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Congo (Brazzaville)

Background

Congo (Brazzaville)

Upon independence in 1960, the former French region of Middle Congo became the Republic of the Congo. A quarter century of experimentation with Marxism was abandoned in 1990 and a democratically elected government took office in 1992. A brief civil war in 1997 restored former Marxist President Denis SASSOU-NGUESSO, and ushered in a period of ethnic and political unrest. Southern-based rebel groups agreed to a final peace accord in March 2003, but the calm is tenuous and refugees continue to present a humanitarian crisis. The Republic of Congo was once one of Africa's largest petroleum producers, but with declining production it will need new offshore oil finds to sustain its oil earnings over the long term.

About

The Republic of the Congo is in Central Africa. The country is also known as Congo-Brazzaville to distinguish it from its giant eastern neighbour, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (Congo-Kinshasa). It is bordered by Gabon, Cameroon, the Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Angola (the exclave of Cabinda).

Read more about Congo (Brazzaville) in our Congo (Brazzaville) travel guide »

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Congo (Brazzaville)

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Featured hotels in

Congo (Brazzaville)

Congo (Brazzaville)Atlantic Palace Hotel 

Charles De Gaulle
Pointe-Noire 1212
Congo (Brazzaville)

Price (US$): $276 - $1595 / night

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Location. Atlantic Palace Hotel is located near the beach in central Pointe Noire and close to Pointe Noire Beach. Hotel Features. Atlantic Palace Hotel's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. The hotel also has a snack bar/deli and a coffee shop/café. A poolside bar and a bar/lounge are open for drinks. Room service is available. The hotel serves full breakfasts each morning in the restaurant (surcharges apply). Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, a health club, a… more »

Congo (Brazzaville)MEMLING HOTEL KINSHASA 

5d Av de la Rep. du Tchad
Gombe BP68
Congo (Brazzaville)

Price (US$): $270 - $1320 / night

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IT IS A LUXURIOUS HOTEL WITH, 180 ROOMS INCLUDING 2PRESIDENTIAL SUITES AND 17 JUNIORS SUITES, ALL EQUIPPEDWITH, SATELLITE TV CHANNELS, IN ROOM INDIVIDUAL SAFETYDEPOSIT BOX, IDD TELEPHONE, ELECTRONIC DOOR LOCK ANDMINBARS, TWO RESTAURANTS, BARS, CONFERENCE AND MEETING ROOMSFROM 10 UP TO 220 PAX, SWIMMING POOL, AND A FITNESS CENTRE.INTERNET WIFI ACCESS IN ALL PUBLIC AREAS AND ALL ROOMS, ANINDOOR SHOPPING ARCADE WITH BANK, CAR RENTAL, PHARMACY ANDSOUVENIRS SHOPS. 180 ROOMS 7 LEVELS INTERIOR CORRIDOR more »

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Congo (Brazzaville)

Full name
Republic of the Congo
Capital
Brazzaville
Location

Western Africa, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Angola and Gabon

Geographic coordinates

1 00 S, 15 00 E

Area comparative

slightly smaller than Montana

Border countries

Angola 201 km, Cameroon 523 km, Central African Republic 467 km, Democratic Republic of the Congo 2,410 km, Gabon 1,903 km

Coastline

169 km

Climate

tropical; rainy season (March to June); dry season (June to October); persistent high temperatures and humidity; particularly enervating climate astride the Equator

Terrain

coastal plain, southern basin, central plateau, northern basin

Lowest point

Atlantic Ocean 0 m

Highest point

Mount Berongou 903 m

Natural resources

petroleum, timber, potash, lead, zinc, uranium, copper, phosphates, gold, magnesium, natural gas, hydropower

Population

4,125,916

Ethnic groups

Kongo 48%, Sangha 20%, M'Bochi 12%, Teke 17%, Europeans and other 3%

Religions

Christian 50%, animist 48%, Muslim 2%

Languages

French (official), Lingala and Monokutuba (lingua franca trade languages), many local languages and dialects (of which Kikongo is the most widespread)

Government type

republic

Independence

15 August 1960 (from France)

National holiday

Independence Day, 15 August (1960)

Chief of state

President Denis SASSOU-Nguesso (since 25 October 1997, following the civil war in which he toppled elected president Pascal LISSOUBA); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

Head of government

President Denis SASSOU-Nguesso (since 25 October 1997); note - the position of prime minister was abolished in September 2009

Internet country code

.cg

Internet users

245,200 (2009)

Airports

25 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Brazzaville, Djeno, Impfondo, Ouesso, Oyo, Pointe-Noire

Other countries in the region