Kilometers are shorter than miles. Save gas, take your next trip in kilometers.
— George Carlin, 1937 - 2008
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Czech Republic

Background

Czech Republic

Following the First World War, the closely related Czechs and Slovaks of the former Austro-Hungarian Empire merged to form Czechoslovakia. During the interwar years, the new country's leaders were frequently preoccupied with meeting the demands of other ethnic minorities within the republic, most notably the Sudeten Germans and the Ruthenians (Ukrainians). After World War II, a truncated Czechoslovakia fell within the Soviet sphere of influence. In 1968, an invasion by Warsaw Pact troops ended the efforts of the country's leaders to liberalize Communist party rule and create "socialism with a human face." Anti-Soviet demonstrations the following year ushered in a period of harsh repression. With the collapse of Soviet authority in 1989, Czechoslovakia regained its freedom through a peaceful "Velvet Revolution." On 1 January 1993, the country underwent a "velvet divorce" into its two national components, the Czech Republic and Slovakia. The Czech Republic joined NATO in 1999 and the European Union in 2004.

About

The Czech Republic , is a small landlocked country in Central Europe, situated south-east of Germany and bordering Austria to the south, Poland to the north and Slovakia (with which it used to form one country of Czechoslovakia) to the south-east.

Read more about Czech Republic in our Czech Republic travel guide »

Featured journals from

Czech Republic

Hron 2010

by JanNovak

zápisník šíleného kapitána a jeho posádky

Jul 2010  »  Czech Republic | Slovakia

Hron 2010

by JanNovak

zápisník šíleného kapitána a jeho posádky

Jul 2010  »  Czech Republic

Featured hotels in

Czech Republic

Czech RepublicHotel Paris 

U Obecniho Domu 1
Prague 110 00
Czech Republic

Price (US$): $146 - $263 / night

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Location. Hotel Paris is located in Prague's Stare Mesto neighborhood, close to Municipal House Hall, Republic Square, and Powder Tower. Nearby points of interest also include Hybernia Theatre and Palladium Shopping Centre. Hotel Features. Dining options at Hotel Paris include a restaurant and a coffee shop/café. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include a sauna. Spa amenities include spa services and massage/treatment rooms.… more »

Czech RepublicMamaison Hotel Riverside Prague 

Janackovo Nabrezi 15
Prague 150 00
Czech Republic

Price (US$): $109 - $344 / night

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Location. Near the airport, Mamaison Hotel Riverside Prague is located in Prague's Smichov neighborhood and close to Prague Dancing House, Clementinum Prague National Library, and Prague City Hall. Nearby points of interest also include Prague National Theatre and Charles Bridge. Hotel Features. Mamaison Hotel Riverside Prague's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. This 4.5 star property has a business… more »

Czech RepublicHotel Josef 

Rybna 20
Prague 110 00
Czech Republic

Price (US$): $141 - $171 / night

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Location. Located in central Prague, Hotel Josef is a business friendly hotel within walking distance of Palladium Shopping Centre, Republic Square, and Old Town Square. Additional points of interest include Prague City Hall and Clementinum Prague National Library. Hotel Features. Recreational amenities include a sauna and a fitness facility. This 4.5 star property has a business center and offers small meeting rooms and audiovisual equipment. Complimentary wireless Internet access is… more »

Czech RepublicJalta Hotel Prague 

Vaclavske namesti 45
Prague 110 00
Czech Republic

Price (US$): $144 - $218 / night

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Location. Located in central Prague, Jalta Hotel Prague is within walking distance of Wenceslas Square, Czech National Museum, and Lucerna Arcade. Nearby points of interest also include Prague State Opera and Mucha Museum. Hotel Features. Jalta Hotel Prague's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available during limited hours. The hotel serves a complimentary hot and cold buffet breakfast. Recreational amenities include a fitness… more »

Czech RepublicHotel Three Storks 

Valdstejnske namesti 8, Prague 1
Prague 11800
Czech Republic

Price (US$): $86 - $688 / night

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Location. Hotel Three Storks is located in Prague's Mala Strana neighborhood, close to Lesser Town Square, Charles Bridge, and St. Vitus Cathedral. Nearby points of interest also include Lennon Wall and Prague Castle. Hotel Features. Hotel Three Storks's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available during limited hours. The hotel serves a complimentary buffet breakfast. This 4.5 star property has a business center and offers a… more »

Browse more hotels in Czech Republic »

Czech Republic

Capital
Prague
Location

Central Europe, between Germany, Poland, Slovakia, and Austria

Geographic coordinates

49 45 N, 15 30 E

Area comparative

slightly smaller than South Carolina

Border countries

Austria 362 km, Germany 815 km, Poland 615 km, Slovakia 197 km

Coastline

0 km (landlocked)

Climate

temperate; cool summers; cold, cloudy, humid winters

Terrain

Bohemia in the west consists of rolling plains, hills, and plateaus surrounded by low mountains; Moravia in the east consists of very hilly country

Lowest point

Elbe River 115 m

Highest point

Snezka 1,602 m

Natural resources

hard coal, soft coal, kaolin, clay, graphite, timber

Population

10,201,707 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

Czech 90.4%, Moravian 3.7%, Slovak 1.9%, other 4% (2001 census)

Religions

Roman Catholic 26.8%, Protestant 2.1%, other 3.3%, unspecified 8.8%, unaffiliated 59% (2001 census)

Languages

Czech 94.9%, Slovak 2%, other 2.3%, unidentified 0.8% (2001 census)

Government type

parliamentary democracy

Independence

1 January 1993 (Czechoslovakia split into the Czech Republic and Slovakia); note - although 1 January is the day the Czech Republic came into being, the Czechs generally consider 28 October 1918, the day the former Czechoslovakia declared its independence from the Austro-Hungarian Empire, as their independence day

National holiday

Czechoslovak Founding Day, 28 October (1918)

Chief of state

President Vaclav KLAUS (since 7 March 2003)

Head of government

Prime Minister Petr NECAS (since 28 June 2010); First Deputy Prime Minister Karel SCHWARZENBERG (since 13 July 2010), Deputy Prime Minister Radek JOHN (since 13 July 2010)

Internet country code

.cz

Internet users

6.681 million (2009)

Airports

122 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Decin, Prague, Usti nad Labem

Other countries in the region