Long voyages, great lies.
— Italian proverb
EN
EN

Guatemala

Background

Guatemala

The Mayan civilization flourished in Guatemala and surrounding regions during the first millennium A.D. After almost three centuries as a Spanish colony, Guatemala won its independence in 1821. During the second half of the 20th century, it experienced a variety of military and civilian governments, as well as a 36-year guerrilla war. In 1996, the government signed a peace agreement formally ending the conflict, which had left more than 100,000 people dead and had created, by some estimates, some 1 million refugees.

About

Guatemala is a country in the Central America region of North America. It has borders to Mexico in the north/northwest, to Belize in the northeast, to Honduras in the southeast, to El Salvador in the south. It has a Pacific coastline to the southwest, and a tiny piece of Caribbean coastline to the east.

Read more about Guatemala in our Guatemala travel guide »

Featured journals from

Guatemala

Oxlajuj B'atz' U.S. Rug Hooking Exhibition

by ThirteenThreads

Maya Culture Meets the Mid-West

Sep 2011  »  Guatemala | United States

Backpacking Central & South America

by 2Backpackers

First long-term trip from August 2009 through July 2010

Sep 2009  »  Guatemala

Guatemala

by cindyturner

A semester in Guatemala to learn a language, engage and work with new people in a new community, and be immersed in a different culture.

Jan 2014 - Mar 2014  »  Guatemala

Featured hotels in

Guatemala

GuatemalaThe Westin Camino Real 

Calle Camino Real 0-20, Zona 10
Guatemala City 01010
Guatemala

Price (US$): $159 - $199 / night

Check rates »

Location. The Westin Camino Real is a business friendly hotel located in Guatemala City's Zona Viva neighborhood, close to El Obelisco, La Aurora Zoo, and Francisco Marroquin University. Additional points of interest include Torre del Reformador and Universidad del Valle de Guatemala. Hotel Features. The Westin Camino Real's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool… more »

GuatemalaHotel Vista Real Guatemala 

Prolongacion Boulevard Los Proceres
KM 9, Zona 15
Guatemala City 01001
Guatemala

Price (US$): $129 - $130 / night

Check rates »

Location. Located in Guatemala City, Hotel Vista Real Guatemala is near the airport and close to Universidad del Valle de Guatemala, El Obelisco, and Francisco Marroquin University. Other area points of interest include La Aurora Zoo and Torre del Reformador. Hotel Features. Hotel Vista Real Guatemala's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves buffet breakfasts each morning in the restaurant… more »

GuatemalaHotel La Reunion Golf Resort & Residences 

Km 91.5 CA 14 road to Antigua Guatemala
Alotenango 03001
Guatemala

Price (US$): $372 - $800 / night

Check rates »

Location. Hotel La Reunion Golf Resort & Residences is a business friendly Alotenango resort in the mountains and local attractions include Volcan de Fuego and Acatenango. Other regional attractions include Volcan de Agua and Parque Central. Resort Features. In addition to 2 restaurants, Hotel La Reunion Golf Resort & Residences offers a snack bar/deli and a coffee shop/cafĂ©. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available. Recreational amenities include a golf course. Also… more »

GuatemalaBarcelo Guatemala City 

7 Avenida 15-45, Zona 9
Guatemala City 01009
Guatemala

Price (US$): $120 - $170 / night

Check rates »

Location. Near the airport, Barcelo Guatemala City is located in Guatemala City's Zona Viva neighborhood and close to El Obelisco, La Aurora Zoo, and Francisco Marroquin University. Additional points of interest include Torre del Reformador and Estadio Nacional Mateo Flores. Hotel Features. Dining options at Barcelo Guatemala City include 3 restaurants. A poolside bar and a bar/lounge are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves buffet breakfasts… more »

GuatemalaReal InterContinental Guatemala 

14 Calle 2-51 Zona 10
Guatemala City
Guatemala

Price (US$): $168 - $228 / night

Check rates »

Location. Real InterContinental Guatemala is a business friendly hotel located in Guatemala City's Zona Viva neighborhood, close to El Obelisco, Francisco Marroquin University, and La Aurora Zoo. Additional points of interest include Torre del Reformador and Universidad del Valle de Guatemala. Hotel Features. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool and a fitness facility. This 4.5 star property has a business center and offers small meeting rooms, secretarial services, and audiovisual… more »

Browse more hotels in Guatemala »

Guatemala

Full name
Republic of Guatemala
Capital
Guatemala City
Location

Central America, bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between El Salvador and Mexico, and bordering the Gulf of Honduras (Caribbean Sea) between Honduras and Belize

Geographic coordinates

15 30 N, 90 15 W

Area comparative

slightly smaller than Tennessee

Border countries

Belize 266 km, El Salvador 203 km, Honduras 256 km, Mexico 962 km

Coastline

400 km

Climate

tropical; hot, humid in lowlands; cooler in highlands

Terrain

mostly mountains with narrow coastal plains and rolling limestone plateau

Lowest point

Pacific Ocean 0 m

Highest point

Volcan Tajumulco 4,211 m

Natural resources

petroleum, nickel, rare woods, fish, chicle, hydropower

Population

13,550,440 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

Mestizo (mixed Amerindian-Spanish - in local Spanish called Ladino) and European 59.4%, K'iche 9.1%, Kaqchikel 8.4%, Mam 7.9%, Q'eqchi 6.3%, other Mayan 8.6%, indigenous non-Mayan 0.2%, other 0.1% (2001 census)

Religions

Roman Catholic, Protestant, indigenous Mayan beliefs

Languages

Spanish (official) 60%, Amerindian languages 40% (23 officially recognized Amerindian languages, including Quiche, Cakchiquel, Kekchi, Mam, Garifuna, and Xinca)

Government type

constitutional democratic republic

Independence

15 September 1821 (from Spain)

National holiday

Independence Day, 15 September (1821)

Chief of state

President Alvaro COLOM Caballeros (since 14 January 2008); Vice President Jose Rafael ESPADA (since 14 January 2008); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

Head of government

President Alvaro COLOM Caballeros (since 14 January 2008); Vice President Jose Rafael ESPADA (since 14 January 2008)

Internet country code

.gt

Internet users

2.279 million (2009)

Airports

372 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Puerto Quetzal, Santo Tomas de Castilla

Other countries in the region