Traveling tends to magnify all human emotions.
— Peter Hoeg, 1957 -

China (People's Republic)


China (People's Republic)

For centuries China stood as a leading civilization, outpacing the rest of the world in the arts and sciences, but in the 19th and early 20th centuries, the country was beset by civil unrest, major famines, military defeats, and foreign occupation. After World War II, the Communists under MAO Zedong established an autocratic socialist system that, while ensuring China's sovereignty, imposed strict controls over everyday life and cost the lives of tens of millions of people. After 1978, MAO's successor DENG Xiaoping and other leaders focused on market-oriented economic development and by 2000 output had quadrupled. For much of the population, living standards have improved dramatically and the room for personal choice has expanded, yet political controls remain tight. China since the early 1990s has increased its global outreach and participation in international organizations.


China (中国; Zhōngguó) , officially known as the People's Republic of China (中华人民共和国 Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó) is a vast country in Eastern Asia (about the same size as the United States of America) with the world's largest population.

For other places with the same name, see China (disambiguation).

With coasts on the East China Sea, Korea Bay, Yellow Sea, and South China Sea, in total it borders 14 nations. It borders Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, Laos and Vietnam to the south; Tajikistan, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan to the west; Russia and Mongolia to the north and North Korea to the east. This number of neighboring states is equaled only by China's vast neighbor to the north, Russia.

For Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan, please see separate articles.

Read more about China (People's Republic) in our China (People's Republic) travel guide »

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A journal of adventure, travel and hot spots that you must visit.

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Jun 2007  »  China (People's Republic)

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Featured hotels in

China (People's Republic)

China (People's Republic)Crowne Plaza Xiangfan 

No. 11 North Changhong Rd.
Xiangyang 441000
China (People's Republic)

Price (US$): $69 - $182 / night

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Location. Crowne Plaza Xiangfan is a business friendly hotel located in Xiangyang's Xiangcheng neighborhood. Hotel Features. Dining options at Crowne Plaza Xiangfan include 3 restaurants. 2 bars/lounges are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves hot and cold buffet breakfasts each morning in the restaurant (surcharges apply). Recreational amenities include an indoor pool, a sauna, a fitness facility, and a steam room. Spa amenities include spa services,… more »

China (People's Republic)Hilton Shanghai Hongqiao 

No.1116 Hong Song East Road
Minhang 201103
China (People's Republic)

Price (US$): $208 - $425 / night

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Location. Near the airport, Hilton Shanghai Hongqiao is located in Minhang's Hongqiao neighborhood and close to Caohejing Hi Tech Park, Shanghai East Asia Exhibition Hall, and Parkson Shopping Center. Additional points of interest include Shanghai Zoo and St. Ignatius Cathedral. Hotel Features. Hilton Shanghai Hongqiao features a restaurant and a bar/lounge. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include an indoor pool, a health club, a sauna, and a steam room.… more »

China (People's Republic)New Joyful Hotel - Leqing 

777 South Liuqing Road
Liushi Town, Leqing
Wenzhou 325604
China (People's Republic)

Location. New Joyful Hotel Leqing is located in Wenzhou's Yueqing neighborhood and attractions in the region include Wenzhou International Convention and Exhibition Center and Century Square. Hotel Features. Dining options at New Joyful Hotel Leqing include a restaurant and a coffee shop/café. Room service is available during limited hours. Recreational amenities include a sauna and a fitness facility. Spa amenities include spa services and a hair salon. This 4.5 star property has a… more »

China (People's Republic)Empark Grand Hotel Changsha 

No 199 Jintai Road, Kaifu District
Changsha 410008
China (People's Republic)

Price (US$): $111 - $263 / night

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Location. Located in Changsha, Empark Grand Hotel Changsha is near the airport and close to Hunan Provincial Museum and Martyrs' Park. Other area points of interest include Helong Stadium and Hunan University. Hotel Features. Dining options at Empark Grand Hotel Changsha include 4 restaurants. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include an indoor pool and a health club. Spa amenities include massage/treatment rooms and body… more »

China (People's Republic)Wyndham Grand Plaza Royale Oriental Shanghai 

2288 Pudong Avenue Shanghai
Shanghai 200136
China (People's Republic)

Price (US$): $125 - $286 / night

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Location. Near the airport, Wyndham Grand Plaza Royale Oriental Shanghai is located in Shanghai's Pudong neighborhood and close to Yangpu Bridge, Shanghai Stock Exchange, and Yuanshen Stadium. Nearby points of interest also include Shanghai Science and Technology Museum and Shanghai Jewish Refugees Museum. Hotel Features. Dining options at Wyndham Grand Plaza Royale Oriental Shanghai include 4 restaurants. A poolside bar and a bar/lounge are open for drinks. Room service is available 24… more »

Browse more hotels in China (People's Republic) »

China (People's Republic)

Full name
People's Republic of China

Eastern Asia, bordering the East China Sea, Korea Bay, Yellow Sea, and South China Sea, between North Korea and Vietnam

Geographic coordinates

35 00 N, 105 00 E

Area comparative

slightly smaller than the US

Border countries

Afghanistan 76 km, Bhutan 470 km, Burma 2,185 km, India 3,380 km, Kazakhstan 1,533 km, North Korea 1,416 km, Kyrgyzstan 858 km, Laos 423 km, Mongolia 4,677 km, Nepal 1,236 km, Pakistan 523 km, Russia (northeast) 3,605 km, Russia (northwest) 40 km, Tajikistan 414 km, Vietnam 1,281 km


14,500 km


extremely diverse; tropical in south to subarctic in north


mostly mountains, high plateaus, deserts in west; plains, deltas, and hills in east

Lowest point

Turpan Pendi -154 m

Highest point

Mount Everest 8,850 m

Natural resources

coal, iron ore, petroleum, natural gas, mercury, tin, tungsten, antimony, manganese, molybdenum, vanadium, magnetite, aluminum, lead, zinc, rare earth elements, uranium, hydropower potential (world's largest)


1,330,141,295 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

Han Chinese 91.5%, Zhuang, Manchu, Hui, Miao, Uighur, Tujia, Yi, Mongol, Tibetan, Buyi, Dong, Yao, Korean, and other nationalities 8.5% (2000 census)


Daoist (Taoist), Buddhist, Christian 3%-4%, Muslim 1%-2%


Standard Chinese or Mandarin (Putonghua, based on the Beijing dialect) (official), Yue (Cantonese), Wu (Shanghainese), Minbei (Fuzhou), Minnan (Hokkien-Taiwanese), Xiang, Gan, Hakka dialects, minority languages (see Ethnic groups entry)

Government type

Communist state


1 October 1949 (People's Republic of China established); notable earlier dates 221 BC (unification under the Qin Dynasty); 1 January 1912 (Qing Dynasty replaced by the Republic of China)

National holiday

Anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China, 1 October (1949)

Chief of state

President HU Jintao (since 15 March 2003); Vice President XI Jinping (since 15 March 2008)

Head of government

Premier WEN Jiabao (since 16 March 2003); Executive Vice Premier LI Keqiang (17 March 2008), Vice Premier HUI Liangyu (since 17 March 2003), Vice Premier ZHANG Dejiang (since 17 March 2008), and Vice Premier WANG Qishan (since 17 March 2008)

Internet country code


Internet users

389 million (2009)


502 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Dalian, Guangzhou, Ningbo, Qingdao, Qinhuangdao, Shanghai, Shenzhen, Tianjin

Other countries in the region