Price (US$): $624 - $1805 / night

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Location. Maroma Resort and Spa by Orient Express is located on the beach in Playa del Carmen's Maroma neighborhood, close to Maroma Beach and Playa Paraiso. Other points of interest are El Camaleon Golf Club and Tres Rios Ecopark. Hotel Features. Dining options at Maroma Resort and Spa by Orient Express include 2 restaurants. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves a complimentary continental breakfast. Recreational amenities include a… more »

MexicoFiesta Americana Grand Coral Beach Cancun Resort & Spa 

Blvd. Kukulcan km. 9.5
Zona Hotelera
Cancun 77500
Mexico

Price (US$): $341 - $584 / night

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Location. Fiesta Americana Grand Coral Beach Cancun Resort & Spa is located on the beach in Cancun's Cancun Hotel Zone neighborhood, close to Cancun Convention Center, La Isla Shopping Mall, and Nautilus Diving and Training Center. Other points of interest near this luxury resort include Plaza Caracol and Cancun Golf Club at Pok Ta Pok. Resort Features. Dining options at Fiesta Americana Grand Coral Beach Cancun Resort & Spa include 10 restaurants. A swim up bar, a poolside bar, and a… more »

Browse more hotels in Mexico »

Mexico

Capital
Mexico City
Location

Middle America, bordering the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico, between Belize and the United States and bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between Guatemala and the United States

Geographic coordinates

23 00 N, 102 00 W

Area comparative

slightly less than three times the size of Texas

Border countries

Belize 250 km, Guatemala 962 km, US 3,141 km

Coastline

9,330 km

Climate

varies from tropical to desert

Terrain

high, rugged mountains; low coastal plains; high plateaus; desert

Lowest point

Laguna Salada -10 m

Highest point

Volcan Pico de Orizaba 5,700 m

Natural resources

petroleum, silver, copper, gold, lead, zinc, natural gas, timber

Population

112,468,855 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

mestizo (Amerindian-Spanish) 60%, Amerindian or predominantly Amerindian 30%, white 9%, other 1%

Religions

Roman Catholic 76.5%, Protestant 6.3% (Pentecostal 1.4%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1.1%, other 3.8%), other 0.3%, unspecified 13.8%, none 3.1% (2000 census)

Languages

Spanish only 92.7%, Spanish and indigenous languages 5.7%, indigenous only 0.8%, unspecified 0.8%; note - indigenous languages include various Mayan, Nahuatl, and other regional languages (2005)

Government type

federal republic

Independence

16 September 1810 (declared); 27 September 1821 (recognized by Spain)

National holiday

Independence Day, 16 September (1810)

Chief of state

President Felipe de Jesus CALDERON Hinojosa (since 1 December 2006); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

Head of government

President Felipe de Jesus CALDERON Hinojosa (since 1 December 2006)

Internet country code

.mx

Internet users

31.02 million (2009)

Airports

1,819 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Altamira, Coatzacoalcos, Lazaro Cardenas, Manzanillo, Salina Cruz, Veracruz

Other countries in the region