To travel is to discover that everyone is wrong about other countries.
— Aldous Huxley, 1894 - 1963
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China (People's Republic)

Background

China (People's Republic)

For centuries China stood as a leading civilization, outpacing the rest of the world in the arts and sciences, but in the 19th and early 20th centuries, the country was beset by civil unrest, major famines, military defeats, and foreign occupation. After World War II, the Communists under MAO Zedong established an autocratic socialist system that, while ensuring China's sovereignty, imposed strict controls over everyday life and cost the lives of tens of millions of people. After 1978, MAO's successor DENG Xiaoping and other leaders focused on market-oriented economic development and by 2000 output had quadrupled. For much of the population, living standards have improved dramatically and the room for personal choice has expanded, yet political controls remain tight. China since the early 1990s has increased its global outreach and participation in international organizations.

About

China (中国; Zhōngguó) , officially known as the People's Republic of China (中华人民共和国 Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó) is a vast country in Eastern Asia (about the same size as the United States of America) with the world's largest population.

For other places with the same name, see China (disambiguation).

With coasts on the East China Sea, Korea Bay, Yellow Sea, and South China Sea, in total it borders 14 nations. It borders Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, Laos and Vietnam to the south; Tajikistan, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan to the west; Russia and Mongolia to the north and North Korea to the east. This number of neighboring states is equaled only by China's vast neighbor to the north, Russia.

For Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan, please see separate articles.

Read more about China (People's Republic) in our China (People's Republic) travel guide »

Featured journals from

China (People's Republic)

Roaming Without a Home

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Beijing Revisited

Jan 2014 - Feb 2014  »  Taiwan | China (People's Republic)

北京五天豪華團(康泰)

by yee429

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12/14/13 ~ 1/03/14

Dec 2013  »  China (People's Republic)

Travel Adventures and Great Local Accommodation Spots

by stefanie

A journal of adventure, travel and hot spots that you must visit.

Sep 2006 - Apr 2013  »  Japan | China (People's Republic)

2nd Trip to China

by ozray

Accompanying my Father to China at the invitation of the Chinese Government.

Jun 2007  »  China (People's Republic)

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Featured hotels in

China (People's Republic)

China (People's Republic)Gallery Suites 

525 Heng Shan Road
Shanghai 200030
China (People's Republic)

Price (US$): $139 - $167 / night

Check rates »

Location. Gallery Suites is a business friendly hotel located in Shanghai's Puxi neighborhood, close to Ferguson Lane, Shanghai Public Library, and Jing An Temple. Additional points of interest include French Concession and Xintiandi. Hotel Features. Gallery Suites's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. The hotel serves a complimentary breakfast. This 4.5 star property has a business center and offers small meeting rooms and a technology helpdesk. Complimentary wireless and wired… more »

China (People's Republic)The Westin Beijing Chaoyang 

7 North Dongsanhuan Road
Chaoyang District
Beijing 100027
China (People's Republic)

Price (US$): $281 - $554 / night

Check rates »

Location. The Westin Beijing Chaoyang is a business friendly hotel located in Beijing's Middle Chaoyang neighborhood, close to National Agricultural Exhibition Center, Lama Temple, and CCTV Headquarters. Additional points of interest include Ditan Park and Wangfujing Street. Hotel Features. In addition to 3 restaurants, The Westin Beijing Chaoyang offers a snack bar/deli and a coffee shop/café. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves… more »

China (People's Republic)Hyatt Regency Qingdao 

88 Donghai East Road
Laoshan District
Qingdao 266061
China (People's Republic)

Price (US$): $126 - $383 / night

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Location. Hyatt Regency Qingdao is located on the beach in Qingdao's Laoshan neighborhood, close to Qingdao Modern Art Park, Qingdao Museum, and Yizhong Sports Center. Qingdao University is also a point of interest near this luxury hotel. Hotel Features. Recreational amenities include an indoor pool and a 24 hour fitness facility. The property's full service health spa has body treatments, massage/treatment rooms, and facials. This 4.5 star property has a business center and offers small… more »

