...I love travelling, and my wife, consequently, should love travelling also.
— Oscar Wilde, "The Happy Prince", 1888




The Bulgars, a Central Asian Turkic tribe, merged with the local Slavic inhabitants in the late 7th century to form the first Bulgarian state. In succeeding centuries, Bulgaria struggled with the Byzantine Empire to assert its place in the Balkans, but by the end of the 14th century the country was overrun by the Ottoman Turks. Northern Bulgaria attained autonomy in 1878 and all of Bulgaria became independent from the Ottoman Empire in 1908. Having fought on the losing side in both World Wars, Bulgaria fell within the Soviet sphere of influence and became a People's Republic in 1946. Communist domination ended in 1990, when Bulgaria held its first multiparty election since World War II and began the contentious process of moving toward political democracy and a market economy while combating inflation, unemployment, corruption, and crime. The country joined NATO in 2004 and the EU in 2007.


Bulgaria (България) is a country in the Balkans on the western side of the Black Sea. It is surrounded by Romania to the north, Serbia to the northwest, the Republic of Macedonia to the southwest, Greece to the south, and Turkey to the southeast. Being located close to the Turkish Straits means the key land routes from Europe to Middle East and Asia pass through Bulgaria.

Bulgaria is one of the few exotic nations of Europe, due to the fact that it boasts state-of-the-art beaches, lovely churches, winter sport opportunities, to name a few. Although it is not regularly visited compared to other European nations, it is a beautiful place, with a wide range of activities for a traveller to do.

Read more about Bulgaria in our Bulgaria travel guide »

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BulgariaSunset Resort 

219, Knjaz Boris I
Pomorie 8201

Price (US$): $741 - $741 / night

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Location. Sunset Resort is located on the beach in Pomorie and attractions in the region include Burgas Beach, Sea Gardens, and Christ Pantokrator Church. Regional points of interest also include Sunny Beach and Action Aquapark. Hotel Features. Dining options at Sunset Resort include 9 restaurants. A poolside bar and a bar/lounge are open for drinks. The property's full service health spa has facials and beauty services. Guest parking is available for a surcharge. Guestrooms. 770 air… more »

BulgariaDallas Residence 

33 Sveti Nikola St
Varna 9010

Price (US$): $92 - $148 / night

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Location. Dallas Residence is located in Varna, close to Ticha Stadium, Sea Garden, and Varna Aquarium. Nearby points of interest also include Varna Archaelogical Museum and Dormition of the Theotokos Cathedral. Hotel Features. Dallas Residence features a restaurant, a poolside bar, and a swim up bar. Room service is available during limited hours. The hotel serves a complimentary breakfast. Recreational amenities include a sauna, a fitness facility, and a steam room. This 5 star property… more »

BulgariaHotel Festa Via Pontica 

Pomorie 8200

Price (US$): $88 - $237 / night

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Location. Hotel Festa Via Pontica is located on the beach in Pomorie and attractions in the region include Burgas Beach, Sea Gardens, and Christ Pantokrator Church. Regional points of interest also include Sunny Beach and Sozopol Beach. Hotel Features. In addition to 2 restaurants, Hotel Festa Via Pontica offers a snack bar/deli and a coffee shop/cafĂ©. A swim up bar, a poolside bar, and a bar/lounge are open for drinks. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, an indoor pool, a sauna… more »

BulgariaBarcelo Royal Beach 

Resort Sunny Beach
Sunny Beach 8240

Price (US$): $95 - $293 / night

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Location. Barcelo Royal Beach is located on the beach in central Sunny Beach, close to Sunny Beach, Action Aquapark, and Christ Pantokrator Church. Hotel Features. This hotel offers both all inclusive and room only rates. Meals and beverages at onsite dining establishments are included in all inclusive rates. Charges may be applied for dining at some restaurants, special dinners and dishes, some beverages, and other amenities. Barcelo Royal Beach features a poolside bar, a bar/lounge, and a… more »

BulgariaSheraton Sofia Hotel Balkan 

5 Sveta Nedelya Square
Sofia 1000

Price (US$): $115 - $209 / night

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Location. Sheraton Sofia Hotel Balkan is a business friendly hotel located in Sofia, close to Saint Sofia Monument, Council of Ministers Sofia, and Bulgarian Parliament. Additional points of interest include Prince Alexander of Battenberg Square and Slaveykov Square. Hotel Features. Sheraton Sofia Hotel Balkan's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include a sauna and a fitness… more »

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Full name
Republic of Bulgaria

Southeastern Europe, bordering the Black Sea, between Romania and Turkey

Geographic coordinates

43 00 N, 25 00 E

Area comparative

slightly larger than Tennessee

Border countries

Greece 494 km, Macedonia 148 km, Romania 608 km, Serbia 318 km, Turkey 240 km


354 km


temperate; cold, damp winters; hot, dry summers


mostly mountains with lowlands in north and southeast

Lowest point

Black Sea 0 m

Highest point

Musala 2,925 m

Natural resources

bauxite, copper, lead, zinc, coal, timber, arable land


7,148,785 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

Bulgarian 83.9%, Turk 9.4%, Roma 4.7%, other 2% (including Macedonian, Armenian, Tatar, Circassian) (2001 census)


Bulgarian Orthodox 82.6%, Muslim 12.2%, other Christian 1.2%, other 4% (2001 census)


Bulgarian (official) 84.5%, Turkish 9.6%, Roma 4.1%, other and unspecified 1.8% (2001 census)

Government type

parliamentary democracy


3 March 1878 (as an autonomous principality within the Ottoman Empire); 22 September 1908 (complete independence from the Ottoman Empire)

National holiday

Liberation Day, 3 March (1878)

Chief of state

President Georgi PARVANOV (since 22 January 2002); Vice President Angel MARIN (since 22 January 2002)

Head of government

Prime Minister Boyko BORISSOV (since 27 July 2009); Deputy Prime Ministers Simeon DJANKOV and Tsvetan TSVETANOV (since 27 July 2009)

Internet country code


Internet users

3.395 million (2009)


210 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Burgas, Varna

Other countries in the region