The journey is my home.
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Indonesia

Background

Indonesia

The Dutch began to colonize Indonesia in the early 17th century; Japan occupied the islands from 1942 to 1945. Indonesia declared its independence after Japan's surrender, but it required four years of intermittent negotiations, recurring hostilities, and UN mediation before the Netherlands agreed to transfer sovereignty in 1949. Free and fair legislative elections took place in 1999 after decades of repressive rule. Indonesia is now the world's third most populous democracy, the world's largest archipelagic state, and home to the world's largest Muslim population. Current issues include alleviating poverty, improving education, preventing terrorism, consolidating democracy after four decades of authoritarianism, implementing economic and financial reforms, stemming corruption, holding the military and police accountable for human rights violations, addressing climate change, and controlling avian influenza. In 2005, Indonesia reached a historic peace agreement with armed separatists in Aceh, which led to democratic elections in Aceh in December 2006. Indonesia continues to face low intensity armed resistance by the separatist Free Papua Movement.

About

Indonesia straddles the Equator between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean. While it has land borders with Malaysia to the north as well as East Timor and Papua New Guinea to the east, it also neighbors Australia to the south, and Palau, the Philippines, Vietnam, Singapore, and Thailand to the north, India to the northwest.

Read more about Indonesia in our Indonesia travel guide »

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Indonesia

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Featured hotels in

Indonesia

IndonesiaAMANJIWO 

Borobudur Magelang
Central Java
Yogyakarta 56501
Indonesia

Price (US$): $850 - $1150 / night

Check rates »

Amanjiwo Rests In The Rual Heartland Of Central Java. One Hours Drive From Yogyakarta Airport, And A Scenic Two Hours From Solo Airport. Amanjiwo Looks Out Onto Borobudur, The Largest Buddhist Sanctuary In The World. Amanjiwo's Major Architectural Motif Of Circles And Squares And Crescents Pays Homage To Borobudur. Amanjiwo's Main Building Is Framed By 35 Suites, Arrayed In Two Deep Crescents. These Are Rimmed By High Limestone Walls, With Fifteen Suites Offering Private Swimming Pools. more »

IndonesiaThe Papandayan 

Jalan Gatot Subroto 83
Bandung 40262
Indonesia

Price (US$): $129 - $130 / night

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Location. The Papandayan is located in Bandung, close to Trans Studio Bandung, Bandung Supermall, and Merdeka Building. Nearby points of interest also include Braga City Walk and St. Peter's Cathedral. Hotel Features. Dining options at The Papandayan include 3 restaurants. A swim up bar and a bar/lounge are open for drinks. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool and a health club. This 4.5 star property offers small meeting rooms, technology support staff, and audiovisual equipment.… more »

IndonesiaSudamala Suites & Villas 

Jl. Sudamala No. 20
Sanur 80227
Indonesia

Price (US$): $239 - $319 / night

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Location. Located in Sanur, Sudamala Suites & Villas is near the sea and close to British Honorary Consulate, Sanur Beach, and Consulate Agency of France. Nearby points of interest also include Honorary Consulate of the Czech Republic and Honorary Consulate of Chile. Resort Features. Sudamala Suites & Villas's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available during limited hours. The resort serves a complimentary breakfast.… more »

IndonesiaThe Stones Hotel, Autograph Collection 

Jl. Raya Pantai Kuta
Banjar Legian Kelod
Kuta 80361
Indonesia

Price (US$): $265 - $366 / night

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Location. Located in Kuta, The Stones Hotel, Autograph Collection is near the airport and close to Kuta Beach, Honorary Consulate of Malaysia, and Honorary Consulate of Brazil. Nearby points of interest also include Tuban Beach and Legian Beach. Hotel Features. Dining options at The Stones Hotel, Autograph Collection include 3 restaurants. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool and a fitness facility. The property's full service health spa… more »

IndonesiaChapung SeBali Resort and Spa 

Jl. Raya Sebali No. 5 Keliki
Tegalalang
Ubud 80561
Indonesia

Price (US$): $242 - $458 / night

Check rates »

Location. Chapung SeBali Resort and Spa is located in Ubud, close to Botanic Garden Ubud, Ubud Monkey Forest, and Gaya Art Space. Nearby points of interest also include Seniwati Gallery of Art by Women and Neka Art Museum. Hotel Features. Chapung SeBali Resort and Spa's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. The hotel serves a complimentary buffet breakfast. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool. The property's full service health spa has body treatments, massage/treatment… more »

Browse more hotels in Indonesia »

Indonesia

Full name
Republic of Indonesia
Capital
Jakarta
Location

Southeastern Asia, archipelago between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean

Geographic coordinates

5 00 S, 120 00 E

Area comparative

slightly less than three times the size of Texas

Border countries

Timor-Leste 228 km, Malaysia 1,782 km, Papua New Guinea 820 km

Coastline

54,716 km

Climate

tropical; hot, humid; more moderate in highlands

Terrain

mostly coastal lowlands; larger islands have interior mountains

Lowest point

Indian Ocean 0 m

Highest point

Puncak Jaya 5,030 m

Natural resources

petroleum, tin, natural gas, nickel, timber, bauxite, copper, fertile soils, coal, gold, silver

Population

242,968,342 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

Javanese 40.6%, Sundanese 15%, Madurese 3.3%, Minangkabau 2.7%, Betawi 2.4%, Bugis 2.4%, Banten 2%, Banjar 1.7%, other or unspecified 29.9% (2000 census)

Religions

Muslim 86.1%, Protestant 5.7%, Roman Catholic 3%, Hindu 1.8%, other or unspecified 3.4% (2000 census)

Languages

Bahasa Indonesia (official, modified form of Malay), English, Dutch, local dialects (the most widely spoken of which is Javanese)

Government type

republic

Independence

17 August 1945 (declared); 27 December 1949 (by the Netherlands); note - in August 2005 the Netherlands announced that it had recognized de facto Indonesian independence on 17 August 1945

National holiday

Independence Day, 17 August (1945)

Chief of state

President Susilo Bambang YUDHOYONO (since 20 October 2004); Vice President BOEDIONO (since 20 October 2009); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

Head of government

President Susilo Bambang YUDHOYONO (since 20 October 2004); Vice President BOEDIONO (since 20 October 2009)

Internet country code

.id

Internet users

20 million (2009)

Airports

684 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Banjarmasin, Belawan, Kotabaru, Krueg Geukueh, Palembang, Panjang, Sungai Pakning, Tanjung Perak, Tanjung Priok

Other countries in the region