They change their climate, not their soul, who rush across the sea.
— Horace, 65 - 8 B.C.




Greece achieved independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1829. During the second half of the 19th century and the first half of the 20th century, it gradually added neighboring islands and territories, most with Greek-speaking populations. In World War II, Greece was first invaded by Italy (1940) and subsequently occupied by Germany (1941-44); fighting endured in a protracted civil war between supporters of the king and other anti-Communists and Communist rebels. Following the latter's defeat in 1949, Greece joined NATO in 1952. In 1967, a group of military officers seized power, establishing a military dictatorship that suspended many political liberties and forced the king to flee the country. In 1974, democratic elections and a referendum created a parliamentary republic and abolished the monarchy. In 1981, Greece joined the EC (now the EU); it became the 12th member of the European Economic and Monetary Union in 2001. In 2010, the prospect of a Greek default on its euro-denominated debt created severe strains within the EMU and raised the question of whether a member country might voluntarily leave the common currency or be removed.


Greece (Ελλάς, Hellas) is a country in Southern Europe, on the southernmost tip of the Balkan peninsula, with extensive coastlines and islands in the Aegean, Ionian, and Mediterranean Seas. It shares borders in the north with Albania, the Republic of Macedonia, Bulgaria, and Turkey. It has an ancient culture that has had a significant influence on the arts, language, philosophy, politics, and sports of western society, including the genres of comedy and drama, western alphabets, Platonic ideals and the Socratic method, democracies and republics, and the Olympics. Furthermore it's a geographically appealing place to visit, with a mountainous mainland and idyllic island beaches.

Read more about Greece in our Greece travel guide »

Featured journals from


One Month in Greece

by TremontBruce

(two days of rain)

Jun 2013 - Jul 2013  »  Greece

Paralos Yachts

by ParalosYachts

Yachts, Bareboats and Sailing Boat Vacation in Greek Islands

Jan 2017  »  Greece

Spin the globe....summer 2018

by madjeanne

Temperature hit 100, gotta go!

May 2018 - Jul 2018  »  United States | Italy | Croatia | Montenegro | Greece | Turkey | Malta | Spain | France | Monaco

Greece 2008

by erezarmo

Sep 2010 - Sep 2008  »  Greece

Featured hotels in


GreeceDomotel Xenia Volou 

Plastira 1
Volos 380 01

Price (US$): $142 - $192 / night

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Location. Domotel Xenia Volou is located on the beach in central Volos, close to Volos General Hospital, Archaeological Museum of Volos, and Volos Port. Other points of interest near this luxury hotel include Volos Town Hall and Volos Municipal Theatre. Hotel Features. Dining options at Domotel Xenia Volou include a restaurant and a coffee shop/cafĂ©. A poolside bar and a bar/lounge are open for drinks. Recreational amenities include a fitness facility. There is a full service health spa on… more »

Greece9 Muses Santorini Resort 

Perivolos Emporiou
Santorini 87400

Price (US$): $204 - $357 / night

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Location. 9 Muses Santorini Resort is located near the beach in Santorini's Perivolos neighborhood and close to Perivolos Beach, Vlychada Beach, and Museum of Minerals and Fossils. Nearby points of interest also include Perissa Beach and Ancient Thira. Hotel Features. 9 Muses Santorini Resort features a restaurant, a poolside bar, and a bar/lounge. Room service is available. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, a children's pool, a spa tub, a sauna, and a fitness facility. This 5… more »

GreeceLa Marquise Luxury Resort Complex 

Rhodes 85100

Price (US$): $113 - $403 / night

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Location. La Marquise Luxury Resort Complex is located on the beach in Rhodes's Kallithea neighborhood, close to Water Park Faliraki, Kallithea Beach, and Kallithea Springs. Other points of interest near this luxury hotel include Faliraki Beach and Anthony Quinn Bay. Hotel Features. La Marquise Luxury Resort Complex features 3 poolside bars, a beach bar, a bar/lounge, and a snack bar/deli. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves a complimentary full breakfast each morning… more »


21 Xanthoudidou Street
Crete 74100

Price (US$): $161 - $390 / night

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An architectural gem in the heart of 16th century Rethymnon in Crete Masterfully encapsulating the history of Rethymnon Old Town, Rimondi Estate is a haven of sophistication with 12 stunning suites that reflect Venetian, Ottoman and contemporary decorative styles. An outdoor pool, an inviting pool bar serving snacks throughout the day, a spa and Jacuzzi are just a few of the luxuries guests return to having passed the time at the nearby beach, fortress or museums. Near Rimondi Estate… more »

GreeceSanta Marina Resort & Villas 

Ornos Bay
Mykonos 84600

Price (US$): $257 - $1775 / night

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Location. Santa Marina Resort & Villas is located on the beach in Mykonos's Ornos neighborhood, close to Ornos Beach, Psarou Beach, and Paradise Beach. Other points of interest near this luxury hotel include Super Paradise Beach and Windmills of Mykonos. Hotel Features. Santa Marina Resort & Villas features a restaurant, a poolside bar, and a bar/lounge. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, a health club, a sauna, and a steam room. The… more »

Browse more hotels in Greece »


Full name
Hellenic Republic

Southern Europe, bordering the Aegean Sea, Ionian Sea, and the Mediterranean Sea, between Albania and Turkey

Geographic coordinates

39 00 N, 22 00 E

Area comparative

slightly smaller than Alabama

Border countries

Albania 282 km, Bulgaria 494 km, Turkey 206 km, Macedonia 246 km


13,676 km


temperate; mild, wet winters; hot, dry summers


mostly mountains with ranges extending into the sea as peninsulas or chains of islands

Lowest point

Mediterranean Sea 0 m

Highest point

Mount Olympus 2,917 m

Natural resources

lignite, petroleum, iron ore, bauxite, lead, zinc, nickel, magnesite, marble, salt, hydropower potential


10,749,943 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

population Greek 93%, other (foreign citizens) 7% (2001 census)


Greek Orthodox 98%, Muslim 1.3%, other 0.7%


Greek 99% (official), other 1% (includes English and French)

Government type

parliamentary republic


1829 (from the Ottoman Empire)

National holiday

Independence Day, 25 March (1821)

Chief of state

President Karolos PAPOULIAS (since 12 March 2005)

Head of government

Prime Minister Georgios Andreas PAPANDREOU (since 6 October 2009)

Internet country code


Internet users

4.971 million (2009)


81 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Agioi Theodoroi, Aspropyrgos, Pachi, Piraeus, Thessaloniki

Other countries in the region