Tourists don't know where they've been, travelers don't know where they're going.
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Algeria

Background

Algeria

After more than a century of rule by France, Algerians fought through much of the 1950s to achieve independence in 1962. Algeria's primary political party, the National Liberation Front (FLN), was established in 1954 as part of the struggle for independence and has largely dominated politics since. The Government of Algeria in 1988 instituted a multi-party system in response to public unrest, but the surprising first round success of the Islamic Salvation Front (FIS) in the December 1991 balloting spurred the Algerian army to intervene and postpone the second round of elections to prevent what the secular elite feared would be an extremist-led government from assuming power. The army began a crackdown on the FIS that spurred FIS supporters to begin attacking government targets, and fighting escalated into an insurgency, which saw intense violence between 1992-98 resulting in over 100,000 deaths - many attributed to indiscriminate massacres of villagers by extremists. The government gained the upper hand by the late-1990s, and FIS's armed wing, the Islamic Salvation Army, disbanded in January 2000. Abdelaziz BOUTEFLIKA, with the backing of the military, won the presidency in 1999 in an election widely viewed as fraudulent, was reelected to a second term in 2004, and overwhelmingly won a third term in 2009 after the government amended the constitution in 2008 to remove presidential term limits. Longstanding problems continue to face BOUTEFLIKA, including large-scale unemployment, a shortage of housing, unreliable electrical and water supplies, government inefficiencies and corruption, and the continuing activities of extremist militants. The Salafist Group for Preaching and Combat (GSPC) in 2006 merged with al-Qai'da to form al-Qai'da in the Lands of the Islamic Maghreb, which has launched an ongoing series of kidnappings and bombings targeting the Algerian Government and Western interests.

About

Algeria (Arabic: الجزائر al-Jazā’ir) ,, is an Arab and Berber country in North Africa. It has a Mediterranean Sea coastline in the north. It is surrounded by Morocco to the northwest, Tunisia to the northeast, Libya to the east, Niger to the southeast, Mali to the southwest, Mauritania and Western Sahara to the west. After Sudan, Algeria is the second-largest country in Africa.

Read more about Algeria in our Algeria travel guide »

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Featured journals from

Algeria

Featured hotels in

Algeria

AlgeriaSheraton Club des Pins Resort 

Boite Postal 62 Club des Pins
Staoueli
Algiers 16101
Algeria

Price (US$): $277 - $350 / night

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Location. Sheraton Club des Pins Resort is located on the beach in Algiers and local attractions include University of Algiers. Regional points of interest also include Stade 5 Juillet 1962 and Ben Aknoun Zoo. Resort Features. Dining options at Sheraton Club des Pins Resort include 4 restaurants. 2 bars/lounges and a poolside bar are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The resort serves buffet breakfasts each morning (surcharges apply). Recreational amenities include… more »

AlgeriaSheraton Oran Hotel 

Route Des Falaises Avenue Canastel
Seddikia
Oran
Algeria

Price (US$): $200 - $201 / night

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Location. Located in central Oran, Sheraton Oran Hotel is near the airport and close to Cathedrale de Sacre Coeur, Dar el Bahia, and Le Theatre. Additional points of interest include Place du 1er Novembre and Palais de la Culture. Hotel Features. Dining options at Sheraton Oran Hotel include 5 restaurants. A swim up bar, a poolside bar, and a bar/lounge are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, an indoor pool, a children's… more »

AlgeriaRoyal Hotel 

1 Bd De La Soummam
Oran 31000
Algeria

Price (US$): $239 - $350 / night

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Location. Royal Hotel is located in central Oran, close to Le Theatre, Dar el Bahia, and Place du 1er Novembre. Nearby points of interest also include Cathedrale de Sacre Coeur and Palais de la Culture. Hotel Features. Recreational amenities include a fitness facility and a steam room. The property's full service health spa has body treatments, facials, and beauty services. This 5 star property has a 24 hour business center and offers small meeting rooms, secretarial services, and technology… more »

AlgeriaRenaissance Tlemcen Hotel 

Plateau Lalla Setti
Tlemcen 13000
Algeria

Price (US$): $161 - $479 / night

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Location. Renaissance Tlemcen Hotel is a business friendly hotel located in Tlemcen, close to Stade Birouana, Great Mosque of Tlemcen, and Tlemcen National Park. Hotel Features. Renaissance Tlemcen Hotel features a coffee shop/café, a poolside bar, and a bar/lounge. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, a health club, a sauna, and a steam room. This 5 star property has a business center and offers secretarial services, limo/town car… more »

AlgeriaLe Méridien Oran Hotel & Convention Centre 

Les Genets, Chemins De Wilaya, Route 75
Oran
Algeria

Price (US$): $212 - $213 / night

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Location. Le Méridien Oran Hotel & Convention Centre is a business friendly hotel located in Oran's midtown area and local attractions include Cathedrale de Sacre Coeur, Le Theatre, and Dar el Bahia. Other area points of interest include Place du 1er Novembre and Palais de la Culture. Hotel Features. Dining options at Le Méridien Oran Hotel & Convention Centre include 3 restaurants. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves buffet… more »

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Algeria

Full name
People's Democratic Republic of Algeria
Capital
Algiers
Location

Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Morocco and Tunisia

Geographic coordinates

28 00 N, 3 00 E

Area comparative

slightly less than 3.5 times the size of Texas

Border countries

Libya 982 km, Mali 1,376 km, Mauritania 463 km, Morocco 1,559 km, Niger 956 km, Tunisia 965 km, Western Sahara 42 km

Coastline

998 km

Climate

arid to semiarid; mild, wet winters with hot, dry summers along coast; drier with cold winters and hot summers on high plateau; sirocco is a hot, dust/sand-laden wind especially common in summer

Terrain

mostly high plateau and desert; some mountains; narrow, discontinuous coastal plain

Lowest point

Chott Melrhir -40 m

Highest point

Tahat 3,003 m

Natural resources

petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, phosphates, uranium, lead, zinc

Population

34,586,184 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

Arab-Berber 99%, European less than 1%

Religions

Sunni Muslim (state religion) 99%, Christian and Jewish 1%

Languages

Arabic (official), French, Berber dialects

Government type

republic

Independence

5 July 1962 (from France)

National holiday

Revolution Day, 1 November (1954)

Chief of state

President Abdelaziz BOUTEFLIKA (since 28 April 1999) note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government; a November 2008 constitutional amendment separated the position of head of government from that of the prime minister

Head of government

President Abdelaziz BOUTEFLIKA (since 28 April 1999)

Internet country code

.dz

Internet users

4.7 million (2009)

Airports

143 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Algiers, Annaba, Arzew, Bejaia, Djendjene, Jijel, Mostaganem, Oran, Skikda

Other countries in the region