Auto racing, bull fighting, and mountain climbing are the only real sports... all others are games.
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Indonesia

Background

Indonesia

The Dutch began to colonize Indonesia in the early 17th century; Japan occupied the islands from 1942 to 1945. Indonesia declared its independence after Japan's surrender, but it required four years of intermittent negotiations, recurring hostilities, and UN mediation before the Netherlands agreed to transfer sovereignty in 1949. Free and fair legislative elections took place in 1999 after decades of repressive rule. Indonesia is now the world's third most populous democracy, the world's largest archipelagic state, and home to the world's largest Muslim population. Current issues include alleviating poverty, improving education, preventing terrorism, consolidating democracy after four decades of authoritarianism, implementing economic and financial reforms, stemming corruption, holding the military and police accountable for human rights violations, addressing climate change, and controlling avian influenza. In 2005, Indonesia reached a historic peace agreement with armed separatists in Aceh, which led to democratic elections in Aceh in December 2006. Indonesia continues to face low intensity armed resistance by the separatist Free Papua Movement.

About

Indonesia straddles the Equator between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean. While it has land borders with Malaysia to the north as well as East Timor and Papua New Guinea to the east, it also neighbors Australia to the south, and Palau, the Philippines, Vietnam, Singapore, and Thailand to the north, India to the northwest.

Read more about Indonesia in our Indonesia travel guide »

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Featured hotels in

Indonesia

IndonesiaThe Khayangan Dreams Villa Seminyak 

Jl. Lebak Sari No.27
Petitenget
Seminyak 80361
Indonesia

Price (US$): $260 - $261 / night

Check rates »

Location. The Khayangan Dreams Villa Seminyak is located near the beach in Seminyak's Petitenget neighborhood and close to Seminyak Square, Legian Beach, and TAKSU Bali Gallery. Nearby points of interest also include Petitenget Temple and Seminyak Beach. Property Features. Complimentary shuttle services include a roundtrip airport shuttle (available 24 hours) and an area shuttle. Guest parking is complimentary. Complimentary wireless Internet access is available in public areas. The… more »

IndonesiaRedDoor Bali 

Jalan Pantai Pererenan
Banjar Pengembungan
Canggu 80531
Indonesia

Location. RedDoor Bali is located in Canggu, close to Canggu Beach, Seminyak Square, and Berawa Beach. Nearby points of interest also include Petitenget Temple and TAKSU Bali Gallery. Hotel Features. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool. There is a full service health spa on site. Complimentary wireless Internet access is available in public areas. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Guest parking is complimentary. Wedding services and tour/ticket assistance are available.… more »

IndonesiaBali Hyatt 

Jl Danau Tamblingan 89
Sanur 80228
Indonesia

Price (US$): $180 - $364 / night

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Location. Bali Hyatt is located on the beach in Sanur, close to British Honorary Consulate, Sanur Beach, and Honorary Consulate of Hungary. Other points of interest near this luxury resort include Honorary Consulate of Germany and Honorary Consulate of the Czech Republic. Resort Features. Dining options at Bali Hyatt include a coffee shop/cafĂ© and a snack bar/deli. A beach bar and a swim up bar are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The resort serves buffet… more »

IndonesiaBali Island Villas & Spa 

Jl. Raya Petitenget 469
Seminyak 80361
Indonesia

Price (US$): $239 - $314 / night

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Location. Connected to the airport, Bali Island Villas & Spa is located in Seminyak's Petitenget neighborhood and close to TAKSU Bali Gallery, Honorary Consulate of Brazil, and Honorary Consulate of Malaysia. Nearby points of interest also include Seminyak Square and Legian Beach. Property Features. Bali Island Villas & Spa's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. Room service is available during limited hours. The villa serves a complimentary cooked to order breakfast. Recreational… more »

IndonesiaKeraton at The Plaza, a Luxury Collection Hotel, Jakarta 

Jl MH Thamrin Kav 15
Jakarta 10350
Indonesia

Price (US$): $290 - $520 / night

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Location. Located in central Jakarta, Keraton at The Plaza, a Luxury Collection Hotel, Jakarta is a business friendly hotel within walking distance of Plaza Indonesia and Bundaran Hi. Additional points of interest include National Monument and Jakarta Cathedral. Hotel Features. Keraton at The Plaza, a Luxury Collection Hotel, Jakarta's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves buffet breakfasts… more »

Browse more hotels in Indonesia »

Indonesia

Full name
Republic of Indonesia
Capital
Jakarta
Location

Southeastern Asia, archipelago between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean

Geographic coordinates

5 00 S, 120 00 E

Area comparative

slightly less than three times the size of Texas

Border countries

Timor-Leste 228 km, Malaysia 1,782 km, Papua New Guinea 820 km

Coastline

54,716 km

Climate

tropical; hot, humid; more moderate in highlands

Terrain

mostly coastal lowlands; larger islands have interior mountains

Lowest point

Indian Ocean 0 m

Highest point

Puncak Jaya 5,030 m

Natural resources

petroleum, tin, natural gas, nickel, timber, bauxite, copper, fertile soils, coal, gold, silver

Population

242,968,342 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

Javanese 40.6%, Sundanese 15%, Madurese 3.3%, Minangkabau 2.7%, Betawi 2.4%, Bugis 2.4%, Banten 2%, Banjar 1.7%, other or unspecified 29.9% (2000 census)

Religions

Muslim 86.1%, Protestant 5.7%, Roman Catholic 3%, Hindu 1.8%, other or unspecified 3.4% (2000 census)

Languages

Bahasa Indonesia (official, modified form of Malay), English, Dutch, local dialects (the most widely spoken of which is Javanese)

Government type

republic

Independence

17 August 1945 (declared); 27 December 1949 (by the Netherlands); note - in August 2005 the Netherlands announced that it had recognized de facto Indonesian independence on 17 August 1945

National holiday

Independence Day, 17 August (1945)

Chief of state

President Susilo Bambang YUDHOYONO (since 20 October 2004); Vice President BOEDIONO (since 20 October 2009); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

Head of government

President Susilo Bambang YUDHOYONO (since 20 October 2004); Vice President BOEDIONO (since 20 October 2009)

Internet country code

.id

Internet users

20 million (2009)

Airports

684 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Banjarmasin, Belawan, Kotabaru, Krueg Geukueh, Palembang, Panjang, Sungai Pakning, Tanjung Perak, Tanjung Priok

Other countries in the region