Kilometers are shorter than miles. Save gas, take your next trip in kilometers.
— George Carlin, 1937 - 2008




Formerly an independent kingdom, Madagascar became a French colony in 1896 but regained independence in 1960. During 1992-93, free presidential and National Assembly elections were held ending 17 years of single-party rule. In 1997, in the second presidential race, Didier RATSIRAKA, the leader during the 1970s and 1980s, was returned to the presidency. The 2001 presidential election was contested between the followers of Didier RATSIRAKA and Marc RAVALOMANANA, nearly causing secession of half of the country. In April 2002, the High Constitutional Court announced RAVALOMANANA the winner. RAVALOMANANA achieved a second term following a landslide victory in the generally free and fair presidential elections of 2006. In early 2009, protests over increasing restrictions on opposition press and activities resulted in RAVALOMANANA stepping down and the presidency was conferred to the mayor of Antananarivo, Andry RAJOELINA. Following negotiations in July and August of 2009, a power-sharing agreement with a 15-month transitional period was established, but has not yet been implemented.


Madagascar is a country that occupies a large island of the same name, located in the Indian Ocean off the eastern coast of Africa. It is the fourth largest island in the world.

Read more about Madagascar in our Madagascar travel guide »

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MadagascarCarlton Hotel 

Rue Pierre Stibbe Anosy
Antananarivo 101

Price (US$): $235 - $236 / night

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Location. Carlton Hotel is a business friendly Antananarivo hotel in the historical district and close to Musee d'Art et d'Archeologie, Mahama Sina Stadium, and Musee Andafivaratra. Additional points of interest include Andohalo Cathedral and Faravohitra Church. Hotel Features. In addition to 2 restaurants, Carlton Hotel offers a snack bar/deli and a coffee shop/café. 2 bars/lounges and a poolside bar are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves full… more »

MadagascarOra Resort Amarina Hotel 

Hellville 207, Nosy Be BP 202
Nosy Be

Price (US$): $259 - $273 / night

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Location. Ora Resort Amarina Hotel is a beachfront hotel located in Nosy Be. Hotel Features. Ora Resort Amarina Hotel's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A poolside bar is open for drinks. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool. This 4 star property offers a meeting/conference room, secretarial services, and audiovisual equipment. Wireless Internet access (surcharge) is available in public areas. Additional property amenities include multilingual staff, a garden, and a… more »

MadagascarSunny Garden 

Routes Des Hydrocarbures
Antananarivo 101

Price (US$): $86 - $134 / night

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Location. Sunny Garden is located in Antananarivo, close to Faravohitra Church, Musee d'Art et d'Archeologie, and Musee Andafivaratra. Nearby points of interest also include Mahama Sina Stadium and Andohalo Cathedral. Hotel Features. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, a spa tub, a sauna, and a fitness facility. This 4 star property has a 24 hour business center and offers a meeting/conference room. Complimentary wireless and wired high speed Internet access is available in… more »

MadagascarLa Note Bleue Park Hotel 

Villa Bahia - Route de Ramena PK 3
Antsiranana 201

Price (US$): $193 - $260 / night

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Location. Located in Antsiranana, La Note Bleue Park Hotel is connected to the airport and by the sea. Hotel Features. Dining options at La Note Bleue Park Hotel include 2 restaurants. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available during limited hours. The hotel serves a complimentary buffet breakfast. Guests can enjoy a complimentary manager's reception on select days. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, a children's pool, a health club, and a children's club. This… more »

MadagascarOra Resort Loharano Hotel 

BP316 Ambaro
Nosy Be 207

Price (US$): $186 - $196 / night

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Location. Ora Resort Loharano Hotel is located near the beach in Nosy Be's Djamandjary neighborhood and attractions in the region include Nosy Tanikely National Park. Hotel Features. Ora Resort Loharano Hotel features a restaurant and a bar/lounge. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool. Additional property amenities include a library, an arcade/game room, and gift shops/newsstands. Guestrooms. 24 air conditioned guestrooms at Ora Resort Loharano Hotel feature coffee/tea makers and… more »

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Full name
Republic of Madagascar

Southern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, east of Mozambique

Geographic coordinates

20 00 S, 47 00 E

Area comparative

slightly less than twice the size of Arizona


4,828 km


tropical along coast, temperate inland, arid in south


narrow coastal plain, high plateau and mountains in center

Lowest point

Indian Ocean 0 m

Highest point

Maromokotro 2,876 m

Natural resources

graphite, chromite, coal, bauxite, rare earth elements, salt, quartz, tar sands, semiprecious stones, mica, fish, hydropower


21,281,844 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

Malayo-Indonesian (Merina and related Betsileo), Cotiers (mixed African, Malayo-Indonesian, and Arab ancestry - Betsimisaraka, Tsimihety, Antaisaka, Sakalava), French, Indian, Creole, Comoran


indigenous beliefs 52%, Christian 41%, Muslim 7%


French (official), Malagasy (official), English

Government type



26 June 1960 (from France)

National holiday

Independence Day, 26 June (1960)

Chief of state

President Andry RAJOELINA (since 18 March 2009)

Head of government

Prime Minister Albert Camille VITAL (since 18 December 2009)

Internet country code


Internet users

319,900 (2009)


84 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Antsiranana (Diego Suarez), Mahajanga, Toamasina, Toliara (Tulear)

Other countries in the region