Adventure is just bad planning.
— Roald Amundsen, 1872 - 1928
EN
EN

France

Background

France

Although ultimately a victor in World Wars I and II, France suffered extensive losses in its empire, wealth, manpower, and rank as a dominant nation-state. Nevertheless, France today is one of the most modern countries in the world and is a leader among European nations. Since 1958, it has constructed a hybrid presidential-parliamentary governing system resistant to the instabilities experienced in earlier more purely parliamentary administrations. In recent years, its reconciliation and cooperation with Germany have proved central to the economic integration of Europe, including the introduction of a common exchange currency, the euro, in January 1999.

About

France is a country located in Western Europe. Clockwise from the north, France borders Belgium and Luxembourg to the northeast, Germany and Switzerland to the east, Italy to the south-east and Spain to the south-west, across the Pyrenees mountain range (the small country of Andorra lies in between the two countries). The Mediterranean Sea lies to the south of France, with the Principality of Monaco forming a small enclave. To the west, France has a long Atlantic Ocean coastline, while to the north lies the English Channel, across which lies the last of France's neighbours, England (part of the United Kingdom).

France has been the world's most popular tourist destination for over twenty years (81.9 million in 2007) and it's geographically one of the most diverse countries in Europe. Its cities contain some of the greatest treasures in Europe, its countryside is prosperous and well tended and it boasts dozens of major tourist attractions, like Paris, the French Riviera, the Atlantic beaches, the winter sport resorts of the French Alps, the castles of the Loire Valley, Brittany and Normandy. The country is renowned for its gastronomy (particularly wines and cheeses), history, culture and fashion.

Read more about France in our France travel guide »

Featured journals from

France

Lan Stark's Even Greater Than the Last Great Adventure... Adventure!!

by LanStark

(or how I got to travel about, talk to lots of interesting - & most likely not so interesting - people - drink, eat, marvel at things & have a stupendous time!)

Jan 2018 - Apr 2018  »  Australia | United Kingdom | France

Beautiful British Virgin Islands - A Sparkling String of Jewels in the Caribbean Sea

by mwKable

Our Highly Anticipated and Much Needed Honeymoon!

Oct 2014 - Dec 2015  »  United States | France | British Virgin Islands

Travels

by DaniellaAdler

Aug 2011 - Jan 2015  »  Croatia | United States | France | South Africa

My Travel Tips

by vincenttabor

Different How To's When Traveling

May 2013  »  France

Spin the globe....summer 2018

by madjeanne

Temperature hit 100, gotta go!

May 2018 - Jul 2018  »  United States | Italy | Croatia | Montenegro | Greece | Turkey | Malta | Spain | France | Monaco

Arbury's on tour!

by Arburys

Road trip from UK to visit France and Spain.

Dec 2017  »  France | Spain

past

by travelblog

travels

Dec 2010  »  United Kingdom | France

The Erwin family's Europe trip!

by ErwinEurope

London, England

Jul 2017 - Aug 2017  »  United Kingdom | France | Germany

Paris and beyond

by BobAndSusan

Jun 2017  »  France

Featured hotels in

France

FranceSofitel Paris La Defense 

33 Voie des Sculpteurs
Puteaux 92060
France

Price (US$): $275 - $525 / night

Check rates »

Location. Sofitel Paris La Defense is a business friendly hotel located in Puteaux's La Defense neighborhood, close to Les Quatre Temps Shopping Center, CNIT Convention Center, and Palais des Congres de Paris. Additional points of interest include Arc de Triomphe and Eiffel Tower. Hotel Features. Dining options at Sofitel Paris La Defense include 2 restaurants. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include a health club. This 5 star… more »

FranceLes Granges d'en Haut 

Route Des Chavants
Les Houches 74310
France

Price (US$): $1337 - $1914 / night

Check rates »

Location. Les Granges d'en Haut is a business friendly Les Houches hotel in the mountains and close to Bellevue Cable Car, Parc de Merlet, and Les Houches Ski Resort. Other area points of interest include Mont Blanc and Planpraz Tram. Hotel Features. Dining options at Les Granges d'en Haut include a restaurant, a coffee shop/café, and a snack bar/deli. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available. The hotel serves a complimentary continental breakfast. Guests can enjoy a… more »