China (People's Republic)Pingdingshan Yunhai Hotel 

Chang'an Ave and Huarien Rd
Xin Hua Qu
Pingdingshan 467000
China (People's Republic)

Location. Located in Pingdingshan, Pingdingshan Yunhai Hotel is in the suburbs. Hotel Features. Dining options at Pingdingshan Yunhai Hotel include 2 restaurants. Room service is available during limited hours. Recreational amenities include an indoor pool and a fitness facility. This 4.5 star property has a business center. Wireless Internet access (surcharge) is available in public areas. Concierge services and tour/ticket assistance are available. Self parking is complimentary. Additional… more »

China (People's Republic)Hyatt On The Bund 

199 Huang Pu Road
Shanghai 200080
China (People's Republic)

Price (US$): $224 - $329 / night

Check rates »

Location. Hyatt On The Bund is a business friendly hotel located in Shanghai's Puxi neighborhood, close to Waibaidu Bridge, Shanghai International Convention Centre, and The Bund. Additional points of interest include Oriental Pearl Tower and Pudong Riverside Promenade and Park. Hotel Features. Dining options at Hyatt On The Bund include 6 restaurants. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include an indoor pool, a health club, a… more »

Browse more hotels in China (People's Republic) »

China (People's Republic)

Full name
People's Republic of China
Capital
Beijing
Location

Eastern Asia, bordering the East China Sea, Korea Bay, Yellow Sea, and South China Sea, between North Korea and Vietnam

Geographic coordinates

35 00 N, 105 00 E

Area comparative

slightly smaller than the US

Border countries

Afghanistan 76 km, Bhutan 470 km, Burma 2,185 km, India 3,380 km, Kazakhstan 1,533 km, North Korea 1,416 km, Kyrgyzstan 858 km, Laos 423 km, Mongolia 4,677 km, Nepal 1,236 km, Pakistan 523 km, Russia (northeast) 3,605 km, Russia (northwest) 40 km, Tajikistan 414 km, Vietnam 1,281 km

Coastline

14,500 km

Climate

extremely diverse; tropical in south to subarctic in north

Terrain

mostly mountains, high plateaus, deserts in west; plains, deltas, and hills in east

Lowest point

Turpan Pendi -154 m

Highest point

Mount Everest 8,850 m

Natural resources

coal, iron ore, petroleum, natural gas, mercury, tin, tungsten, antimony, manganese, molybdenum, vanadium, magnetite, aluminum, lead, zinc, rare earth elements, uranium, hydropower potential (world's largest)

Population

1,330,141,295 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

Han Chinese 91.5%, Zhuang, Manchu, Hui, Miao, Uighur, Tujia, Yi, Mongol, Tibetan, Buyi, Dong, Yao, Korean, and other nationalities 8.5% (2000 census)

Religions

Daoist (Taoist), Buddhist, Christian 3%-4%, Muslim 1%-2%

Languages

Standard Chinese or Mandarin (Putonghua, based on the Beijing dialect) (official), Yue (Cantonese), Wu (Shanghainese), Minbei (Fuzhou), Minnan (Hokkien-Taiwanese), Xiang, Gan, Hakka dialects, minority languages (see Ethnic groups entry)

Government type

Communist state

Independence

1 October 1949 (People's Republic of China established); notable earlier dates 221 BC (unification under the Qin Dynasty); 1 January 1912 (Qing Dynasty replaced by the Republic of China)

National holiday

Anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China, 1 October (1949)

Chief of state

President HU Jintao (since 15 March 2003); Vice President XI Jinping (since 15 March 2008)

Head of government

Premier WEN Jiabao (since 16 March 2003); Executive Vice Premier LI Keqiang (17 March 2008), Vice Premier HUI Liangyu (since 17 March 2003), Vice Premier ZHANG Dejiang (since 17 March 2008), and Vice Premier WANG Qishan (since 17 March 2008)

Internet country code

.cn

Internet users

389 million (2009)

Airports

502 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Dalian, Guangzhou, Ningbo, Qingdao, Qinhuangdao, Shanghai, Shenzhen, Tianjin

Other countries in the region