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Czech Republic

Background

Czech Republic

Following the First World War, the closely related Czechs and Slovaks of the former Austro-Hungarian Empire merged to form Czechoslovakia. During the interwar years, the new country's leaders were frequently preoccupied with meeting the demands of other ethnic minorities within the republic, most notably the Sudeten Germans and the Ruthenians (Ukrainians). After World War II, a truncated Czechoslovakia fell within the Soviet sphere of influence. In 1968, an invasion by Warsaw Pact troops ended the efforts of the country's leaders to liberalize Communist party rule and create "socialism with a human face." Anti-Soviet demonstrations the following year ushered in a period of harsh repression. With the collapse of Soviet authority in 1989, Czechoslovakia regained its freedom through a peaceful "Velvet Revolution." On 1 January 1993, the country underwent a "velvet divorce" into its two national components, the Czech Republic and Slovakia. The Czech Republic joined NATO in 1999 and the European Union in 2004.

About

The Czech Republic , is a small landlocked country in Central Europe, situated south-east of Germany and bordering Austria to the south, Poland to the north and Slovakia (with which it used to form one country of Czechoslovakia) to the south-east.

Read more about Czech Republic in our Czech Republic travel guide »

Featured journals from

Czech Republic

Hron 2010

by JanNovak

zápisník šíleného kapitána a jeho posádky

Jul 2010  »  Czech Republic | Slovakia

Hron 2010

by JanNovak

zápisník šíleného kapitána a jeho posádky

Jul 2010  »  Czech Republic

Featured hotels in

Czech Republic

Czech RepublicMarriott Prague 

V Celnici 8
Prague 11121
Czech Republic

Price (US$): $202 - $281 / night

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Location. Marriott Prague is a business friendly hotel located in Prague's Nove Mesto neighborhood, close to Palladium Shopping Centre, Prague City Hall, and Republic Square. Additional points of interest include Old Town Square and Wenceslas Square. Hotel Features. Marriott Prague features a coffee shop/café and a bar/lounge. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves buffet breakfasts (surcharges apply). Recreational amenities include an indoor pool, a health club, a spa… more »

Czech RepublicBuddha-Bar Hotel Prague 

Jakubska 8
Prague 110 00
Czech Republic

Price (US$): $231 - $337 / night

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Location. Located in central Prague, Buddha Bar Hotel Prague is steps from House of the Black Madonna, Republic Square, and Municipal House Hall. Nearby points of interest also include Powder Tower and Palladium Shopping Centre. Hotel Features. Buddha Bar Hotel Prague's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available. The hotel serves a complimentary hot and cold buffet breakfast each morning in the restaurant. Recreational amenities… more »

Czech RepublicPresident Hotel Prague 

Namesti Curieovych 100
Prague 11688
Czech Republic

Price (US$): $110 - $162 / night

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Location. Located in central Prague, President Hotel Prague is within walking distance of Prague Giant Metronome, Old New Synagogue, and Old Jewish Cemetery. Nearby points of interest also include Charles Bridge and Rudolfinum. Hotel Features. President Hotel Prague's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves hot and cold buffet breakfasts each morning (surcharges apply). Recreational amenities… more »

Czech RepublicHilton Prague 

Pobrezni 1
Prague 186 00
Czech Republic

Price (US$): $142 - $534 / night

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Location. Hilton Prague is located in Prague's Karlin neighborhood, close to Prague City Museum, Palladium Shopping Centre, and Republic Square. Nearby points of interest also include Municipal House Hall and Hybernia Theatre. Hotel Features. Dining options at Hilton Prague include 2 restaurants. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include an indoor pool, a health club, a spa tub, a sauna, and a steam room. The property's full… more »

Czech RepublicAlchymist Residence Nosticova 

Nosticova 1
Prague 11800
Czech Republic

Price (US$): $181 - $579 / night

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Location. Located in central Prague, Alchymist Residence Nosticova is within walking distance of Kampa Park, Charles Bridge, and Lennon Wall. Nearby points of interest also include Prague National Theatre and Clementinum Prague National Library. Hotel Features. Alchymist Residence Nosticova's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available. Recreational amenities include a health club. Spa amenities include massage/treatment rooms,… more »

Browse more hotels in Czech Republic »

Czech Republic

Capital
Prague
Location

Central Europe, between Germany, Poland, Slovakia, and Austria

Geographic coordinates

49 45 N, 15 30 E

Area comparative

slightly smaller than South Carolina

Border countries

Austria 362 km, Germany 815 km, Poland 615 km, Slovakia 197 km

Coastline

0 km (landlocked)

Climate

temperate; cool summers; cold, cloudy, humid winters

Terrain

Bohemia in the west consists of rolling plains, hills, and plateaus surrounded by low mountains; Moravia in the east consists of very hilly country

Lowest point

Elbe River 115 m

Highest point

Snezka 1,602 m

Natural resources

hard coal, soft coal, kaolin, clay, graphite, timber

Population

10,201,707 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

Czech 90.4%, Moravian 3.7%, Slovak 1.9%, other 4% (2001 census)

Religions

Roman Catholic 26.8%, Protestant 2.1%, other 3.3%, unspecified 8.8%, unaffiliated 59% (2001 census)

Languages

Czech 94.9%, Slovak 2%, other 2.3%, unidentified 0.8% (2001 census)

Government type

parliamentary democracy

Independence

1 January 1993 (Czechoslovakia split into the Czech Republic and Slovakia); note - although 1 January is the day the Czech Republic came into being, the Czechs generally consider 28 October 1918, the day the former Czechoslovakia declared its independence from the Austro-Hungarian Empire, as their independence day

National holiday

Czechoslovak Founding Day, 28 October (1918)

Chief of state

President Vaclav KLAUS (since 7 March 2003)

Head of government

Prime Minister Petr NECAS (since 28 June 2010); First Deputy Prime Minister Karel SCHWARZENBERG (since 13 July 2010), Deputy Prime Minister Radek JOHN (since 13 July 2010)

Internet country code

.cz

Internet users

6.681 million (2009)

Airports

122 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Decin, Prague, Usti nad Labem

Other countries in the region