FranceRenaissance Paris Le Parc Trocadero Hotel 

55-57 Avenue Raymond Poincare
Paris 75116
France

Price (US$): $402 - $631 / night

Check rates »

Location. Renaissance Paris Le Parc Trocadero Hotel is a business friendly hotel located in Paris's 16th Arrondissement neighborhood, close to Place du Trocadero, Palais de Chaillot, and Place de l'Etoile. Additional points of interest include Palais des Congres de Paris and Paris Expo Porte de Versailles. Hotel Features. Recreational amenities include a fitness facility. This 5 star property offers small meeting rooms, limo/town car service, and audiovisual equipment. Wireless and wired… more »

FranceHOTEL DU PALAIS 

1 Avenue De L Imperatrice
Biarritz 64200
France

Price (US$): $437 - $1615 / night

Check rates »

HOTEL DU PALAIS IS LOCATED BEACHFRONT ON FAMOUS LA GRANDE PLAGE WITH SPECTACULAR OCEAN VIEWS. THE SITE WAS SELECTED BY NAPOLEON IIIS WIFE EUGENIE AS A SUMMER PALACE. OCEAN VIEWS ARE OFFERED NOT ONLY FROM MANY GUESTROOMS BUT ALSO FROM SOME OF THE RESTAURANTS AND FROM THE POOL AREA. THE HOTEL IS A TWO MINUTE WALK FROM THE CASINO AND 10 MINUTES FROM THE CENTER OF TOWN. SURROUNDING THE HOTEL ARE 11 HIGH END GOLF COURSES THE BEST SURFING WAVES IN EUROPE AND MANY BEAUTIFUL VILLAGES.. HOTEL DU… more »

FranceL' Agapa Hôtel Spa Nuxe 

12 Rue Des Bons-Enfants
Perros-Guirec 22700
France

Price (US$): $175 - $498 / night

Check rates »

Location. L' Agapa Hôtel Spa Nuxe is located in Perros Guirec's Cote de Granit Rose neighborhood, close to Perros Guirec Beach and Plomanac'h Lighthouse. Additional area points of interest include Golf de Saint Samson and Tregastel Beach. Hotel Features. L' Agapa Hôtel Spa Nuxe's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available during limited hours. The hotel serves buffet breakfasts each morning in the restaurant (surcharges apply)… more »

Browse more hotels in France »

France

Full name
Republic of France
Capital
Paris
Geographic coordinates

46 00 N, 2 00 E

Area comparative

slightly less than the size of Texas

Border countries

Brazil 673 km, Suriname 510 km

Climate

Generally cool winters and mild summers, but mild winters and hot summers along the Mediterranean; occasional strong, cold, dry, north-to-northwesterly wind known as mistral

Terrain

Mostly flat plains or gently rolling hills in north and west; remainder is mountainous, especially Pyrenees in south, Alps in east

Lowest point

Rhone River delta -2 m

Highest point

Mont Blanc 4,807 m

Population

64,768,389

Ethnic groups

Celtic and Latin with Teutonic, Slavic, North African, Indochinese, Basque minorities

Religions

Roman Catholic 83%-88%, Protestant 2%, Jewish 1%, Muslim 5%-10%, unaffiliated 4%

Languages

French (official) 100%, rapidly declining regional dialects and languages (Provencal, Breton, Alsatian, Corsican, Catalan, Basque, Flemish)

Government type

republic

Independence

no official date of independence 486 (Frankish tribes unified under Merovingian kingship); 10 August 843 (Western Francia established from the division of the Carolingian Empire); 14 July 1789 (French monarchy overthrown); 22 September 1792 (First French Republic founded); 4 October 1958 (Fifth French Republic established)

National holiday

Fete de la Federation, 14 July (1790); note - although often incorrectly referred to as Bastille Day, the celebration actually commemorates the holiday held on the first anniversary of the storming of the Bastille (on 14 July 1789) and the establishment of a constitutional monarchy; other names for the holiday are Fete Nationale (National Holiday) and quatorze juillet (14th of July)

Chief of state

President Nicolas SARKOZY (since 16 May 2007)

Head of government

Prime Minister Francois FILLON (since 17 May 2007)

Internet country code

.fr

Internet users

45.262 million; 44.625 million (metropolitan France) (2009)

Airports

474 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Calais, Dunkerque, Le Havre, Marseille, Nantes, Paris, Rouen

Other countries in the region