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Comoros

Background

Comoros

Comoros has endured more than 20 coups or attempted coups since gaining independence from France in 1975. In 1997, the islands of Anjouan and Moheli declared independence from Comoros. In 1999, military chief Col. AZALI seized power in a bloodless coup, and helped negotiate the 2000 Fomboni Accords power-sharing agreement in which the federal presidency rotates among the three islands, and each island maintains its own local government. AZALI won the 2002 presidential election, and each island in the archipelago elected its own president. AZALI stepped down in 2006 and President SAMBI was elected to office. In 2007, Mohamed BACAR effected Anjouan's de-facto secession from the Union, refusing to step down in favor of fresh Anjouanais elections when Comoros' other islands held legitimate elections in July. The African Union (AU) initially attempted to resolve the political crisis by applying sanctions and a naval blockade on Anjouan, but in March 2008, AU and Comoran soldiers seized the island. The move was generally welcomed by the island's inhabitants.

About

The Comoros are an island nation off the coast of East Africa, in the Indian Ocean between northern Mozambique and northern Madagascar.

Read more about Comoros in our Comoros travel guide »

Featured journals from

Comoros

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Featured hotels in

Comoros

ComorosCristal Itsandra Beach Hotel 

BP 8217
Moroni 8217
Comoros

Price (US$): $195 - $309 / night

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Location. Cristal Itsandra Beach Hotel is located on the beach in Moroni and local attractions include Old Friday Mosque. Regional points of interest also include Chomoni Beach and Mount Karthala. Hotel Features. Cristal Itsandra Beach Hotel's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. 3 bars/lounges are open for drinks. This 4 star property has a business center and offers a meeting/conference room, secretarial services, and audiovisual equipment. Additional property amenities include… more »

ComorosRetaj Moroni Hotel 

BP 2502
Moroni
Comoros

Price (US$): $143 - $204 / night

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Location. Located in Moroni, Retaj Moroni Hotel is by the ocean and close to Old Friday Mosque. Regional points of interest also include Mount Karthala and Chomoni Beach. Hotel Features. Retaj Moroni Hotel's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. The hotel also has a snack bar/deli and a coffee shop/café. A poolside bar is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves a complimentary buffet breakfast each morning in the dining room. Recreational… more »

Browse more hotels in Comoros »

Comoros

Full name
Union of the Comoros
Capital
Moroni
Location

Southern Africa, group of islands at the northern mouth of the Mozambique Channel, about two-thirds of the way between northern Madagascar and northern Mozambique

Geographic coordinates

12 10 S, 44 15 E

Area comparative

slightly more than 12 times the size of Washington, DC

Coastline

340 km

Climate

tropical marine; rainy season (November to May)

Terrain

volcanic islands, interiors vary from steep mountains to low hills

Lowest point

Indian Ocean 0 m

Highest point

Karthala 2,360 m

Natural resources

NEGL

Population

773,407 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

Antalote, Cafre, Makoa, Oimatsaha, Sakalava

Religions

Sunni Muslim 98%, Roman Catholic 2%

Languages

Arabic (official), French (official), Shikomoro (a blend of Swahili and Arabic)

Government type

republic

Independence

6 July 1975 (from France)

National holiday

Independence Day, 6 July (1975)

Chief of state

President Ahmed Abdallah SAMBI (since 26 May 2006)

Head of government

President Ahmed Abdallah SAMBI (since 26 May 2006)

Internet country code

.km

Internet users

24,300 (2009)

Airports

4 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Mayotte, Mutsamudu

Other countries in the region