To travel is to take a journey into yourself.
— Danny Kaye, 1913 - 1987
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Bulgaria

Background

Bulgaria

The Bulgars, a Central Asian Turkic tribe, merged with the local Slavic inhabitants in the late 7th century to form the first Bulgarian state. In succeeding centuries, Bulgaria struggled with the Byzantine Empire to assert its place in the Balkans, but by the end of the 14th century the country was overrun by the Ottoman Turks. Northern Bulgaria attained autonomy in 1878 and all of Bulgaria became independent from the Ottoman Empire in 1908. Having fought on the losing side in both World Wars, Bulgaria fell within the Soviet sphere of influence and became a People's Republic in 1946. Communist domination ended in 1990, when Bulgaria held its first multiparty election since World War II and began the contentious process of moving toward political democracy and a market economy while combating inflation, unemployment, corruption, and crime. The country joined NATO in 2004 and the EU in 2007.

About

Bulgaria (България) is a country in the Balkans on the western side of the Black Sea. It is surrounded by Romania to the north, Serbia to the northwest, the Republic of Macedonia to the southwest, Greece to the south, and Turkey to the southeast. Being located close to the Turkish Straits means the key land routes from Europe to Middle East and Asia pass through Bulgaria.

Bulgaria is one of the few exotic nations of Europe, due to the fact that it boasts state-of-the-art beaches, lovely churches, winter sport opportunities, to name a few. Although it is not regularly visited compared to other European nations, it is a beautiful place, with a wide range of activities for a traveller to do.

Read more about Bulgaria in our Bulgaria travel guide »

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Bulgaria

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Featured hotels in

Bulgaria

BulgariaArena di Serdica Hotel 

2-4, Budapest street
Sofia 1000
Bulgaria

Price (US$): $112 - $222 / night

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Location. Located in central Sofia, Arena di Serdica Hotel is near the airport and within walking distance of Russian Church, Council of Ministers Sofia, and Archaelogical Museum. Nearby points of interest also include Ivan Vazov National Theatre and Alexander Nevski Cathedral. Hotel Features. Dining options at Arena di Serdica Hotel include 2 restaurants. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves buffet breakfasts each morning in the bistro… more »

BulgariaKempinski Hotel Grand Arena 

Pirin Street 96
Bansko 2770
Bulgaria

Price (US$): $302 - $397 / night

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Location. Kempinski Hotel Grand Arena is located in Bansko, close to Bansko Ski Resort. Additional area points of interest include Dobrinishte Ski Resort. Hotel Features. Dining options at Kempinski Hotel Grand Arena include 3 restaurants. A poolside bar and a bar/lounge are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves a complimentary buffet breakfast. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, an indoor pool, a children's pool, a health club, and a sauna.… more »

BulgariaHoliday Inn Sofia 

111 Alexander Malinov Blvd
Sofia 1766
Bulgaria

Price (US$): $139 - $242 / night

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Location. Located in Sofia, Holiday Inn Sofia is near the airport and close to Inter Expo and Congress Center and Sofia Zoo. Other area points of interest include Vasil Levski Stadium and National Palace of Culture. Hotel Features. Recreational amenities include an indoor pool, a children's pool, a health club, a spa tub, and a sauna. Spa amenities include spa services, massage/treatment rooms, beauty services, and a hair salon. This 5 star property has a business center and offers small… more »

BulgariaHotel Downtown Ski & Spa, Bansko 

Stragite District
Bansko 2770
Bulgaria

Location. Hotel Downtown Ski & Spa, Bansko is a family friendly hotel located in Bansko, close to Bansko Ski Resort. Other area points of interest include Dobrinishte Ski Resort. Hotel Features. Dining options at Hotel Downtown Ski & Spa, Bansko include a restaurant and a coffee shop/cafĂ©. A swim up bar, a poolside bar, and a bar/lounge are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves a complimentary breakfast. Recreational amenities include an indoor pool, a… more »

BulgariaKempinski Zografski Hotel 

100 James Bourchier Blvd
Sofia 1407
Bulgaria

Price (US$): $95 - $2307 / night

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Location. Kempinski Zografski Hotel is a business friendly Sofia hotel in the suburbs and close to East Park Trade Centre, Expo 2000 Congress Centre, and National Palace of Culture. Additional points of interest include Vasil Levski Stadium and Ivan Vazov National Theatre. Hotel Features. Dining options at Kempinski Zografski Hotel include 5 restaurants. 2 bars/lounges and a poolside bar are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves continental breakfasts… more »

Browse more hotels in Bulgaria »

Bulgaria

Full name
Republic of Bulgaria
Capital
Sofia
Location

Southeastern Europe, bordering the Black Sea, between Romania and Turkey

Geographic coordinates

43 00 N, 25 00 E

Area comparative

slightly larger than Tennessee

Border countries

Greece 494 km, Macedonia 148 km, Romania 608 km, Serbia 318 km, Turkey 240 km

Coastline

354 km

Climate

temperate; cold, damp winters; hot, dry summers

Terrain

mostly mountains with lowlands in north and southeast

Lowest point

Black Sea 0 m

Highest point

Musala 2,925 m

Natural resources

bauxite, copper, lead, zinc, coal, timber, arable land

Population

7,148,785 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

Bulgarian 83.9%, Turk 9.4%, Roma 4.7%, other 2% (including Macedonian, Armenian, Tatar, Circassian) (2001 census)

Religions

Bulgarian Orthodox 82.6%, Muslim 12.2%, other Christian 1.2%, other 4% (2001 census)

Languages

Bulgarian (official) 84.5%, Turkish 9.6%, Roma 4.1%, other and unspecified 1.8% (2001 census)

Government type

parliamentary democracy

Independence

3 March 1878 (as an autonomous principality within the Ottoman Empire); 22 September 1908 (complete independence from the Ottoman Empire)

National holiday

Liberation Day, 3 March (1878)

Chief of state

President Georgi PARVANOV (since 22 January 2002); Vice President Angel MARIN (since 22 January 2002)

Head of government

Prime Minister Boyko BORISSOV (since 27 July 2009); Deputy Prime Ministers Simeon DJANKOV and Tsvetan TSVETANOV (since 27 July 2009)

Internet country code

.bg

Internet users

3.395 million (2009)

Airports

210 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Burgas, Varna

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