Our deeds still travel with us from afar, and what we have been makes us what we are.
— George Eliot, 1819 - 1880
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Jamaica

Background

Jamaica

The island - discovered by Christopher COLUMBUS in 1494 - was settled by the Spanish early in the 16th century. The native Taino Indians, who had inhabited Jamaica for centuries, were gradually exterminated and replaced by African slaves. England seized the island in 1655 and established a plantation economy based on sugar, cocoa, and coffee. The abolition of slavery in 1834 freed a quarter million slaves, many of whom became small farmers. Jamaica gradually obtained increasing independence from Britain. In 1958 it joined other British Caribbean colonies in forming the Federation of the West Indies. Jamaica gained full independence when it withdrew from the Federation in 1962. Deteriorating economic conditions during the 1970s led to recurrent violence as rival gangs affiliated with the major political parties evolved into powerful organized crime networks involved in international drug smuggling and money laundering. Violent crime, drug trafficking, and poverty pose significant challenges to the government today. Nonetheless, many rural and resort areas remain relatively safe and contribute substantially to the economy.

About

For other places with the same name, see Jamaica (disambiguation).

Jamaica is an island nation in the Caribbean, located to the south of Cuba and to the west of the island of Hispaniola.

Read more about Jamaica in our Jamaica travel guide »

Featured journals from

Jamaica

Bar-B-Barn Beach Hotel and Restaurant

by mrstsnbrown

Seven Mile White Sea Sand

Nov 2013  »  Jamaica

You Can Travel Too

by YouCanTravelToo

Stories, Photos, and Videos of Kerry & Kieth's Travels with Ideas, Insider Information, and Tips for You

Jul 2016  »  United States | Canada | Jamaica | Mexico | Bahamas

Featured hotels in

Jamaica

JamaicaIberostar Grand Hotel Rose Hall All Inclusive 

Rose Hall Main Road
Montego Bay
Jamaica

Price (US$): $657 - $814 / night

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Location. Iberostar Grand Hotel Rose Hall All Inclusive is located on the beach in Montego Bay's Rose Hall neighborhood, close to Cinnamon Hill Golf Course and Rose Hall Great House. Other points of interest are The Shoppes at Rose Hall and White Witch of Rose Hall Golf Course. Property Features. This resort is all inclusive. Rates include meals and beverages at onsite dining establishments. Charges may be applied for dining at some restaurants, special dinners and dishes, some beverages,… more »

JamaicaSecrets St. James Montego Bay - Luxury All Inclusive 

Lot 59A Freeport
Montego Bay
Jamaica

Price (US$): $538 - $673 / night

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Location. Secrets St. James Montego Bay Luxury All Inclusive is located on the beach in Montego Bay, close to Montego Bay Cruise Ship Terminal, Doctor's Cave Beach, and Rocklands Bird Sanctuary. Other points of interest near this all inclusive resort include Montego Bay Marine Park and AquaSol Theme Park. Property Features. This resort is all inclusive. Rates include meals and beverages at onsite dining establishments. Charges may be applied for dining at some restaurants, special dinners… more »

JamaicaRound Hill Hotel And Villas 

John Pringle Drive
PO Box 64
Montego Bay
Jamaica

Price (US$): $669 - $699 / night

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Location. Round Hill Hotel And Villas is located on the beach in Montego Bay, close to Tryall Golf Club. Other points of interest are Rocklands Bird Sanctuary and Doctor's Cave Beach. Resort Features. Round Hill Hotel And Villas's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A poolside bar and a bar/lounge are open for drinks. Room service is available during limited hours. Recreational amenities include a children's pool, an outdoor tennis court, a health club, and a children's club. The… more »

JamaicaSecrets Wild Orchid Montego Bay - Luxury All Inclusive 

Lot 59 Freeport
Seawind Key Investments Ltd
Montego Bay
Jamaica

Price (US$): $396 - $495 / night

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Location. Secrets Wild Orchid Montego Bay Luxury All Inclusive is located on the beach in Montego Bay, close to Montego Bay Cruise Ship Terminal, Doctor's Cave Beach, and Rocklands Bird Sanctuary. Other points of interest near this all inclusive resort include Montego Bay Marine Park and AquaSol Theme Park. Property Features. This resort is all inclusive. Rates include meals and beverages at onsite dining establishments. Charges may be applied for dining at some restaurants, special dinners… more »

JamaicaHalf Moon 

Rosehall Main Road
Montego Bay
Jamaica

Price (US$): $429 - $1799 / night

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Location. Half Moon is located on the beach in Montego Bay's Rose Hall neighborhood, close to Half Moon Golf Course, Montego Bay Convention Centre, and White Witch of Rose Hall Golf Course. Other points of interest near this all inclusive hotel include The Shoppes at Rose Hall and Rose Hall Great House. Hotel Features. This hotel offers both all inclusive and room only rates. Meals and beverages at onsite dining establishments are included in all inclusive rates. Charges may be applied for… more »

Browse more hotels in Jamaica »

Jamaica

Capital
Kingston
Location

Caribbean, island in the Caribbean Sea, south of Cuba

Geographic coordinates

18 15 N, 77 30 W

Area comparative

slightly smaller than Connecticut

Coastline

1,022 km

Climate

tropical; hot, humid; temperate interior

Terrain

mostly mountains, with narrow, discontinuous coastal plain

Lowest point

Caribbean Sea 0 m

Highest point

Blue Mountain Peak 2,256 m

Natural resources

bauxite, gypsum, limestone

Population

2,847,232 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

black 91.2%, mixed 6.2%, other or unknown 2.6% (2001 census)

Religions

Protestant 62.5% (Seventh-Day Adventist 10.8%, Pentecostal 9.5%, Other Church of God 8.3%, Baptist 7.2%, New Testament Church of God 6.3%, Church of God in Jamaica 4.8%, Church of God of Prophecy 4.3%, Anglican 3.6%, other Christian 7.7%), Roman Catholic 2.6%, other or unspecified 14.2%, none 20.9%, (2001 census)

Languages

English, English patois

Government type

constitutional parliamentary democracy and a Commonwealth realm

Independence

6 August 1962 (from the UK)

National holiday

Independence Day, 6 August (1962)

Chief of state

Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor General Dr. Patrick L. ALLEN (since 26 February 2009)

Head of government

Prime Minister Bruce GOLDING (since 11 September 2007)

Internet country code

.jm

Internet users

1.581 million (2009)

Airports

27 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Discovery Bay (Port Rhoades), Kingston, Montego Bay, Port Antonio, Port Esquivel, Port Kaiser, Rocky Point

Other countries in the region