The voyage of discovery is not in seeking new landscapes but in having new eyes.
— Marcel Proust, 1871 - 1922
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Brazil

Background

Brazil

Following more than three centuries under Portuguese rule, Brazil gained its independence in 1822, maintaining a monarchical system of government until the abolition of slavery in 1888 and the subsequent proclamation of a republic by the military in 1889. Brazilian coffee exporters politically dominated the country until populist leader Getulio VARGAS rose to power in 1930. By far the largest and most populous country in South America, Brazil underwent more than half a century of populist and military government until 1985, when the military regime peacefully ceded power to civilian rulers. Brazil continues to pursue industrial and agricultural growth and development of its interior. Exploiting vast natural resources and a large labor pool, it is today South America's leading economic power and a regional leader, one of the first in the area to begin an economic recovery. Highly unequal income distribution and crime remain pressing problems. In January 2010, Brazil assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2010-11 term.

About

Brazil (Portuguese: Brasil), , is the largest country in South America and fifth largest in the world. Famous for its football (soccer) tradition and its annual Carnaval in Rio de Janeiro, Salvador, Recife and Olinda. It is a country of great diversity, from the bustling urban mosaic of São Paulo to the infinite cultural energy of Pernambuco and Bahia, the untouched wilderness of the Amazon rainforest and world-class landmarks such as the Iguaçu Falls, there is plenty to see and to do in Brazil.

Read more about Brazil in our Brazil travel guide »

Featured journals from

Brazil

South American Sojourn

by LifeTrebled

Peru, Bolivia, Chile, Argentina, and Brazil in 35 days!

Aug 2014  »  Singapore | Germany | Brazil

Viajando pelo Brasil

by falcettijr

Conhecendo todas as cidades do Brasil!

Jul 2010  »  Brazil

Featured hotels in

Brazil

BrazilVila Gale Mares - All Inclusive 

Praia De Guarajuba, s/n
Distrito de Monte Gordo
Guarajuba 428200
Brazil

Price (US$): $413 - $496 / night

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Location. Vila Gale Mares All Inclusive is located on the beach in Guarajuba, close to Guarajuba Beach. Other points of interest are Praia do Forte Beach and Tower House of Garcia d'Avila. Property Features. This resort is all inclusive. Rates include meals and beverages at onsite dining establishments. Charges may be applied for dining at some restaurants, special dinners and dishes, some beverages, and other amenities. In addition to 3 restaurants, Vila Gale Mares All Inclusive offers a… more »

BrazilHotel das Cataratas 

Rodovia Br 469 Km 32
Foz Do Iguacu 85853-000
Brazil

Price (US$): $556 - $557 / night

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Location. Located in Foz do Iguacu, Hotel das Cataratas is near the airport and close to Iguacu Falls, Iguazu Falls, and Parque Nacional do Iguacu. Nearby points of interest also include Iguazu National Park. Hotel Features. Dining options at Hotel das Cataratas include 2 restaurants. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves a complimentary buffet breakfast. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, a children's pool, an outdoor tennis… more »

BrazilPestana Convento do Carmo Hotel 

Rua Do Carmo 1 Pelourinho
Salvador 40301-380
Brazil

Price (US$): $297 - $473 / night

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Location. Pestana Convento do Carmo Hotel is located in Salvador's Pelourinho Santo Antonio neighborhood, close to Afro Brazilian Museum, Sao Francisco Church and Convent of Salvador, and Fonte Nova Stadium. Nearby points of interest also include Museum of Modern Art and Porto da Barra Beach. Hotel Features. Pestana Convento do Carmo Hotel's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves a complimentary buffet breakfast.… more »

BrazilMercure Grand Hotel Ibirapuera 

Rua Sena Madureira 1355 Bloco 1
Sao Paulo 04021-051
Brazil

Price (US$): $238 - $391 / night

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Location. Near the airport, Mercure Grand Hotel Ibirapuera is located in Sao Paulo's Itaim Bibi Moema neighborhood and close to Ciccillo Matarazzo Pavillion, Sao Paulo Cultural Center, and City Hall. Additional points of interest include Paulista Museum and Ibirapuera Park. Hotel Features. Mercure Grand Hotel Ibirapuera's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves buffet breakfasts each morning… more »

BrazilSofitel Florianopolis 

Av. Rubens Arruda Ramos, 2034
Centro
Florianopolis 88015-700
Brazil

Price (US$): $152 - $184 / night

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Location. Sofitel Florianopolis is a business friendly hotel located in Florianopolis, close to Luz Square, Benjamin Constant Square, and Beiramar Shopping Center. Additional points of interest include Getulio Vargas Square and Rosario Steps. Hotel Features. Sofitel Florianopolis's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, a spa tub, a sauna, and a fitness facility… more »

Browse more hotels in Brazil »

Brazil

Full name
Federative Republic of Brazil
Capital
Brasília
Location

Eastern South America, bordering the Atlantic Ocean

Geographic coordinates

10 00 S, 55 00 W

Area comparative

slightly smaller than the US

Border countries

Argentina 1,261 km, Bolivia 3,423 km, Colombia 1,644 km, French Guiana 730 km, Guyana 1,606 km, Paraguay 1,365 km, Peru 2,995 km, Suriname 593 km, Uruguay 1,068 km, Venezuela 2,200 km

Coastline

7,491 km

Climate

mostly tropical, but temperate in south

Terrain

mostly flat to rolling lowlands in north; some plains, hills, mountains, and narrow coastal belt

Lowest point

Atlantic Ocean 0 m

Highest point

Pico da Neblina 2,994 m

Natural resources

bauxite, gold, iron ore, manganese, nickel, phosphates, platinum, tin, rare earth elements, uranium, petroleum, hydropower, timber

Population

201,103,330

Ethnic groups

white 53.7%, mulatto (mixed white and black) 38.5%, black 6.2%, other (includes Japanese, Arab, Amerindian) 0.9%, unspecified 0.7% (2000 census)

Religions

Roman Catholic (nominal) 73.6%, Protestant 15.4%, Spiritualist 1.3%, Bantu/voodoo 0.3%, other 1.8%, unspecified 0.2%, none 7.4% (2000 census)

Languages

Portuguese (official and most widely spoken language); note - less common languages include Spanish (border areas and schools), German, Italian, Japanese, English, and a large number of minor Amerindian languages

Government type

federal republic

Independence

7 September 1822 (from Portugal)

National holiday

Independence Day, 7 September (1822)

Chief of state

President Dilma ROUSSEFF (since 1 January 2011); Vice President Michel TEMER (since 1 January 2011); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

Head of government

President Dilma ROUSSEFF (since 1 January 2011); Vice President Michel TEMER (since 1 January 2011)

Internet country code

.br

Internet users

75.982 million (2009)

Airports

4,072 (2010)

Other countries in the region