...I love travelling, and my wife, consequently, should love travelling also.
— Oscar Wilde, "The Happy Prince", 1888




As Europe's largest economy and second most populous nation (after Russia), Germany is a key member of the continent's economic, political, and defense organizations. European power struggles immersed Germany in two devastating World Wars in the first half of the 20th century and left the country occupied by the victorious Allied powers of the US, UK, France, and the Soviet Union in 1945. With the advent of the Cold War, two German states were formed in 1949 the western Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) and the eastern German Democratic Republic (GDR). The democratic FRG embedded itself in key Western economic and security organizations, the EC, which became the EU, and NATO, while the Communist GDR was on the front line of the Soviet-led Warsaw Pact. The decline of the USSR and the end of the Cold War allowed for German unification in 1990. Since then, Germany has expended considerable funds to bring Eastern productivity and wages up to Western standards. In January 1999, Germany and 10 other EU countries introduced a common European exchange currency, the euro. In January 2011, Germany assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2011-12 term.


Germany, (officially: the Federal Republic of Germany), (German: Bundesrepublik Deutschland) is the largest country in Central Europe. It is bordered to the north by Denmark, to the east by Poland and the Czech Republic, to the south by Austria and Switzerland, and to the west by France, Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands. Germany is a federation of 16 states, roughly corresponding to regions with their own distinct and unique cultures. Germany is one of the most influential nations in European culture, and its influence on world economy cannot be denied. Known around the world for its precision engineering and high-tech products, it is equally admired by visitors for its old-world charm and "Gemütlichkeit" (coziness), or guest-friendly-ness! If you have perceptions of Germany as simply homogeneous, it will surprise you with its many historical regions and much local diversity for its relatively small size.

Read more about Germany in our Germany travel guide »

Featured journals from


Nippon Express

by yossi

Well, it was bound to happen eventually. After years of thinking about it, months of planning, at least one failed attempt and several bumps in the road, I finally arrived to Japan.

Apr 2010 - Aug 2013  »  Israel | Hong Kong (S.A.R.) | Japan | Germany | United Kingdom

Is the idealism between work and life balance actually exist?

by estyindra

Euro Trip Trilogy - part 1 (Summer 2006), part 2 (Autumn 2012) and part 3 (Spring 2013)

Sep 2012 - Apr 2013  »  Netherlands | Indonesia | Germany | Switzerland | Belgium | Austria

Culet culet!!!!!

by Robert__Bcn

Un viaje a Japon

Mar 2013  »  Germany | Spain | Japan

Alberto's Holiday Diary: Bavaria (Bayern)

by albertoalbavaliente

This is my first trip to another country. I want to share my experience with you. I hope you like it.

Jun 2013 - Jul 2013  »  Germany | Spain | Austria

South American Sojourn

by LifeTrebled

Peru, Bolivia, Chile, Argentina, and Brazil in 35 days!

Aug 2014  »  Singapore | Germany | Brazil

Planning a trip to LEIPZIG

by anthonykingsley

How wrong could I be?

Feb 2017  »  Germany

(Mis)adventures in Jerusalem, 2.0

by ashantur

Hopefully nobody will notice the dumb American trailing after her father trying not to incite further tension among the terrorists and infidels.

Jun 2010  »  United States | Israel | Palestinian territories | Germany

2 month Tour de Europe under 3000 USD

by travelqueen168

travel and interning

Jun 2010 - Jul 2010  »  Germany | Italy

Gibraltar Holidays

by seanmiller

Gibraltar is approximately a 45 minutes drive from the Marbella area and it is well worth a visit

Jul 2010 - Sep 2010  »  Gibraltar | Spain | Netherlands | Germany


by srh8911

May 2011  »  Ireland | United Kingdom | Germany

Summer 2017

by madjeanne

Headed North to cool down a bit.

Jul 2017 - Sep 2017  »  United States | United Kingdom | Norway | Svalbard and Jan Mayen | Sweden | Estonia | Russia | Finland | Germany | Netherlands | Belgium | Ireland | Iceland | Greenland | Canada

The Erwin family's Europe trip!

by ErwinEurope

London, England

Jul 2017 - Aug 2017  »  United Kingdom | France | Germany

Berlin with family and friends

by Simmo42

Celebrating a 50th birthday (not mine) and broadening the kids' minds with some European travel.

