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Greece

Background

Greece

Greece achieved independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1829. During the second half of the 19th century and the first half of the 20th century, it gradually added neighboring islands and territories, most with Greek-speaking populations. In World War II, Greece was first invaded by Italy (1940) and subsequently occupied by Germany (1941-44); fighting endured in a protracted civil war between supporters of the king and other anti-Communists and Communist rebels. Following the latter's defeat in 1949, Greece joined NATO in 1952. In 1967, a group of military officers seized power, establishing a military dictatorship that suspended many political liberties and forced the king to flee the country. In 1974, democratic elections and a referendum created a parliamentary republic and abolished the monarchy. In 1981, Greece joined the EC (now the EU); it became the 12th member of the European Economic and Monetary Union in 2001. In 2010, the prospect of a Greek default on its euro-denominated debt created severe strains within the EMU and raised the question of whether a member country might voluntarily leave the common currency or be removed.

About

Greece (Ελλάς, Hellas) is a country in Southern Europe, on the southernmost tip of the Balkan peninsula, with extensive coastlines and islands in the Aegean, Ionian, and Mediterranean Seas. It shares borders in the north with Albania, the Republic of Macedonia, Bulgaria, and Turkey. It has an ancient culture that has had a significant influence on the arts, language, philosophy, politics, and sports of western society, including the genres of comedy and drama, western alphabets, Platonic ideals and the Socratic method, democracies and republics, and the Olympics. Furthermore it's a geographically appealing place to visit, with a mountainous mainland and idyllic island beaches.

Read more about Greece in our Greece travel guide »

Featured journals from

Greece

One Month in Greece

by TremontBruce

(two days of rain)

Jun 2013 - Jul 2013  »  Greece

Paralos Yachts

by ParalosYachts

Yachts, Bareboats and Sailing Boat Vacation in Greek Islands

Jan 2017  »  Greece

Spin the globe....summer 2018

by madjeanne

Temperature hit 100, gotta go!

May 2018 - Jul 2018  »  United States | Italy | Croatia | Montenegro | Greece | Turkey | Malta | Spain | France | Monaco

Greece 2008

by erezarmo

Sep 2010 - Sep 2008  »  Greece

Featured hotels in

Greece

GreeceNaxos Island Hotel 

Agios prokopios
Naxos 84300
Greece

Price (US$): $275 - $574 / night

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Location. Near the airport, Naxos Island Hotel is located in Naxos's Agios Prokopios neighborhood and close to Agios Prokopios Beach, Agia Anna Beach, and Plaka Beach. Nearby points of interest also include Agios Georgios Beach and Archaelogical Museum. Hotel Features. Dining options at Naxos Island Hotel include a coffee shop/café and a snack bar/deli. A poolside bar and a bar/lounge are open for drinks. Room service is available. Recreational amenities include 2 spa tubs. Also located on… more »

GreecePorto Platanias Beach Resort & Spa 

Platanias
Platanias 73014
Greece

Price (US$): $155 - $367 / night

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Location. Porto Platanias Beach Resort & Spa is located on the beach in Platanias's Platanias Town neighborhood, close to Platanias Beach and Agia Marina Beach. Other points of interest are Chania Lighthouse and Venetian Port. Resort Features. Porto Platanias Beach Resort & Spa features 3 coffee shops/cafés, 2 poolside bars, 3 bars/lounges, and a beach bar. Room service is available during limited hours. The resort serves full breakfasts (surcharges apply). Recreational amenities include an… more »

GreeceDoubleTree by Hilton Resort Kos-Helona 

Gourniati Area
Kardamena
Kos 85302
Greece

Price (US$): $227 - $1260 / night

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Location. DoubleTree by Hilton Resort Kos Helona is located on the beach in Kos's Iraklides neighborhood, close to Antimachia Castle. Other points of interest are Plaka Forest and Castle Palaio Pyli. Hotel Features. Dining options at DoubleTree by Hilton Resort Kos Helona include 3 restaurants. A beach bar, a poolside bar, and a bar/lounge are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include an indoor pool, a children's pool, outdoor tennis courts, a… more »

GreeceAquila Elounda Village 

Pigadakia Elounda
Agios Nikolaos GR-72053
Greece

Price (US$): $248 - $1071 / night

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Location. Aquila Elounda Village is located on the beach in Agios Nikolaos's Elounda neighborhood and local attractions include Agios Nikolaos Archaeological Museum, Spinalonga Castle, and Lake Voulismeni. Another point of interest is Lato. Hotel Features. This Agios Nikolaos hotel has a private beach. In addition to 3 restaurants, Aquila Elounda Village offers a snack bar/deli and a coffee shop/café. A poolside bar and a bar/lounge are open for drinks. Room service is available during… more »

GreeceMicra Anglia 

13, M. I. Goulandri Street
Andros 84500
Greece

Price (US$): $126 - $183 / night

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Location. Located in central Andros, Micra Anglia is near the beach and within walking distance of Museum of Contemporary Art. Additional area points of interest include Ahla Beach. Hotel Features. Micra Anglia's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available. Complimentary wireless Internet access is available in public areas. Wedding services, concierge services, and tour/ticket assistance are available. Guest parking is… more »

Browse more hotels in Greece »

Greece

Full name
Hellenic Republic
Capital
Athens
Location

Southern Europe, bordering the Aegean Sea, Ionian Sea, and the Mediterranean Sea, between Albania and Turkey

Geographic coordinates

39 00 N, 22 00 E

Area comparative

slightly smaller than Alabama

Border countries

Albania 282 km, Bulgaria 494 km, Turkey 206 km, Macedonia 246 km

Coastline

13,676 km

Climate

temperate; mild, wet winters; hot, dry summers

Terrain

mostly mountains with ranges extending into the sea as peninsulas or chains of islands

Lowest point

Mediterranean Sea 0 m

Highest point

Mount Olympus 2,917 m

Natural resources

lignite, petroleum, iron ore, bauxite, lead, zinc, nickel, magnesite, marble, salt, hydropower potential

Population

10,749,943 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

population Greek 93%, other (foreign citizens) 7% (2001 census)

Religions

Greek Orthodox 98%, Muslim 1.3%, other 0.7%

Languages

Greek 99% (official), other 1% (includes English and French)

Government type

parliamentary republic

Independence

1829 (from the Ottoman Empire)

National holiday

Independence Day, 25 March (1821)

Chief of state

President Karolos PAPOULIAS (since 12 March 2005)

Head of government

Prime Minister Georgios Andreas PAPANDREOU (since 6 October 2009)

Internet country code

.gr

Internet users

4.971 million (2009)

Airports

81 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Agioi Theodoroi, Aspropyrgos, Pachi, Piraeus, Thessaloniki

Other countries in the region