Travel and change of place impart new vigor to the mind.
— Seneca, 4 B.C. - 65 A.D.
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India

Background

India

The Indus Valley civilization, one of the world's oldest, flourished during the 3rd and 2nd millennia B.C. and extended into northwestern India. Aryan tribes from the northwest infiltrated onto the Indian subcontinent about 1500 B.C.; their merger with the earlier Dravidian inhabitants created the classical Indian culture. The Maurya Empire of the 4th and 3rd centuries B.C. - which reached its zenith under ASHOKA - united much of South Asia. The Golden Age ushered in by the Gupta dynasty (4th to 6th centuries A.D.) saw a flowering of Indian science, art, and culture. Islam spread across the subcontinent over a period of 700 years. In the 10th and 11th centuries, Turks and Afghans invaded India and established the Delhi Sultanate. In the early 16th century, the Emperor BABUR established the Mughal Dynasty which ruled India for more than three centuries. European explorers began establishing footholds in India during the 16th century. By the 19th century, Great Britain had become the dominant political power on the subcontinent. The British Indian Army played a vital role in both World Wars. Nonviolent resistance to British rule, led by Mohandas GANDHI and Jawaharlal NEHRU, eventually brought about independence in 1947. Communal violence led to the subcontinent's bloody partition, which resulted in the creation of two separate states, India and Pakistan. The two countries have fought three wars since independence, the last of which in 1971 resulted in East Pakistan becoming the separate nation of Bangladesh. India's nuclear weapons tests in 1998 caused Pakistan to conduct its own tests that same year. In November 2008, terrorists allegedly originating from Pakistan conducted a series of coordinated attacks in Mumbai, India's financial capital. Despite pressing problems such as significant overpopulation, environmental degradation, extensive poverty, and widespread corruption, rapid economic development is fueling India's rise on the world stage. In January 2011, India assumed a nonpermanent seat in the UN Security Council for the 2011-12 term.

About

India (Hindi: भारत) is the largest country in the Indian Subcontinent and shares borders with Pakistan to the west, China and Nepal to the north, Bhutan to the north-east, and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east. Sri Lanka, the Maldives and Indonesia lie to the south-east in the Indian Ocean. It is the seventh largest country in the world by area and, with over a billion people, is second only to China in population. It's an extremely diverse country, with vast differences in geography, climate, culture, language and ethnicity across its expanse, and prides itself on being the largest democracy on Earth.

Read more about India in our India travel guide »

Featured journals from

India

Roaming Without a Home

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My Life on My Back, The World at My Feet...

Jan 2014 - Aug 2014  »  China (People's Republic) | Nepal | India | Thailand

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by BrynMorgan

The Sun and the Moon, Snakes and a Sixty Year-old Mystery in the North East Frontier, India.

Mar 2012 - Apr 2012  »  India

Indian Summer 2015

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Volunteering with Restless Development in Tamil Nadu, India from June through to August

Jun 2015 - Jul 2015  »  United Kingdom | India

Jim Corbett National Park - A thrilling Destination for wildlife enthusiast

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This Is my first Travel Journal at traveljournal.com. and this is based on a real life experience.

Feb 2013  »  India

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Dec 2013 - Jan 2014  »  India

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Assam is a north eastern state in India. Assam is surrounded by seven states and is known for its tea and silk and even the first oil well in Asia was drilled here.

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I'm travel professional. I love to travel and write my experience on Travel, Adventure trip and backpacking.

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cheap web hosting services in India

by LiveMNC.com

LiveMNC is one of the best cheap web hosting services provider company in India. We have wide range of web hosting plan suitable for your business. Address ~ 200, BASSI, Near Agra Road, Jaipur~05, Rajasthan India 303305 We Craft Stunning Websites, App and Digital Marketing. http://livemnc.com/ http://development.livemnc.com/ http://livemnc-com.webnode.com/services/ https://livemnc.wordpress.com/blog/ https://livemncblog.wordpress.com/ Call: + 91-9461234545 |(Multi-channel)(www.LiveMNC.com)

Mar 1998  »  India

Featured hotels in

India

IndiaTrident, Bhubaneswar 

Cb-i Nayapalli
Bhubaneshwar 751 013
India

Price (US$): $121 - $122 / night

Check rates »

Location. Trident, Bhubaneswar is located in central Bhubaneshwar and local attractions include Orissa State Museum, Khandagiri Caves, and Bindu Sagar. Additional area points of interest include Muktesvara Temple and Rajarani Temple. Hotel Features. Trident, Bhubaneswar's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool. This 5 star property has a business center and… more »