Feb 2017  »  Germany

Featured hotels in


GermanySofitel Hamburg Alter Wall 

Alter Wall 40
Hamburg 20457

Price (US$): $215 - $316 / night

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Location. Located in central Hamburg, Sofitel Hamburg Alter Wall is a business friendly hotel within walking distance of St. Nikolai Church, Hamburg City Hall, and Rathausmarket. Additional points of interest include St. Michaelis Church and Moenckebergstrasse. Hotel Features. Dining options at Sofitel Hamburg Alter Wall include 2 restaurants. A poolside bar and a bar/lounge are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves buffet breakfasts each morning in the… more »

GermanyDorint Hotel Pallas Wiesbaden 

Auguste-Viktoria-Strasse 15
Wiesbaden 65185

Price (US$): $176 - $319 / night

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Location. Located in central Wiesbaden, Dorint Hotel Pallas Wiesbaden is connected to the airport and close to Wiesbaden Town Hall, Landtag of Hessen, and Market Church. Other points of interest near this luxury hotel include Hessian State Theatre and Palace Square. Hotel Features. Recreational amenities include a health club, a spa tub, a sauna, and a steam room. This 5 star property has a 24 hour business center and offers small meeting rooms, technology support staff, and limo/town car… more »

GermanyEuropa-Park Erlebnis-Resort, Hotel Colosseo 

Europa-Park-Strasse 4 and 6
Rust 77977

Price (US$): $148 - $149 / night

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Location. Europa Park Erlebnis Resort, Hotel Colosseo is located in Rust, close to Europa Park. Regional points of interest also include Sainte Foy Church and Saint Georges Church. Hotel Features. Dining options at Europa Park Erlebnis Resort, Hotel Colosseo include a restaurant and a coffee shop/café. A poolside bar and a bar/lounge are open for drinks. The hotel serves a complimentary breakfast. Recreational amenities include an indoor pool, a health club, and a sauna. Spa amenities… more »

GermanyHotel Esplanade Resort & Spa 

Seestrasse 49
Bad Saarow 15526

Price (US$): $114 - $187 / night

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Location. Located in Bad Saarow, Hotel Esplanade Resort & Spa is a family friendly hotel on the boardwalk. Hotel Features. Hotel Esplanade Resort & Spa features a coffee shop/café, a poolside bar, and a bar/lounge. The hotel serves buffet breakfasts each morning (surcharges apply). Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, an indoor pool, a children's pool, a health club, and a spa tub. Spa amenities include spa services and a hair salon. This 4.5 star property has a 24 hour business… more »

GermanySteigenberger Inselhotel 

Auf Der Insel 1
Constance 78462

Price (US$): $147 - $335 / night

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Location. Steigenberger Inselhotel is located near the beach in Constance and close to Constance Harbor, Casino Constance, and Sealife Constance. Nearby points of interest also include Mainau Island. Hotel Features. Dining options at Steigenberger Inselhotel include 2 restaurants. 2 bars/lounges are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include a sauna and a fitness facility. This 5 star property offers small meeting rooms, secretarial services,… more »

Browse more hotels in Germany »


Full name
Federal Republic of Germany

Central Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and the North Sea, between the Netherlands and Poland, south of Denmark

Geographic coordinates

51 00 N, 9 00 E

Area comparative

slightly smaller than Montana

Border countries

Austria 784 km, Belgium 167 km, Czech Republic 646 km, Denmark 68 km, France 451 km, Luxembourg 138 km, Netherlands 577 km, Poland 456 km, Switzerland 334 km


2,389 km


temperate and marine; cool, cloudy, wet winters and summers; occasional warm mountain (foehn) wind


lowlands in north, uplands in center, Bavarian Alps in south

Lowest point

Neuendorf bei Wilster -3.54 m

Highest point

Zugspitze 2,963 m

Natural resources

coal, lignite, natural gas, iron ore, copper, nickel, uranium, potash, salt, construction materials, timber, arable land


82,282,988 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

German 91.5%, Turkish 2.4%, other 6.1% (made up largely of Greek, Italian, Polish, Russian, Serbo-Croatian, Spanish)


Protestant 34%, Roman Catholic 34%, Muslim 3.7%, unaffiliated or other 28.3%



Government type

federal republic


18 January 1871 (German Empire unification); divided into four zones of occupation (UK, US, USSR, and France) in 1945 following World War II; Federal Republic of Germany (FRG or West Germany) proclaimed 23 May 1949 and included the former UK, US, and French zones; German Democratic Republic (GDR or East Germany) proclaimed 7 October 1949 and included the former USSR zone; West Germany and East Germany unified 3 October 1990; all four powers formally relinquished rights 15 March 1991; notable earlier dates 10 August 843 (Eastern Francia established from the division of the Carolingian Empire); 2 February 962 (crowning of OTTO I, recognized as the first Holy Roman Emperor)

National holiday

Unity Day, 3 October (1990)

Chief of state

President Christian WULFF (since 30 June 2010)

Head of government

Chancellor Angela MERKEL (since 22 November 2005)

Internet country code


Internet users

65.125 million (2009)


549 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Bremen, Bremerhaven, Duisburg, Hamburg, Karlsruhe, Lubeck, Neuss-Dusseldorf, Rostock, Wilhemshaven

Other countries in the region