Travel and change of place impart new vigor to the mind.
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Georgia

Background

Georgia

The region of present day Georgia contained the ancient kingdoms of Colchis and Kartli-Iberia. The area came under Roman influence in the first centuries A.D. and Christianity became the state religion in the 330s. Domination by Persians, Arabs, and Turks was followed by a Georgian golden age (11th-13th centuries) that was cut short by the Mongol invasion of 1236. Subsequently, the Ottoman and Persian empires competed for influence in the region. Georgia was absorbed into the Russian Empire in the 19th century. Independent for three years (1918-1921) following the Russian revolution, it was forcibly incorporated into the USSR until the Soviet Union dissolved in 1991. An attempt by the incumbent Georgian government to manipulate national legislative elections in November 2003 touched off widespread protests that led to the resignation of Eduard SHEVARDNADZE, president since 1995. New elections in early 2004 swept Mikheil SAAKASHVILI into power along with his National Movement party. Progress on market reforms and democratization has been made in the years since independence, but this progress has been complicated by Russian assistance and support to the breakaway regions of Abkhazia and South Ossetia. After a series of Russian and separatist provocations in summer 2008, Georgian military action in South Ossetia in early August led to a Russian military response that not only occupied the breakaway areas, but large portions of Georgia proper as well. Russian troops pulled back from most occupied Georgian territory, but in late August 2008 Russia unilaterally recognized the independence of Abkhazia and South Ossetia. This action was strongly condemned by most of the world's nations and international organizations.

About

Georgia (Georgian: საქართველო, Sakartvelo) is a country in the Caucasus. It lies at the eastern end of the Black Sea, with Turkey and Armenia to the south, Azerbaijan to the east, and Russia to the north, over the Caucasus Mountains.

Read more about Georgia in our Georgia travel guide »

Featured journals from

Georgia

Travel and Tours to Armenia with SacVoyage Armenian Travel Company

by SacVoyage

Welcome to Armenia with SacVoyage Armenian Leading Tour Operator

Nov 2011 - Dec 2011  »  Armenia | Georgia

Featured hotels in

Georgia

GeorgiaTbilisi Marriott Hotel 

13, Rustaveli Avenue
Tbilisi 0108
Georgia

Price (US$): $265 - $325 / night

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Location. Tbilisi Marriott Hotel is a business friendly hotel located in Tbilisi, close to Kashveti Church, Parliament Building, and Tbilisi City Hall. Additional points of interest include Freedom Square and Tbilisi Opera and Ballet Theatre. Hotel Features. Tbilisi Marriott Hotel's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves buffet breakfasts each morning in the restaurant (surcharges apply).… more »

GeorgiaSHERATON BATUMI HOTEL 

28 Rustaveli Street-6000
Batumi
Georgia

Price (US$): $130 - $325 / night

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Full Service Hotel Year Built 2010 Additional Property Description The newly built Sheraton Batumi offers comfortable surroundings with direct beach access and friendly service. Located on the seafront of the Black Sea.. the hotel is a local landmark and only a 15 minute drive from Batumi International Airport. The historic city centre of Batumi is a 5 10 minute walk from the hotel. Our 203 rooms and 26 suites welcome you in style. Modern furniture.. warm colours and the Sheraton Sweet… more »

GeorgiaGeorgia Palace Hotel 

275 Agmashenebeli Avenue
Kobuleti 6200
Georgia

Price (US$): $100 - $109 / night

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Location. Georgia Palace Hotel is a beachfront luxury hotel located in Kobuleti. Hotel Features. Dining options at Georgia Palace Hotel include 3 restaurants. A swim up bar, a poolside bar, and a bar/lounge are open for drinks. Room service is available during limited hours. A complimentary continental breakfast is served each morning. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, a children's pool, a sauna, and a fitness facility. The property's full service health spa has body treatments… more »

GeorgiaRadisson Blu Iveria Hotel, Tbilisi 

Rose Revolution Square 1
Tbilisi 0108
Georgia

Price (US$): $329 - $420 / night

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Location. Radisson Blu Iveria Hotel, Tbilisi is a business friendly hotel located in central Tbilisi, close to Tbilisi Opera and Ballet Theatre, Parliament Building, and Freedom Square. Additional points of interest include Metekhi Church and Narikala Citadel. Hotel Features. Radisson Blu Iveria Hotel, Tbilisi's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A poolside bar and a bar/lounge are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include an… more »

GeorgiaRadisson Blu Hotel Batumi 

1 Nonoshvili Street
Batumi 6000
Georgia

Price (US$): $116 - $239 / night

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Location. Radisson Blu Hotel Batumi is a business friendly hotel located in Batumi, close to Era Square, Batumi University, and Batumi Beach. Hotel Features. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, an indoor pool, and a fitness facility. The property's full service health spa has body treatments, massage/treatment rooms, facials, and beauty services. This 5 star property has a 24 hour business center and offers small meeting rooms, limo/town car service, and business services.… more »

Browse more hotels in Georgia »

Georgia

Capital
Tbilisi
Location

Southwestern Asia, bordering the Black Sea, between Turkey and Russia, with a sliver of land north of the Caucasus extending into Europe

Geographic coordinates

42 00 N, 43 30 E

Area comparative

slightly smaller than South Carolina

Border countries

Armenia 164 km, Azerbaijan 322 km, Russia 723 km, Turkey 252 km

Coastline

310 km

Climate

warm and pleasant; Mediterranean-like on Black Sea coast

Terrain

largely mountainous with Great Caucasus Mountains in the north and Lesser Caucasus Mountains in the south; Kolkhet'is Dablobi (Kolkhida Lowland) opens to the Black Sea in the west; Mtkvari River Basin in the east; good soils in river valley flood plains, foothills of Kolkhida Lowland

Lowest point

Black Sea 0 m

Highest point

Mt'a Shkhara 5,201 m

Natural resources

timber, hydropower, manganese deposits, iron ore, copper, minor coal and oil deposits; coastal climate and soils allow for important tea and citrus growth

Population

4,600,825 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

Georgian 83.8%, Azeri 6.5%, Armenian 5.7%, Russian 1.5%, other 2.5% (2002 census)

Religions

Orthodox Christian 83.9%, Muslim 9.9%, Armenian-Gregorian 3.9%, Catholic 0.8%, other 0.8%, none 0.7% (2002 census)

Languages

Georgian 71% (official), Russian 9%, Armenian 7%, Azeri 6%, other 7%

Government type

republic

Independence

9 April 1991 (from the Soviet Union)

National holiday

Independence Day, 26 May (1918); note - 26 May 1918 was the date of independence from Soviet Russia, 9 April 1991 was the date of independence from the Soviet Union

Chief of state

President Mikheil SAAKASHVILI (since 25 January 2004); the president is the chief of state and serves as head of government for the power ministries of internal affairs and defense

Head of government

Prime Minister Nikoloz GILAURI (since 6 February 2009); the prime minister is head of government for all the ministries of government except the power ministries of internal affairs and defense

Internet country code

.ge

Internet users

1.3 million (2009)

Airports

22 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Bat'umi, P'ot'i

Other countries in the region