There are no foreign lands. It is the traveler only who is foreign.
— Robert Louis Stevenson, 1850 - 1894
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China (People's Republic)

Background

China (People's Republic)

For centuries China stood as a leading civilization, outpacing the rest of the world in the arts and sciences, but in the 19th and early 20th centuries, the country was beset by civil unrest, major famines, military defeats, and foreign occupation. After World War II, the Communists under MAO Zedong established an autocratic socialist system that, while ensuring China's sovereignty, imposed strict controls over everyday life and cost the lives of tens of millions of people. After 1978, MAO's successor DENG Xiaoping and other leaders focused on market-oriented economic development and by 2000 output had quadrupled. For much of the population, living standards have improved dramatically and the room for personal choice has expanded, yet political controls remain tight. China since the early 1990s has increased its global outreach and participation in international organizations.

About

China (中国; Zhōngguó) , officially known as the People's Republic of China (中华人民共和国 Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó) is a vast country in Eastern Asia (about the same size as the United States of America) with the world's largest population.

For other places with the same name, see China (disambiguation).

With coasts on the East China Sea, Korea Bay, Yellow Sea, and South China Sea, in total it borders 14 nations. It borders Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, Laos and Vietnam to the south; Tajikistan, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan to the west; Russia and Mongolia to the north and North Korea to the east. This number of neighboring states is equaled only by China's vast neighbor to the north, Russia.

For Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan, please see separate articles.

Read more about China (People's Republic) in our China (People's Republic) travel guide »

Featured journals from

China (People's Republic)

Roaming Without a Home

by hobovoodoo

My Life on My Back, The World at My Feet...

Jan 2014 - Aug 2014  »  China (People's Republic) | Nepal | India | Thailand

Ali's Asian Adventure

by alikat64

Beijing Revisited

Jan 2014 - Feb 2014  »  Taiwan | China (People's Republic)

北京五天豪華團(康泰)

by yee429

是次與娟媽同遊中國首都 - 北京 my travel buddy - sony 貓

Oct 2011  »  Hong Kong (S.A.R.) | China (People's Republic)

chaiwan

by skinnerbucks

12/14/13 ~ 1/03/14

Dec 2013  »  China (People's Republic)

Travel Adventures and Great Local Accommodation Spots

by stefanie

A journal of adventure, travel and hot spots that you must visit.

Sep 2006 - Apr 2013  »  Japan | China (People's Republic)

2nd Trip to China

by ozray

Accompanying my Father to China at the invitation of the Chinese Government.

Jun 2007  »  China (People's Republic)

Corée du Nord

by SoMaGaDe

Voyage dans le temps et l'espace

Apr 2017  »  China (People's Republic) | Switzerland

Featured hotels in

China (People's Republic)

China (People's Republic)Nanchang Ligao Crowne Plaza Hotel 

No.266 Yanjiangzhong Avenue
Xihu District, Nanchang
Nanchang 330025
China (People's Republic)

Location. Nanchang Ligao Crowne Plaza Hotel is located in central Nanchang, close to Pavilion of Prince Teng, August 1 Uprising Museum, and Bayi Park. Nearby points of interest also include Bayi Square. Hotel Features. Dining options at Nanchang Ligao Crowne Plaza Hotel include 3 restaurants. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include an indoor pool and a fitness facility. Spa amenities include spa services and a hair salon. This 4.5 star property has a business… more »

China (People's Republic)Hotel Kunlun 

No.2 Xinyuan South Road
Chaoyang District
Beijing 100004
China (People's Republic)

Price (US$): $256 - $339 / night

Check rates »

Location. Hotel Kunlun is a business friendly hotel located in Beijing's Middle Chaoyang neighborhood, close to National Agricultural Exhibition Center, Lama Temple, and Ditan Park. Additional points of interest include CCTV Headquarters and Wangfujing Street. Hotel Features. In addition to 8 restaurants, Hotel Kunlun offers a snack bar/deli and a coffee shop/café. 5 bars/lounges are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves buffet breakfasts each morning… more »

China (People's Republic)Pan Pacific Suzhou 

259 Xin Shi Road
Suzhou 215007
China (People's Republic)

Price (US$): $154 - $202 / night

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Location. Pan Pacific Suzhou is a business friendly hotel located in central Suzhou, close to Pan Gate, Master of the Nets Garden, and Xuanmiao Temple. Additional points of interest include Suzhou University and Beisi Pagoda. Hotel Features. In addition to 2 restaurants, Pan Pacific Suzhou offers a snack bar/deli and a coffee shop/café. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves buffet breakfasts each morning (surcharges apply). Recreational… more »

