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Kyrgyzstan

Background

Kyrgyzstan

A Central Asian country of incredible natural beauty and proud nomadic traditions, most of Kyrgyzstan was formally annexed to Russia in 1876. The Kyrgyz staged a major revolt against the Tsarist Empire in 1916 in which almost one-sixth of the Kyrgyz population was killed. Kyrgyzstan became a Soviet republic in 1936 and achieved independence in 1991 when the USSR dissolved. Nationwide demonstrations in the spring of 2005 resulted in the ouster of President Askar AKAEV, who had run the country since 1990. Subsequent presidential elections in July 2005 were won overwhelmingly by former prime minister Kurmanbek BAKIEV. Over the next few years, the new president manipulated the parliament to accrue new powers for himself. In July 2009, after months of harassment against his opponents and media critics, BAKIEV won re-election in a presidential campaign that the international community deemed flawed. In April 2010, nationwide protests led to the resignation and expulsion of BAKIEV. He was replaced by President Roza OTUNBAEVA who will serve as president until 31 December 2011 according to a presidential decree issued 19 May 2010. Presidential elections are scheduled to be held in October 2011. Continuing concerns include endemic corruption, poor interethnic relations, and terrorism.

About

WARNING: As of July 2010, the political situation in Kyrgyzstan is improving and ethnic violence has subsided, but the country remains extremely unstable. A substantial risk for renewed political and ethnic violence exists, particularly in southern Kyrgyzstan. Bishkek and the Issyk-Kul region are currently calm and safe for travel. However, the situation in any part of the country could deteriorate without warning.

Kyrgyzstan (Кыргызстан, formally the Kyrgyz Republic (Кыргыз Республикасы) is a Central Asian country of incredible natural beauty and proud nomadic traditions. Landlocked and mountainous, it borders Kazakhstan to the north, Uzbekistan to the west, Tajikistan to the southwest and China to the southeast. Annexed by Russia in 1876, it achieved independence from the Soviet Union in 1991. It has the most liberal tourist visa policy in Central Asia and one of the more progressive post-Soviet governments in the region.

Read more about Kyrgyzstan in our Kyrgyzstan travel guide »

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Kyrgyzstan

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Featured hotels in

Kyrgyzstan

KyrgyzstanMaryotel 

351 Pobeda Avenue
Bishkek 724300
Kyrgyzstan

Price (US$): $213 - $304 / night

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Maryotel a new business hotel opened in February 2012 is located in 10 minutes by car from the center of the city. Hotel offers supremely comfortable guest rooms, modern facilities and top class services to suit both business executives and leisure visitors. 19 single rooms, 18 double rooms, 2 deluxes. 2 suits and 1 Presidential Apartment feature everything you may need for an efficient work and comfortable rest. Accommodation includes: smoking and non smoking room on your choice, breakfast… more »

KyrgyzstanHYATT REGENCY BISHKEK 

191 SOVIETSKAYA STREET
Bishkek 720011
Kyrgyzstan

Price (US$): $355 - $740 / night

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PROPERTY DESCRIPTIONTHE HYATT REGENCY BISHKEK IS LOCATED IN THE HEART OF THEBUSINESS AND GOVERNMENT DISTRICTS AND THE CENTRAL AREA OFTHE CITY. IT IS THE CITY S PREMIER LUXURY HOTEL WITH ALL THEFIVE STAR FACILITIES ONE CAN EXPECT, INCLUDING BUSINESSCENTER, LONG TERM OFFICE SPACE, MEETING AND CONFERENCE ROOMSAS WELL AS A HEALTH CLUB.. FREQUENT STAYHYATTS FREQUENT STAY PROGRAM IS GOLD PASSPORT. TO FIND OUTMORE INFORMATION ON BECOMING A MEMBER AND HOW TO RECEIVEFREE ROOM NIGHTS AT PARTICIPATING… more »

KyrgyzstanPARK HOTEL BISHKEK 

87 Orozbekov Street
Bishkek 720040
Kyrgyzstan

Price (US$): $309 - $344 / night

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Park Hotel Bishkek is a modern and new hotel in Kyrgyzstan. The hotel is provided with all needed conditions for satisfaction of your requests even for particular guests. The Park Hotel is located in the heart of the Bishkek. There are leading business centres, offices of the commercial organizations, state bodies and public associations, entertainment centres are located the nearest distance from the hotel. The main city square Ala ? Too and also the Panfilov?s Park are situated close to… more »

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Kyrgyzstan

Full name
Kyrgyz Republic
Capital
Bishkek
Location

Central Asia, west of China

Geographic coordinates

41 00 N, 75 00 E

Area comparative

slightly smaller than South Dakota

Border countries

China 858 km, Kazakhstan 1,224 km, Tajikistan 870 km, Uzbekistan 1,099 km

Coastline

0 km (landlocked)

Climate

dry continental to polar in high Tien Shan Mountains; subtropical in southwest (Fergana Valley); temperate in northern foothill zone

Terrain

peaks of Tien Shan and associated valleys and basins encompass entire nation

Lowest point

Kara-Daryya (Karadar'ya) 132 m

Highest point

Jengish Chokusu (Pik Pobedy) 7,439 m

Natural resources

abundant hydropower; significant deposits of gold and rare earth metals; locally exploitable coal, oil, and natural gas; other deposits of nepheline, mercury, bismuth, lead, and zinc

Population

5,508,626 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

Kyrgyz 64.9%, Uzbek 13.8%, Russian 12.5%, Dungan 1.1%, Ukrainian 1%, Uighur 1%, other 5.7% (1999 census)

Religions

Muslim 75%, Russian Orthodox 20%, other 5%

Languages

Kyrgyz 64.7% (official), Uzbek 13.6%, Russian 12.5% (official), Dungun 1%, other 8.2% (1999 census)

Government type

republic

Independence

31 August 1991 (from the Soviet Union)

National holiday

Independence Day, 31 August (1991)

Chief of state

President Roza OTUNBAEVA (since 19 May 2010); note - OTUNBAEVA became acting president on 7 April 2010 following the early April 2010 riots that overthrew President Kurmanbek BAKIEV; she was appointed president through 31 December 2011 by a 19 May 2010 decree of the provisional government, which also prohibited her from running in the next presidential election; she was officially sworn in on 3 July 2010

Head of government

Prime Minister Almazbek ATAMBAEV (since 17 December 2010); First Deputy Prime Minister - Omurbek BABANOV (since 17 December 2010); Deputy Prime Ministers - Shamil ATAKHANOV, Ibragim JUNUSOV, Jantoro SATYBALDIEV (since 17 December 2010)

Internet country code

.kg

Internet users

2.195 million (2009)

Airports

28 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Balykchy (Ysyk-Kol or Rybach'ye)

Other countries in the region