There are no foreign lands. It is the traveler only who is foreign.
— Robert Louis Stevenson, 1850 - 1894
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Ireland

Background

Ireland

Celtic tribes arrived on the island between 600-150 B.C. Invasions by Norsemen that began in the late 8th century were finally ended when King Brian BORU defeated the Danes in 1014. English invasions began in the 12th century and set off more than seven centuries of Anglo-Irish struggle marked by fierce rebellions and harsh repressions. A failed 1916 Easter Monday Rebellion touched off several years of guerrilla warfare that in 1921 resulted in independence from the UK for 26 southern counties; six northern (Ulster) counties remained part of the UK. In 1949, Ireland withdrew from the British Commonwealth; it joined the European Community in 1973. Irish governments have sought the peaceful unification of Ireland and have cooperated with Britain against terrorist groups. A peace settlement for Northern Ireland is gradually being implemented despite some difficulties. In 2006, the Irish and British governments developed and began to implement the St. Andrews Agreement, building on the Good Friday Agreement approved in 1998.

About

For other places with the same name, see Ireland (disambiguation).

Ulster directs to here. For other places with this name, see Ulster (disambiguation)

Ireland (Irish: Éire), known popularly as the Emerald Isle, is an island in north-western Europe which has been divided politically since 1920. Most of the island is made up of Ireland (Irish: Éire) (a.k.a. Republic of Ireland (Irish: Poblacht na hÉireann)) . The remainder is Northern Ireland, which is part of the United Kingdom.

Read more about Ireland in our Ireland travel guide »

Featured journals from

Ireland

Ireland!

by jhofsink

Adventures in a Country Where my Name is for Boys

Feb 2011 - Apr 2011  »  Ireland

EUROPE 2011

by srh8911

May 2011  »  Ireland | United Kingdom | Germany

Summer 2017

by madjeanne

Headed North to cool down a bit.

Jul 2017 - Sep 2017  »  United States | United Kingdom | Norway | Svalbard and Jan Mayen | Sweden | Estonia | Russia | Finland | Germany | Netherlands | Belgium | Ireland | Iceland | Greenland | Canada

Belfast City Trip DAY 1

by briancorbett

Belfast City Center Tour & The Titanic Museum

Jul 2017  »  United Kingdom | Ireland

Dublin City Trip DAY 2

by briancorbett

Dundalk, Carlingford & Kilmainham Jail, Dublin

Jul 2017  »  Ireland

Featured hotels in

Ireland

IrelandThe Shelbourne Dublin, A Renaissance Hotel 

27 St. Stephen's Green North
Dublin 2
Ireland

Price (US$): $266 - $1050 / night

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Location. Located in central Dublin, The Shelbourne Dublin, A Renaissance Hotel is a business friendly hotel within walking distance of National Museum of Ireland Archaeology and History, National Gallery of Ireland at Merrion Square, and St. Stephen's Green. Additional points of interest include Dame Street and Dublin Tourism Centre. Hotel Features. The Shelbourne Dublin, A Renaissance Hotel's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. 2 bars/lounges are open for drinks. Room service… more »

IrelandThe Cliff House Hotel 

Ardmore
Ardmore
Ireland

Price (US$): $296 - $538 / night

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Location. The Cliff House Hotel is located near the beach in Ardmore and close to St. Declan's Well, Ardmore Beach, and Ardmore Cathedral. Other area points of interest include Youghal Lighthouse and Youghal Golf Club. Hotel Features. Dining options at The Cliff House Hotel include 2 restaurants. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available. The hotel serves a complimentary cooked to order breakfast. Recreational amenities include an indoor pool, a spa tub, a sauna, a fitness… more »

IrelandThe Westbury Hotel 

Grafton Street
Dublin 2
Ireland

Price (US$): $294 - $429 / night

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Location. Located in central Dublin, The Westbury Hotel is steps from Powerscourt Townhouse, Gaiety Theatre, and Brown Thomas Flagship Store. Nearby points of interest also include St. Stephen's Green and Dublin Castle. Hotel Features. Dining options at The Westbury Hotel include a restaurant and a coffee shop/café. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include a fitness facility. This 5 star property has a business center and… more »

IrelandThe Ritz-Carlton, Powerscourt 

Powerscourt Estate
Enniskerry
Ireland

Price (US$): $255 - $376 / night

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Location. The Ritz Carlton, Powerscourt is a family friendly Enniskerry hotel in a rural location and close to Powerscourt Golf Club, Tara's Palace Museum of Childhood, and Powerscourt Estate. Additional points of interest include Knockrose House and Powerscourt Waterfall. Hotel Features. The Ritz Carlton, Powerscourt's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. 3 bars/lounges are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include a golf course.… more »

IrelandDruids Glen Resort 

Newtown Mount Kennedy
Newtownmountkennedy
Ireland

Price (US$): $148 - $222 / night

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Location. Located in Newtownmountkennedy, Druids Glen Resort is in the mountains and close to Druids Glen Golf Club, National Garden Exhibition Center, and Glenroe Open Farm. Additional area points of interest include Bray Golf Club and Killruddery House and Gardens. Hotel Features. Druids Glen Resort's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. A complimentary full breakfast is served each morning. Recreational… more »

Browse more hotels in Ireland »

Ireland

Full name
Éire
Capital
Dublin
Location

Western Europe, occupying five-sixths of the island of Ireland in the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Great Britain

Geographic coordinates

53 00 N, 8 00 W

Area comparative

slightly larger than West Virginia

Border countries

UK 360 km

Coastline

1,448 km

Climate

temperate maritime; modified by North Atlantic Current; mild winters, cool summers; consistently humid; overcast about half the time

Terrain

mostly level to rolling interior plain surrounded by rugged hills and low mountains; sea cliffs on west coast

Lowest point

Atlantic Ocean 0 m

Highest point

Carrauntoohil 1,041 m

Natural resources

natural gas, peat, copper, lead, zinc, silver, barite, gypsum, limestone, dolomite

Population

4,622,917 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

Irish 87.4%, other white 7.5%, Asian 1.3%, black 1.1%, mixed 1.1%, unspecified 1.6% (2006 census)

Religions

Roman Catholic 87.4%, Church of Ireland 2.9%, other Christian 1.9%, other 2.1%, unspecified 1.5%, none 4.2% (2006 census)

Languages

English (official) is the language generally used, Irish (Gaelic or Gaeilge) (official) spoken mainly in areas along the western coast

Government type

republic, parliamentary democracy

Independence

6 December 1921 (from the UK by treaty)

National holiday

Saint Patrick's Day, 17 March

Chief of state

President Mary MCALEESE (since 11 November 1997)

Head of government

Taoiseach (Prime Minister) Brian COWEN (since 7 May 2008)

Internet country code

.ie

Internet users

3.042 million (2009)

Airports

39 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Cork, Dublin, Shannon Foynes, Waterford

Other countries in the region