China (People's Republic)Le Meridien Qingdao 

112 Yanji Road
Shi Bei District
Qingdao 266034
China (People's Republic)

Price (US$): $96 - $425 / night

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Location. Le Meridien Qingdao is a business friendly hotel located in central Qingdao, close to May Fourth Square, Zhanshan Temple, and Qingdao Botanical Gardens. Additional points of interest include Qingdao Zoo and Qingdao University. Hotel Features. Dining options at Le Meridien Qingdao include 3 restaurants. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves buffet breakfasts each morning (surcharges apply). Recreational amenities include an… more »

China (People's Republic)KEMPINSKI HOTEL YINCHUAN 

No 160 Beijing Middle Road
Jin Feng District
Yinchuan 750002
China (People's Republic)

Price (US$): $179 - $6088 / night

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kempinski Hotel Yinchuan is across from the International Conference & Exhibition Center, Museum of Ningxia,Seience & Exhibitions Center,Museum of Ningxia,Seience & Technology Museum and the Peoples Squarc, The hotel includes an attached shopping mall and business tower making the kempinski Hotel Yinchuan the idea place for business and shopping.Each of he kempinski Hotel Yinchuan's 409 accommodations offers luxury and services of world class international hotel with elegance and… more »

Browse more hotels in China (People's Republic) »

China (People's Republic)

Full name
People's Republic of China
Capital
Beijing
Location

Eastern Asia, bordering the East China Sea, Korea Bay, Yellow Sea, and South China Sea, between North Korea and Vietnam

Geographic coordinates

35 00 N, 105 00 E

Area comparative

slightly smaller than the US

Border countries

Afghanistan 76 km, Bhutan 470 km, Burma 2,185 km, India 3,380 km, Kazakhstan 1,533 km, North Korea 1,416 km, Kyrgyzstan 858 km, Laos 423 km, Mongolia 4,677 km, Nepal 1,236 km, Pakistan 523 km, Russia (northeast) 3,605 km, Russia (northwest) 40 km, Tajikistan 414 km, Vietnam 1,281 km

Coastline

14,500 km

Climate

extremely diverse; tropical in south to subarctic in north

Terrain

mostly mountains, high plateaus, deserts in west; plains, deltas, and hills in east

Lowest point

Turpan Pendi -154 m

Highest point

Mount Everest 8,850 m

Natural resources

coal, iron ore, petroleum, natural gas, mercury, tin, tungsten, antimony, manganese, molybdenum, vanadium, magnetite, aluminum, lead, zinc, rare earth elements, uranium, hydropower potential (world's largest)

Population

1,330,141,295 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

Han Chinese 91.5%, Zhuang, Manchu, Hui, Miao, Uighur, Tujia, Yi, Mongol, Tibetan, Buyi, Dong, Yao, Korean, and other nationalities 8.5% (2000 census)

Religions

Daoist (Taoist), Buddhist, Christian 3%-4%, Muslim 1%-2%

Languages

Standard Chinese or Mandarin (Putonghua, based on the Beijing dialect) (official), Yue (Cantonese), Wu (Shanghainese), Minbei (Fuzhou), Minnan (Hokkien-Taiwanese), Xiang, Gan, Hakka dialects, minority languages (see Ethnic groups entry)

Government type

Communist state

Independence

1 October 1949 (People's Republic of China established); notable earlier dates 221 BC (unification under the Qin Dynasty); 1 January 1912 (Qing Dynasty replaced by the Republic of China)

National holiday

Anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China, 1 October (1949)

Chief of state

President HU Jintao (since 15 March 2003); Vice President XI Jinping (since 15 March 2008)

Head of government

Premier WEN Jiabao (since 16 March 2003); Executive Vice Premier LI Keqiang (17 March 2008), Vice Premier HUI Liangyu (since 17 March 2003), Vice Premier ZHANG Dejiang (since 17 March 2008), and Vice Premier WANG Qishan (since 17 March 2008)

Internet country code

.cn

Internet users

389 million (2009)

Airports

502 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Dalian, Guangzhou, Ningbo, Qingdao, Qinhuangdao, Shanghai, Shenzhen, Tianjin

Other countries in the region