Travel becomes a strategy for accumulating photographs.
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Cyprus

Background

Cyprus

A former British colony, Cyprus became independent in 1960 following years of resistance to British rule. Tensions between the Greek Cypriot majority and Turkish Cypriot minority came to a head in December 1963, when violence broke out in the capital of Nicosia. Despite the deployment of UN peacekeepers in 1964, sporadic intercommunal violence continued forcing most Turkish Cypriots into enclaves throughout the island. In 1974, a Greek Government-sponsored attempt to seize control of Cyprus was met by military intervention from Turkey, which soon controlled more than a third of the island. In 1983, the Turkish Cypriot-occupied area declared itself the "Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus" ("TRNC"), but it is recognized only by Turkey. The election of a new Cypriot president in 2008 served as the impetus for the UN to encourage both the Turkish and Cypriot Governments to reopen unification negotiations. In September 2008, the leaders of the Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot communities started negotiations under UN auspices aimed at reuniting the divided island. The entire island entered the EU on 1 May 2004, although the EU acquis - the body of common rights and obligations - applies only to the areas under the internationally recognized government, and is suspended in the areas administered by Turkish Cypriots. However, individual Turkish Cypriots able to document their eligibility for Republic of Cyprus citizenship legally enjoy the same rights accorded to other citizens of European Union states.

About

Cyprus (Greek Κυπρος, Turkish Kıbrıs, ) is an island in the Mediterranean Sea, south of Turkey. After Sicily and Sardinia, Cyprus is the third largest island in the Mediterranean Sea. Although the island is geographically in Asia it is politically a European country and is a member of the European Union.

As the two regions are nearly completely separate from a traveller's point of view, this article will concentrate on the southern territory governed by the Republic of Cyprus. This is not a political endorsement of claims by either side in the dispute. For travel information regarding North Cyprus, visit the Northern Cyprus article.

Read more about Cyprus in our Cyprus travel guide »

Featured journals from

Cyprus

Кипр

by asy

May 2010  »  Cyprus

Featured hotels in

Cyprus

CyprusThalassa Boutique Hotel & Spa 

Coral Bay
Pegeia 08099
Cyprus

Price (US$): $161 - $515 / night

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Location. Thalassa Boutique Hotel & Spa is located on the beach in Pegeia, close to Coral Bay Beach. Other points of interest are Tombs of the Kings and Saint Neophytos Monastery. Hotel Features. Dining options at Thalassa Boutique Hotel & Spa include 2 restaurants. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves a complimentary hot and cold buffet breakfast. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, an indoor pool, an outdoor tennis court, a… more »

CyprusGrandResort 

Amathus Area
P.O.Box 54500
Limassol 3724
Cyprus

Price (US$): $216 - $561 / night

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Location. GrandResort is located on the beach in Limassol, close to Amathus Ruins and Amathus Beach. Other regional attractions include Limassol Castle and Limassol District Archaeological Museum. Hotel Features. GrandResort features 2 coffee shops/cafés, 3 bars/lounges, a beach bar, and a poolside bar. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves a complimentary buffet breakfast each morning in the breakfast area. Recreational amenities include 3 spa tubs. Also located on… more »

CyprusAnnabelle 

Poseidon Ave
Paphos 8102
Cyprus

Price (US$): $141 - $329 / night

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Location. Annabelle is located on the beach in Paphos's Kato Paphos neighborhood, close to Early Christian Basilica, Paphos Harbour, and Paphos Archaeological Park. Other points of interest near this luxury hotel include Paphos Lighthouse and Tombs of the Kings. Hotel Features. Dining options at Annabelle include 4 restaurants. A swim up bar, a poolside bar, and a bar/lounge are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves a complimentary buffet breakfast.… more »

CyprusAlmyra 

12 Poseidonos Avenue
Paphos 8042
Cyprus

Price (US$): $127 - $854 / night

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Location. Almyra is located near the beach in Paphos's Kato Paphos neighborhood and close to Early Christian Basilica, Paphos Harbour, and Paphos Archaeological Park. Nearby points of interest also include Paphos Lighthouse and Tombs of the Kings. Hotel Features. Dining options at Almyra include 4 restaurants. A poolside bar and a bar/lounge are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. A complimentary hot and cold buffet breakfast is served each morning. Recreational… more »

CyprusAdams Beach Hotel 

Nissi Avenue Ayia Napa
Ayia Napa 5340
Cyprus

Price (US$): $293 - $648 / night

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Location. Adams Beach Hotel is located on the beach in Ayia Napa, close to Nissi Beach, Ayia Napa Monastery, and Water World Ayia Napa. Other points of interest near this luxury hotel include Thalassa Museum and Grecian Bay Beach. Hotel Features. Adams Beach Hotel features a beach bar, a poolside bar, a swim up bar, and a snack bar/deli. Room service is available 24 hours a day. A complimentary breakfast is served each morning in the restaurant. Recreational amenities include 4 outdoor… more »

Browse more hotels in Cyprus »

Cyprus

Full name
Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti
Capital
Nicosia
Location

Middle East, island in the Mediterranean Sea, south of Turkey

Geographic coordinates

35 00 N, 33 00 E

Area comparative

about 0.6 times the size of Connecticut

Coastline

648 km

Climate

temperate; Mediterranean with hot, dry summers and cool winters

Terrain

central plain with mountains to north and south; scattered but significant plains along southern coast

Lowest point

Mediterranean Sea 0 m

Highest point

Mount Olympus 1,951 m

Natural resources

copper, pyrites, asbestos, gypsum, timber, salt, marble, clay earth pigment

Population

1,102,677 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

Greek 77%, Turkish 18%, other 5% (2001)

Religions

Greek Orthodox 78%, Muslim 18%, other (includes Maronite and Armenian Apostolic) 4%

Languages

Greek (official), Turkish (official), English

Government type

republic

Independence

16 August 1960 (from the UK); note - Turkish Cypriots proclaimed self-rule on 13 February 1975 and independence in 1983, but these proclamations are only recognized by Turkey

National holiday

Independence Day, 1 October (1960); note - Turkish Cypriots celebrate 15 November (1983) as Independence Day

Chief of state

President Demetris CHRISTOFIAS (since 28 February 2008); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government; post of vice president is currently vacant; under the 1960 constitution, the post is reserved for a Turkish Cypriot

Head of government

President Demetris CHRISTOFIAS (since 28 February 2008)

Internet country code

.cy

Internet users

433,900 (2009)

Airports

15 (2010)

Ports and terminals

area under government control Larnaca, Limassol, Vasilikos;; area administered by Turkish Cypriots Famagusta, Kyrenia

Other countries in the region