People don't take trips - trips take people.
— John Steinbeck, 1902 - 1968
EN
EN

Brazil

Background

Brazil

Following more than three centuries under Portuguese rule, Brazil gained its independence in 1822, maintaining a monarchical system of government until the abolition of slavery in 1888 and the subsequent proclamation of a republic by the military in 1889. Brazilian coffee exporters politically dominated the country until populist leader Getulio VARGAS rose to power in 1930. By far the largest and most populous country in South America, Brazil underwent more than half a century of populist and military government until 1985, when the military regime peacefully ceded power to civilian rulers. Brazil continues to pursue industrial and agricultural growth and development of its interior. Exploiting vast natural resources and a large labor pool, it is today South America's leading economic power and a regional leader, one of the first in the area to begin an economic recovery. Highly unequal income distribution and crime remain pressing problems. In January 2010, Brazil assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2010-11 term.

About

Brazil (Portuguese: Brasil), , is the largest country in South America and fifth largest in the world. Famous for its football (soccer) tradition and its annual Carnaval in Rio de Janeiro, Salvador, Recife and Olinda. It is a country of great diversity, from the bustling urban mosaic of São Paulo to the infinite cultural energy of Pernambuco and Bahia, the untouched wilderness of the Amazon rainforest and world-class landmarks such as the Iguaçu Falls, there is plenty to see and to do in Brazil.

Read more about Brazil in our Brazil travel guide »

Featured journals from

Brazil

South American Sojourn

by LifeTrebled

Peru, Bolivia, Chile, Argentina, and Brazil in 35 days!

Aug 2014  »  Singapore | Germany | Brazil

Viajando pelo Brasil

by falcettijr

Conhecendo todas as cidades do Brasil!

Jul 2010  »  Brazil

Featured hotels in

Brazil

BrazilSofitel Rio de Janeiro Copacabana 

Avenida Atlântica, 4240 - Copacabana
Rio De Janeiro 22070-002
Brazil

Price (US$): $379 - $807 / night

Check rates »

Location. Sofitel Rio de Janeiro Copacabana is located on the beach in Rio de Janeiro's Arpoador neighborhood, close to Copacabana Fort, Devil's Beach, and Arpoador Beach. Other points of interest near this luxury hotel include Girl from Ipanema Park and Copacabana Beach. Hotel Features. Dining options at Sofitel Rio de Janeiro Copacabana include 2 restaurants. A poolside bar and a bar/lounge are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves buffet breakfasts… more »

BrazilSheraton Rio Hotel & Resort 

Avenida Avenida Niemeyer 121 Leblon
Rio de Janeiro 22450-220
Brazil

Price (US$): $342 - $343 / night

Check rates »

Location. Sheraton Rio Hotel & Resort is located on the beach in Rio de Janeiro's Ipanema Leblon neighborhood, close to Vidigal Beach, Dois Irmaos Hill, and Ipanema Beach. Other points of interest near this luxury hotel include Leblon Beach and Arpoador Beach. Hotel Features. Dining options at Sheraton Rio Hotel & Resort include a restaurant and a snack bar/deli. A poolside bar and a bar/lounge are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include an… more »

BrazilWindsor Barra Hotel 

Avenida Lucio Costa, 2630
Barra Da Tijuca
Rio de Janeiro 22620-172
Brazil

Price (US$): $523 - $601 / night

Check rates »

Location. Windsor Barra Hotel is located in Rio de Janeiro's Barra da Tijuca neighborhood, close to Barra da Tijuca, Itanhanga Golf Club, and Barra Shopping Center. Nearby points of interest also include Pedra Bonita and Pedra da Gavea. Hotel Features. Windsor Barra Hotel's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A poolside bar and a bar/lounge are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. A complimentary buffet breakfast is served each morning. Recreational… more »

BrazilRelais & Châteaux Santa Teresa 

Rua Almirante Alexandrino 660
Santa Teresa
Rio de Janeiro 20241-260
Brazil

Price (US$): $504 - $1231 / night

Check rates »

Location. Near the airport, Relais & Châteaux Santa Teresa is located in Rio de Janeiro's Santa Teresa neighborhood and close to Museu da Chacara do Ceu, Consulate General of the United States Rio de Janeiro, and General Consulate of Germany. Additional points of interest include Corcovado and Sugar Loaf Mountain. Hotel Features. Relais & Châteaux Santa Teresa's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The… more »

BrazilVila Gale Salvador 

Rua Morro do Escravo Miguel 320, Ondina
Salvador 41700 000
Brazil

Price (US$): $130 - $195 / night

Check rates »

Location. Vila Gale Salvador is located in Salvador's Barra neighborhood, close to Jesus da Barra, Forte de Santo Antonio da Barra, and Farol de Barra Beach. Nearby points of interest also include Porto da Barra Beach and Museum of Modern Art. Hotel Features. Vila Gale Salvador's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. The hotel also has a snack bar/deli and a coffee shop/café. A poolside bar and a bar/lounge are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel… more »

Browse more hotels in Brazil »

Brazil

Full name
Federative Republic of Brazil
Capital
Brasília
Location

Eastern South America, bordering the Atlantic Ocean

Geographic coordinates

10 00 S, 55 00 W

Area comparative

slightly smaller than the US

Border countries

Argentina 1,261 km, Bolivia 3,423 km, Colombia 1,644 km, French Guiana 730 km, Guyana 1,606 km, Paraguay 1,365 km, Peru 2,995 km, Suriname 593 km, Uruguay 1,068 km, Venezuela 2,200 km

Coastline

7,491 km

Climate

mostly tropical, but temperate in south

Terrain

mostly flat to rolling lowlands in north; some plains, hills, mountains, and narrow coastal belt

Lowest point

Atlantic Ocean 0 m

Highest point

Pico da Neblina 2,994 m

Natural resources

bauxite, gold, iron ore, manganese, nickel, phosphates, platinum, tin, rare earth elements, uranium, petroleum, hydropower, timber

Population

201,103,330

Ethnic groups

white 53.7%, mulatto (mixed white and black) 38.5%, black 6.2%, other (includes Japanese, Arab, Amerindian) 0.9%, unspecified 0.7% (2000 census)

Religions

Roman Catholic (nominal) 73.6%, Protestant 15.4%, Spiritualist 1.3%, Bantu/voodoo 0.3%, other 1.8%, unspecified 0.2%, none 7.4% (2000 census)

Languages

Portuguese (official and most widely spoken language); note - less common languages include Spanish (border areas and schools), German, Italian, Japanese, English, and a large number of minor Amerindian languages

Government type

federal republic

Independence

7 September 1822 (from Portugal)

National holiday

Independence Day, 7 September (1822)

Chief of state

President Dilma ROUSSEFF (since 1 January 2011); Vice President Michel TEMER (since 1 January 2011); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

Head of government

President Dilma ROUSSEFF (since 1 January 2011); Vice President Michel TEMER (since 1 January 2011)

Internet country code

.br

Internet users

75.982 million (2009)

Airports

4,072 (2010)

Other countries in the region