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Ethiopia

Background

Ethiopia

Unique among African countries, the ancient Ethiopian monarchy maintained its freedom from colonial rule with the exception of a short-lived Italian occupation from 1936-41. In 1974, a military junta, the Derg, deposed Emperor Haile SELASSIE (who had ruled since 1930) and established a socialist state. Torn by bloody coups, uprisings, wide-scale drought, and massive refugee problems, the regime was finally toppled in 1991 by a coalition of rebel forces, the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF). A constitution was adopted in 1994, and Ethiopia's first multiparty elections were held in 1995. A border war with Eritrea late in the 1990s ended with a peace treaty in December 2000. In November 2007, the Eritrea-Ethiopia Border Commission remotely demarcated the border by geographical coordinates, but final demarcation of the boundary on the ground is currently on hold because of Ethiopian objections to an international commission's finding requiring it to surrender territory considered sensitive to Ethiopia.

About

Ethiopia is a country situated in the Horn of Africa. It is the 2nd-most populous nation in Africa ( after Nigeria ), bordered by Eritrea to the north, Djibouti to the northeast, Somalia to the east, Kenya to the south, and Sudan to the west. Ethiopia is the oldest independent country in Africa and the second-oldest official Christian nation in the world after Armenia. Ethiopia is also the 10th richest country in Africa.

Read more about Ethiopia in our Ethiopia travel guide »

Featured journals from

Ethiopia

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Featured hotels in

Ethiopia

EthiopiaRadisson Blu Hotel, Addis Ababa 

Kazanchis Business District
Kirkos Subcity Kebele 17/18
Addis Ababa 21555
Ethiopia

Price (US$): $208 - $396 / night

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Location. Located in central Addis Ababa, Radisson Blu Hotel, Addis Ababa is near the airport and close to ECA Conference Center, Addis Ababa National Archives and Library, and African Union Headquarters. Additional points of interest include Menelik II's Palace and Meskel Square. Hotel Features. Radisson Blu Hotel, Addis Ababa's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. The hotel also has 2 coffee shops/cafés and a snack bar/deli. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is… more »

EthiopiaSheraton Addis 

Taitu Street Po Box 6002
Addis Ababa
Ethiopia

Price (US$): $339 - $340 / night

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Location. Sheraton Addis is a business friendly hotel located in Addis Ababa, close to Menelik II's Palace, Addis Ababa Stadium, and ECA Conference Center. Additional points of interest include Holy Trinity Cathedral and Addis Ababa National Archives and Library. Hotel Features. Sheraton Addis features a restaurant and a poolside bar. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool and a children's pool. This 5 star property has a business center and… more »

EthiopiaHotel Siyonat 

Bole area near Edna Mall
Addis Ababa
Ethiopia

Price (US$): $163 - $245 / night

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Location. Hotel Siyonat is located in Addis Ababa, close to Medhane Alem Church, ECA Conference Center, and Meskel Square. Nearby points of interest also include Addis Ababa Stadium and Menelik II's Palace. Hotel Features. Hotel Siyonat features a snack bar/deli. Room service is available during limited hours. The hotel serves a complimentary breakfast. Recreational amenities include a sauna and a steam room. This 4.5 star property has a 24 hour business center. Complimentary high speed… more »

EthiopiaDestiny Addis Hotel 

Kirkos Subcity Kebele 01/19
Bole District
Addis Ababa
Ethiopia

Price (US$): $86 - $593 / night

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Location. Destiny Addis Hotel is located in Addis Ababa, close to ECA Conference Center, Meskel Square, and Medhane Alem Church. Nearby points of interest also include Addis Ababa Stadium and Menelik II's Palace. Hotel Features. Dining options at Destiny Addis Hotel include a restaurant and a coffee shop/café. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves a complimentary continental breakfast. This 3.5 star property offers a meeting/conference room and business services.… more »

EthiopiaPanorama Hotel 

Haile G/selassie street
megenagna
Addis Ababa 7560
Ethiopia

Price (US$): $113 - $122 / night

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Location. Panorama Hotel is located in Addis Ababa, close to Medhane Alem Church, ECA Conference Center, and Menelik II's Palace. Nearby points of interest also include Holy Trinity Cathedral and Meskel Square. Hotel Features. Panorama Hotel features a restaurant and a bar/lounge. A complimentary breakfast is served each morning. Recreational amenities include a sauna, a fitness facility, and a steam room. This 3.5 star property has a business center and offers small meeting rooms and… more »

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Ethiopia

Full name
Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
Capital
Addis Ababa
Location

Eastern Africa, west of Somalia

Geographic coordinates

8 00 N, 38 00 E

Area comparative

slightly less than twice the size of Texas

Border countries

Djibouti 349 km, Eritrea 912 km, Kenya 861 km, Somalia 1,600 km, Sudan 1,606 km

Coastline

0 km (landlocked)

Climate

tropical monsoon with wide topographic-induced variation

Terrain

high plateau with central mountain range divided by Great Rift Valley

Lowest point

Danakil Depression -125 m

Highest point

Ras Dejen 4,533 m

Natural resources

small reserves of gold, platinum, copper, potash, natural gas, hydropower

Population

88,013,491

Ethnic groups

Oromo 34.5%, Amara 26.9%, Somalie 6.2%, Tigraway 6.1%, Sidama 4%, Guragie 2.5%, Welaita 2.3%, Hadiya 1.7%, Affar 1.7%, Gamo 1.5%, Gedeo 1.3%, other 11.3% (2007 Census)

Religions

Orthodox 43.5%, Muslim 33.9%, Protestant 18.6%, traditional 2.6%, Catholic 0.7%, other 0.7% (2007 Census)

Languages

Amarigna (Amharic) (official) 32.7%, Oromigna (official regional) 31.6%, Tigrigna (official regional) 6.1%, Somaligna 6%, Guaragigna 3.5%, Sidamigna 3.5%, Hadiyigna 1.7%, other 14.8%, English (official) (major foreign language taught in schools), Arabic (official) (1994 census)

Government type

federal republic

Independence

oldest independent country in Africa and one of the oldest in the world - at least 2,000 years (may be traced to the Aksumite Kingdom, which coalesced in the first centuries B.C.)

National holiday

National Day (defeat of MENGISTU regime), 28 May (1991)

Chief of state

President GIRMA Woldegiorgis (since 8 October 2001)

Head of government

Prime Minister MELES Zenawi (since August 1995)

Internet country code

.et

Internet users

447,300 (2009)

Airports

61 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Ethiopia is landlocked and uses ports of Djibouti in Djibouti and Berbera in Somalia

Other countries in the region