...I love travelling, and my wife, consequently, should love travelling also.
— Oscar Wilde, "The Happy Prince", 1888
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Brazil

Background

Brazil

Following more than three centuries under Portuguese rule, Brazil gained its independence in 1822, maintaining a monarchical system of government until the abolition of slavery in 1888 and the subsequent proclamation of a republic by the military in 1889. Brazilian coffee exporters politically dominated the country until populist leader Getulio VARGAS rose to power in 1930. By far the largest and most populous country in South America, Brazil underwent more than half a century of populist and military government until 1985, when the military regime peacefully ceded power to civilian rulers. Brazil continues to pursue industrial and agricultural growth and development of its interior. Exploiting vast natural resources and a large labor pool, it is today South America's leading economic power and a regional leader, one of the first in the area to begin an economic recovery. Highly unequal income distribution and crime remain pressing problems. In January 2010, Brazil assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2010-11 term.

About

Brazil (Portuguese: Brasil), , is the largest country in South America and fifth largest in the world. Famous for its football (soccer) tradition and its annual Carnaval in Rio de Janeiro, Salvador, Recife and Olinda. It is a country of great diversity, from the bustling urban mosaic of São Paulo to the infinite cultural energy of Pernambuco and Bahia, the untouched wilderness of the Amazon rainforest and world-class landmarks such as the Iguaçu Falls, there is plenty to see and to do in Brazil.

Read more about Brazil in our Brazil travel guide »

Featured journals from

Brazil

South American Sojourn

by LifeTrebled

Peru, Bolivia, Chile, Argentina, and Brazil in 35 days!

Aug 2014  »  Singapore | Germany | Brazil

Viajando pelo Brasil

by falcettijr

Conhecendo todas as cidades do Brasil!

Jul 2010  »  Brazil

Featured hotels in

Brazil

BrazilHotel Dom Pedro Laguna Beach Villas & Golf Resort 

Av. Marginal do E. Aquiraz Riviera s/n
Praia da Marambaia
Aquiraz 61700-000
Brazil

Price (US$): $260 - $702 / night

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Location. Located in Aquiraz, Hotel Dom Pedro Laguna Beach Villas & Golf Resort is near the airport and close to Aquiraz Beach. Other regional attractions include Beach Park Water Park and Porto das Dunas Beach. Hotel Features. Dining options at Hotel Dom Pedro Laguna Beach Villas & Golf Resort include 2 restaurants. A beach bar, a swim up bar, and a poolside bar are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Guests can enjoy a complimentary manager's reception daily.… more »

BrazilRenaissance São Paulo Hotel 

Alameda Santos, 2233
Sao Paulo 01419-002
Brazil

Price (US$): $588 - $718 / night

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Location. Renaissance São Paulo Hotel is a business friendly hotel located in Sao Paulo's Jardins neighborhood, close to Renaissance Theater, Reboucas Convention Center, and Fecomercio Convention Center. Additional points of interest include Cyclist Square and Teatro Municipal. Hotel Features. Renaissance São Paulo Hotel's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves buffet breakfasts each… more »

BrazilHotel Unique 

Avenida Brigadeiro Luis Antônio, 4700
Sao Paulo 01402-002
Brazil

Price (US$): $620 - $621 / night

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Location. Hotel Unique is located in Sao Paulo's Itaim Bibi Moema neighborhood, close to Planetarium, Teatro Municipal, and Ibirapuera Park. Nearby points of interest also include Museum of Art of Sao Paulo and Football Museum. Hotel Features. Hotel Unique's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A poolside bar and a bar/lounge are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves continental breakfasts each morning in the restaurant (surcharges apply).… more »

BrazilWindsor Atlântica 

Avenida Atlantica, 1020
Rio de Janeiro CEP:22011010
Brazil

Price (US$): $295 - $566 / night

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Location. Windsor Atlântica is located on the beach in Rio de Janeiro's Leme neighborhood, close to Copacabana Beach, Ipanema Beach, and Arpoador Beach. Other points of interest near this luxury hotel include Parque Henrique Lage and Sugar Loaf Mountain. Hotel Features. Windsor Atlântica's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A poolside bar and a bar/lounge are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves a complimentary buffet breakfast.… more »

BrazilPONTA DOS GANCHOS RESORT 

ELPIDIO ALVES NASCIMENTO 104
Governador Celso Ram 88190 000
Brazil

Price (US$): $860 - $2538 / night

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ON A STRETCH OF THE BRAZILIAN COASTLINE FAMED FOR THEBEAUTY OF ITS BEACHES A SERIES OF BUNGALOWS STANDING IN ANUN SPOILT NATURAL SETTING LOOK OUT AT AN EMERALD SEA. YOURROOM OFFERS A STUNNING VIEW OF THE SEA VISIBLE FROM YOURVERANDAH AS YOU SWING GENTLY IN A HAMMOCK OR RELAX IN ANOPEN AIR JACUZZI. THE PRIVATE BEACH IS JUST BELOW AND ALITTLE ISLAND LINKED TO THE PENINSULA BY A LONG WOODENBRIDGE IS HOME TO THE GAZEBO WHERE YOU CAN HAVE THE MOSTROMANTIC DINNER EVER. AT MEALTIMES YOU DO NOT NEED… more »

Browse more hotels in Brazil »

Brazil

Full name
Federative Republic of Brazil
Capital
Brasília
Location

Eastern South America, bordering the Atlantic Ocean

Geographic coordinates

10 00 S, 55 00 W

Area comparative

slightly smaller than the US

Border countries

Argentina 1,261 km, Bolivia 3,423 km, Colombia 1,644 km, French Guiana 730 km, Guyana 1,606 km, Paraguay 1,365 km, Peru 2,995 km, Suriname 593 km, Uruguay 1,068 km, Venezuela 2,200 km

Coastline

7,491 km

Climate

mostly tropical, but temperate in south

Terrain

mostly flat to rolling lowlands in north; some plains, hills, mountains, and narrow coastal belt

Lowest point

Atlantic Ocean 0 m

Highest point

Pico da Neblina 2,994 m

Natural resources

bauxite, gold, iron ore, manganese, nickel, phosphates, platinum, tin, rare earth elements, uranium, petroleum, hydropower, timber

Population

201,103,330

Ethnic groups

white 53.7%, mulatto (mixed white and black) 38.5%, black 6.2%, other (includes Japanese, Arab, Amerindian) 0.9%, unspecified 0.7% (2000 census)

Religions

Roman Catholic (nominal) 73.6%, Protestant 15.4%, Spiritualist 1.3%, Bantu/voodoo 0.3%, other 1.8%, unspecified 0.2%, none 7.4% (2000 census)

Languages

Portuguese (official and most widely spoken language); note - less common languages include Spanish (border areas and schools), German, Italian, Japanese, English, and a large number of minor Amerindian languages

Government type

federal republic

Independence

7 September 1822 (from Portugal)

National holiday

Independence Day, 7 September (1822)

Chief of state

President Dilma ROUSSEFF (since 1 January 2011); Vice President Michel TEMER (since 1 January 2011); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

Head of government

President Dilma ROUSSEFF (since 1 January 2011); Vice President Michel TEMER (since 1 January 2011)

Internet country code

.br

Internet users

75.982 million (2009)

Airports

4,072 (2010)

Other countries in the region