Kilometers are shorter than miles. Save gas, take your next trip in kilometers.
— George Carlin, 1937 - 2008
EN
EN

Fiji

Background

Fiji

Fiji became independent in 1970 after nearly a century as a British colony. Democratic rule was interrupted by two military coups in 1987 caused by concern over a government perceived as dominated by the Indian community (descendants of contract laborers brought to the islands by the British in the 19th century). The coups and a 1990 constitution that cemented native Melanesian control of Fiji led to heavy Indian emigration; the population loss resulted in economic difficulties, but ensured that Melanesians became the majority. A new constitution enacted in 1997 was more equitable. Free and peaceful elections in 1999 resulted in a government led by an Indo-Fijian, but a civilian-led coup in May 2000 ushered in a prolonged period of political turmoil. Parliamentary elections held in August 2001 provided Fiji with a democratically elected government led by Prime Minister Laisenia QARASE. Re-elected in May 2006, QARASE was ousted in a December 2006 military coup led by Commodore Voreqe BAINIMARAMA, who initially appointed himself acting president but in January 2007 became interim prime minister. Since taking power BAINIMARAMA has neutralized his opponents, crippled Fiji's democratic institutions, and refused to hold elections.

About

Fiji (sometimes called the Fiji Islands), is a Melanesian country in the South Pacific Ocean. It lies about two-thirds of the way from Hawaii to New Zealand and consists of an archipelago that includes 332 islands, a handful of which make up most of the land area, and approximately 110 of which are inhabited.

Fiji straddles the 180 degree longitude line (which crosses land on a remote tip of Vanua Levu and again near the centre of Taveuni), so the international date line jogs east, placing Fiji all in one time zone and, "ahead" of most of the rest of the world.

Read more about Fiji in our Fiji travel guide »

Featured journals from

Fiji

DOWN UNDER, WHERE?

by TheLiliens

A new continent, and a new region for the Liliens. It's exciting to think that we'll be heading to the land of kangaroos, the Great Barrier Reef, and the Maori. We begin with a cruise crossing the Pacific, stopping in Hawaii, Fiji and a number of other S. Pacific islands. Then comes some independent touring in AUS, and finally a move over to New Zealand for its spectacular scenery, and its own unique spin on things. We'll be sailing to several ports on both the north and south islands that make up NZ, so it will give us a good overview of the country before heading back to Sydney, from where we'll be returning home. Phew, we're tired already.

Sep 2017 - Nov 2017  »  Canada | United States | Fiji | New Caledonia | Australia | New Zealand

Featured hotels in

Fiji

FijiNamale the Fiji Islands Resort & Spa 

Hibiscus Highway
Savusavu 244
Fiji

Price (US$): $1170 - $2760 / night

Check rates »

Location. Namale the Fiji Islands Resort & Spa is located on the beach in Savusavu's Vanua Levu neighborhood, close to Copra Shed Marina. Resort Features. Namale the Fiji Islands Resort & Spa's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available. The resort serves a complimentary cooked to order breakfast each morning in the restaurant. Guests can enjoy a complimentary evening social daily. Recreational amenities include 2 outdoor… more »

FijiNavutu Stars Resort 

North side of the island
Yageta Island
Fiji

Price (US$): $562 - $688 / night

Check rates »

Location. Navutu Stars Resort is located on the beach in Yageta Island's Yasawa Islands neighborhood, close to Devil's Beach. Resort Features. Navutu Stars Resort's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A beach bar and a bar/lounge are open for drinks. Room service is available during limited hours. The resort serves a complimentary continental breakfast each morning in the restaurant. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool. The property's full service health spa has body… more »

FijiInterContinental Fiji Golf Resort & Spa 

Maro Road, Natadola Bay
Natadola
Fiji

Price (US$): $520 - $1029 / night

Check rates »

Location. InterContinental Fiji Golf Resort & Spa is located on the beach in Natadola's Coral Coast neighborhood, close to Natadola Beach. Regional points of interest also include Sigatoka Sand Dunes. Resort Features. Dining options at InterContinental Fiji Golf Resort & Spa include 5 restaurants. A beach bar, a poolside bar, and a bar/lounge are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The resort serves hot and cold buffet breakfasts each morning (surcharges apply).… more »

FijiLikuliku Lagoon Resort 

Malolo Island
Mamanuca Islands
Malolo Island
Fiji

Price (US$): $1164 - $1631 / night

Check rates »

Location. Likuliku Lagoon Resort is located on the beach in Malolo Island's Mamanuca Islands neighborhood and local attractions include Musket Cove and North Beach. Resort Features. Likuliku Lagoon Resort's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A beach bar, a swim up bar, a poolside bar, and a bar/lounge are open for drinks. The resort serves a complimentary buffet breakfast each morning in the restaurant. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool and a fitness facility. The… more »

FijiWAKAYA CLUB AND SPA 

Wakaya Private Island
Wakaya Private Islan
Fiji

Price (US$): $2280 - $5880 / night

Check rates »

THE WAKAYA CLUB SPA IS A LUXURY PRIVATE ISLAND REORT UNLIKEANY OTHER IN THE WORLD. THIS SERENE RETREAT IN FIJI OFFERSGRACIOUS LIVING SOPHISTICATED CUISINE AND UNPARALLELEDLEISURE OPPORTUNITIES IN ONE OF THE MOST REMOTE AND PRISTINECORNERS OF THE WORLD. THE WAKAYA CLUB SPA IS SITUATED ONWAKAYA ISLAND FIJI A PRIVATE 2200 ACRE HIDEAWAY THAT ISONE OF 333 ISLANDS THAT COMPRISE THE FIJI GROUP 40MINS FROMNADI AIRPORT. WAKAYA ISLAND IS SURROUNDED BY A PROTECTEDCORAL REEF AND THE ISLAND BOASTS SERENE… more »

Browse more hotels in Fiji »

Fiji

Full name
Republic of the Fiji Islands
Capital
Suva
Location

Oceania, island group in the South Pacific Ocean, about two-thirds of the way from Hawaii to New Zealand

Geographic coordinates

18 00 S, 175 00 E

Area comparative

slightly smaller than New Jersey

Coastline

1,129 km

Climate

tropical marine; only slight seasonal temperature variation

Terrain

mostly mountains of volcanic origin

Lowest point

Pacific Ocean 0 m

Highest point

Tomanivi 1,324 m

Natural resources

timber, fish, gold, copper, offshore oil potential, hydropower

Population

875,983 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

Fijian 57.3% (predominantly Melanesian with a Polynesian admixture), Indian 37.6%, Rotuman 1.2%, other 3.9% (European, other Pacific Islanders, Chinese) (2007 census)

Religions

Christian 64.5% (Methodist 34.6%, Roman Catholic 9.1%, Assembly of God 5.7%, Seventh Day Adventist 3.9%, Anglican 0.8%, other 10.4%), Hindu 27.9%, Muslim 6.3%, Sikh 0.3%, other or unspecified 0.3%, none 0.7% (2007 census)

Languages

English (official), Fijian (official), Hindustani

Government type

republic

Independence

10 October 1970 (from the UK)

National holiday

Independence Day, second Monday of October (1970)

Chief of state

President Ratu Epeli NAILATIKAU (since 30 July 2009)

Head of government

Prime Minister Laisenia QARASE (since 10 September 2000); note - although QARASE is still the legal prime minister, he has been confined to his home island; former President ILOILOVATU appointed Commodore Voreqe BAINIMARAMA interim prime minister under the military regime

Internet country code

.fj

Internet users

114,200 (2009)

Airports

28 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Lautoka, Levuka, Suva

Other countries in the region