IndiaWellness By Nature Spa & Resort 

Ghatti-Basot Road, Village Jehad
Midway between Corbett-Ranikhet
Bhatrojkhan
India

Price (US$): $185 - $186 / night

Check rates »

Location. Located in Bhatrojkhan, Wellness By Nature Spa & Resort is in the mountains.  more »

IndiaWaterstones Hotel 

Off International Airport Approach Road
Marol, Andheri - East
Mumbai 400059
India

Price (US$): $177 - $292 / night

Check rates »

Location. Near the airport, Waterstones Hotel is located in Mumbai's North Mumbai Business District neighborhood and close to MIDC Industrial Estate, Hiranandani Business Park Powai, and U. S. Consulate. Additional points of interest include Powai Lake and Santacruz Electronic Export Processing Zone. Hotel Features. Dining options at Waterstones Hotel include 3 restaurants. 2 bars/lounges and a poolside bar are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves a… more »

IndiaSheraton Bangalore Hotel at Brigade Gateway 

26/1 Dr Rajkumar Road, Malleswaram
Rajajinagar,Near Metro Cash & Carry
Bengaluru 560055
India

Price (US$): $298 - $391 / night

Check rates »

Location. Near the airport, Sheraton Bangalore Hotel at Brigade Gateway is located in Bengaluru's Yeshwanthpur neighborhood and close to ISKCON Temple, Indian Institute of Science, and Race Course Road. Additional points of interest include Bangalore Palace and Jawaharlal Nehru Planetarium. Hotel Features. Dining options at Sheraton Bangalore Hotel at Brigade Gateway include 3 restaurants. A poolside bar and a bar/lounge are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The… more »

IndiaSwissotel Kolkata 

City Center New Town
Action Area 2D, Plot No. 11/5
Kolkata 700157
India

Price (US$): $130 - $176 / night

Check rates »

Location. Swissotel Kolkata is located in Kolkata and near the airport. Salt Lake City Centre Mall, Salt Lake Stadium, and Nicco Park are local attractions. Other area points of interest include Ratan Babu Ghat and Kumartuli Ghat. Hotel Features. Dining options at Swissotel Kolkata include 2 restaurants. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves buffet breakfasts each morning (surcharges apply). There is a full service health spa on site.… more »

Browse more hotels in India »

India

Full name
Republic of India
Capital
New Delhi
Location

Southern Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal, between Burma and Pakistan

Geographic coordinates

20 00 N, 77 00 E

Area comparative

slightly more than one-third the size of the US

Border countries

Bangladesh 4,053 km, Bhutan 605 km, Burma 1,463 km, China 3,380 km, Nepal 1,690 km, Pakistan 2,912 km

Coastline

7,000 km

Climate

varies from tropical monsoon in south to temperate in north

Terrain

upland plain (Deccan Plateau) in south, flat to rolling plain along the Ganges, deserts in west, Himalayas in north

Lowest point

Indian Ocean 0 m

Highest point

Kanchenjunga 8,598 m

Natural resources

coal (fourth-largest reserves in the world), iron ore, manganese, mica, bauxite, rare earth elements, titanium ore, chromite, natural gas, diamonds, petroleum, limestone, arable land

Population

1,173,108,018 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

Indo-Aryan 72%, Dravidian 25%, Mongoloid and other 3% (2000)

Religions

Hindu 80.5%, Muslim 13.4%, Christian 2.3%, Sikh 1.9%, other 1.8%, unspecified 0.1% (2001 census)

Languages

Hindi 41%, Bengali 8.1%, Telugu 7.2%, Marathi 7%, Tamil 5.9%, Urdu 5%, Gujarati 4.5%, Kannada 3.7%, Malayalam 3.2%, Oriya 3.2%, Punjabi 2.8%, Assamese 1.3%, Maithili 1.2%, other 5.9%

Government type

federal republic

Independence

15 August 1947 (from the UK)

National holiday

Republic Day, 26 January (1950)

Chief of state

President Pratibha Devisingh PATIL (since 25 July 2007); Vice President Mohammad Hamid ANSARI (since 11 August 2007)

Head of government

Prime Minister Manmohan SINGH (since 22 May 2004)

Internet country code

.in

Internet users

61.338 million (2009)

Airports

352 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Chennai, Jawaharal Nehru, Kandla, Kolkata (Calcutta), Mumbai (Bombay), Sikka, Vishakhapatnam

Other countries in the region