A traveler without observation is a bird without wings.
— Moslih Eddin Saadi, 1184 - 1283
EN
EN

Indonesia

Background

Indonesia

The Dutch began to colonize Indonesia in the early 17th century; Japan occupied the islands from 1942 to 1945. Indonesia declared its independence after Japan's surrender, but it required four years of intermittent negotiations, recurring hostilities, and UN mediation before the Netherlands agreed to transfer sovereignty in 1949. Free and fair legislative elections took place in 1999 after decades of repressive rule. Indonesia is now the world's third most populous democracy, the world's largest archipelagic state, and home to the world's largest Muslim population. Current issues include alleviating poverty, improving education, preventing terrorism, consolidating democracy after four decades of authoritarianism, implementing economic and financial reforms, stemming corruption, holding the military and police accountable for human rights violations, addressing climate change, and controlling avian influenza. In 2005, Indonesia reached a historic peace agreement with armed separatists in Aceh, which led to democratic elections in Aceh in December 2006. Indonesia continues to face low intensity armed resistance by the separatist Free Papua Movement.

About

Indonesia straddles the Equator between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean. While it has land borders with Malaysia to the north as well as East Timor and Papua New Guinea to the east, it also neighbors Australia to the south, and Palau, the Philippines, Vietnam, Singapore, and Thailand to the north, India to the northwest.

Read more about Indonesia in our Indonesia travel guide »

Featured journals from

Indonesia

Is the idealism between work and life balance actually exist?

by estyindra

Euro Trip Trilogy - part 1 (Summer 2006), part 2 (Autumn 2012) and part 3 (Spring 2013)

Sep 2012 - Apr 2013  »  Netherlands | Indonesia | Germany | Switzerland | Belgium | Austria

Beckys Bali Adventures

by corks93

Play time before I join the "real life world of working people"!!

May 2015 - Jun 2015  »  Indonesia

Indonesia

by Donn_Ritchie

May 2013 - Jun 2013  »  Indonesia

Indonesia

by Jordi

Apr 2010 - May 2010  »  Spain | Indonesia

Bali Villas Umalas

by easyvillasbali

Easy Villas Bali Luxury Bali Villas, Umalas Vacation Villas

Dec 2013  »  Indonesia

Featured hotels in

Indonesia

IndonesiaThe Bali Khama Beach Resort & Spa 

Jl. Pratama, Tanjung Benoa
Nusa Dua 80363
Indonesia

Price (US$): $119 - $321 / night

Check rates »

Location. The Bali Khama Beach Resort & Spa is located on the beach in Nusa Dua's Tanjung Benoa neighborhood, close to Turtle Island, Nusa Dua Beach, and Benoa Harbour. Other points of interest near this luxury resort include Bali International Convention Center and Veteran's Monument. Resort Features. The Bali Khama Beach Resort & Spa's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A poolside bar and a bar/lounge are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The resort… more »

IndonesiaAmana Villas Seminyak 

Jalan Wirasaba No 5
Off Jalan Kayu Aya
Seminyak 80361
Indonesia

Price (US$): $330 - $454 / night

Check rates »

Location. Amana Villas Seminyak is located near the beach in Seminyak's Petitenget neighborhood and close to Seminyak Square, Kuta Beach, and Legian Beach. Nearby points of interest also include TAKSU Bali Gallery and Petitenget Temple. Resort Features. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool. Spa amenities include massage/treatment rooms, facials, and beauty services. Complimentary wireless Internet access is available in public areas. Room service is available during limited hours.… more »

IndonesiaRedDoor Bali 

Jalan Pantai Pererenan
Banjar Pengembungan
Canggu 80531
Indonesia

Location. RedDoor Bali is located in Canggu, close to Canggu Beach, Seminyak Square, and Berawa Beach. Nearby points of interest also include Petitenget Temple and TAKSU Bali Gallery. Hotel Features. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool. There is a full service health spa on site. Complimentary wireless Internet access is available in public areas. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Guest parking is complimentary. Wedding services and tour/ticket assistance are available.… more »

IndonesiaKamuela Villas Seminyak 

Jl. Bali Deli
Seminyak 80361
Indonesia

Price (US$): $195 - $257 / night

Check rates »

Location. Kamuela Villas Seminyak is located in Seminyak, close to Seminyak Beach, Kuta Beach, and Seminyak Square. Nearby points of interest also include Legian Beach and Double Six Beach. Hotel Features. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool. Spa amenities include spa services, massage/treatment rooms, and body treatments. Complimentary wireless Internet access is available in public areas. Room service is available. The hotel serves a complimentary continental breakfast. The… more »

IndonesiaVilla Aya 

Jalan Laksamana Seminyak
Seminyak 80361
Indonesia

Price (US$): $165 - $264 / night

Check rates »

Location. Villa Aya is located in Seminyak's Petitenget neighborhood, close to Seminyak Square, Kuta Beach, and Legian Beach. Nearby points of interest also include TAKSU Bali Gallery and Seminyak Beach. Property Features. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool. There is a full service health spa on site. Complimentary wireless Internet access is available in public areas. The property has a complimentary area shuttle which runs to destinations within 3 km. Guest parking is… more »

Browse more hotels in Indonesia »

Indonesia

Full name
Republic of Indonesia
Capital
Jakarta
Location

Southeastern Asia, archipelago between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean

Geographic coordinates

5 00 S, 120 00 E

Area comparative

slightly less than three times the size of Texas

Border countries

Timor-Leste 228 km, Malaysia 1,782 km, Papua New Guinea 820 km

Coastline

54,716 km

Climate

tropical; hot, humid; more moderate in highlands

Terrain

mostly coastal lowlands; larger islands have interior mountains

Lowest point

Indian Ocean 0 m

Highest point

Puncak Jaya 5,030 m

Natural resources

petroleum, tin, natural gas, nickel, timber, bauxite, copper, fertile soils, coal, gold, silver

Population

242,968,342 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

Javanese 40.6%, Sundanese 15%, Madurese 3.3%, Minangkabau 2.7%, Betawi 2.4%, Bugis 2.4%, Banten 2%, Banjar 1.7%, other or unspecified 29.9% (2000 census)

Religions

Muslim 86.1%, Protestant 5.7%, Roman Catholic 3%, Hindu 1.8%, other or unspecified 3.4% (2000 census)

Languages

Bahasa Indonesia (official, modified form of Malay), English, Dutch, local dialects (the most widely spoken of which is Javanese)

Government type

republic

Independence

17 August 1945 (declared); 27 December 1949 (by the Netherlands); note - in August 2005 the Netherlands announced that it had recognized de facto Indonesian independence on 17 August 1945

National holiday

Independence Day, 17 August (1945)

Chief of state

President Susilo Bambang YUDHOYONO (since 20 October 2004); Vice President BOEDIONO (since 20 October 2009); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

Head of government

President Susilo Bambang YUDHOYONO (since 20 October 2004); Vice President BOEDIONO (since 20 October 2009)

Internet country code

.id

Internet users

20 million (2009)

Airports

684 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Banjarmasin, Belawan, Kotabaru, Krueg Geukueh, Palembang, Panjang, Sungai Pakning, Tanjung Perak, Tanjung Priok

Other countries in the region