A journey of a thousand miles begins with a single step.
— Confucius, 551 - 479 B.C.




The Bulgars, a Central Asian Turkic tribe, merged with the local Slavic inhabitants in the late 7th century to form the first Bulgarian state. In succeeding centuries, Bulgaria struggled with the Byzantine Empire to assert its place in the Balkans, but by the end of the 14th century the country was overrun by the Ottoman Turks. Northern Bulgaria attained autonomy in 1878 and all of Bulgaria became independent from the Ottoman Empire in 1908. Having fought on the losing side in both World Wars, Bulgaria fell within the Soviet sphere of influence and became a People's Republic in 1946. Communist domination ended in 1990, when Bulgaria held its first multiparty election since World War II and began the contentious process of moving toward political democracy and a market economy while combating inflation, unemployment, corruption, and crime. The country joined NATO in 2004 and the EU in 2007.


Bulgaria (България) is a country in the Balkans on the western side of the Black Sea. It is surrounded by Romania to the north, Serbia to the northwest, the Republic of Macedonia to the southwest, Greece to the south, and Turkey to the southeast. Being located close to the Turkish Straits means the key land routes from Europe to Middle East and Asia pass through Bulgaria.

Bulgaria is one of the few exotic nations of Europe, due to the fact that it boasts state-of-the-art beaches, lovely churches, winter sport opportunities, to name a few. Although it is not regularly visited compared to other European nations, it is a beautiful place, with a wide range of activities for a traveller to do.

Read more about Bulgaria in our Bulgaria travel guide »

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BulgariaGrand Hotel London 

3 Musala Str
Varna 9000

Price (US$): $104 - $247 / night

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Location. Grand Hotel London is located in central Varna, close to Dormition of the Theotokos Cathedral, Varna Archaelogical Museum, and Varna Aquarium. Nearby points of interest also include Sea Garden and Ticha Stadium. Hotel Features. Recreational amenities include a sauna and a fitness facility. This 5 star property offers a meeting/conference room, secretarial services, and audiovisual equipment. This Varna property has 47 square meters of event space consisting of banquet facilities. A… more »

BulgariaSol Nessebar Palace 

7B Aurelia Blvd.
Nessebar 8230

Price (US$): $118 - $188 / night

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Location. Sol Nessebar Palace is located on the beach in Nessebar, close to Christ Pantokrator Church and Sunny Beach. Another point of interest is Action Aquapark. Property Features. This resort is all inclusive. Rates include meals and beverages at onsite dining establishments. Charges may be applied for dining at some restaurants, special dinners and dishes, some beverages, and other amenities. Sol Nessebar Palace's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. The resort also has a… more »

BulgariaGraffit Gallery Hotel 

65 Knyaz Boris I Blvd.
Varna 9000

Price (US$): $96 - $296 / night

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Location. Graffit Gallery Hotel is a business friendly hotel located in central Varna, close to Varna Archaelogical Museum, Varna Aquarium, and Sea Garden. Additional points of interest include Dormition of the Theotokos Cathedral and Ticha Stadium. Hotel Features. Graffit Gallery Hotel's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include an indoor pool, a sauna, and a fitness facility. Spa… more »

BulgariaHoliday Inn Sofia 

111 Alexander Malinov Blvd
Sofia 1766

Price (US$): $139 - $242 / night

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Location. Located in Sofia, Holiday Inn Sofia is near the airport and close to Inter Expo and Congress Center and Sofia Zoo. Other area points of interest include Vasil Levski Stadium and National Palace of Culture. Hotel Features. Recreational amenities include an indoor pool, a children's pool, a health club, a spa tub, and a sauna. Spa amenities include spa services, massage/treatment rooms, beauty services, and a hair salon. This 5 star property has a business center and offers small… more »

BulgariaRadisson Blu Grand Hotel, Sofia 

4 Narodno Sabranie Square
Sofia 1000

Price (US$): $199 - $200 / night

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Location. Radisson Blu Grand Hotel, Sofia is a business friendly hotel located in Sofia, close to Monument to the Liberating Tsar, Bulgarian Parliament, and Cyril and Methodius National Library of Bulgaria. Additional points of interest include Council of Ministers Sofia and Prince Alexander of Battenberg Square. Hotel Features. Dining options at Radisson Blu Grand Hotel, Sofia include a restaurant and a coffee shop/cafĂ©. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a… more »

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Full name
Republic of Bulgaria

Southeastern Europe, bordering the Black Sea, between Romania and Turkey

Geographic coordinates

43 00 N, 25 00 E

Area comparative

slightly larger than Tennessee

Border countries

Greece 494 km, Macedonia 148 km, Romania 608 km, Serbia 318 km, Turkey 240 km


354 km


temperate; cold, damp winters; hot, dry summers


mostly mountains with lowlands in north and southeast

Lowest point

Black Sea 0 m

Highest point

Musala 2,925 m

Natural resources

bauxite, copper, lead, zinc, coal, timber, arable land


7,148,785 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

Bulgarian 83.9%, Turk 9.4%, Roma 4.7%, other 2% (including Macedonian, Armenian, Tatar, Circassian) (2001 census)


Bulgarian Orthodox 82.6%, Muslim 12.2%, other Christian 1.2%, other 4% (2001 census)


Bulgarian (official) 84.5%, Turkish 9.6%, Roma 4.1%, other and unspecified 1.8% (2001 census)

Government type

parliamentary democracy


3 March 1878 (as an autonomous principality within the Ottoman Empire); 22 September 1908 (complete independence from the Ottoman Empire)

National holiday

Liberation Day, 3 March (1878)

Chief of state

President Georgi PARVANOV (since 22 January 2002); Vice President Angel MARIN (since 22 January 2002)

Head of government

Prime Minister Boyko BORISSOV (since 27 July 2009); Deputy Prime Ministers Simeon DJANKOV and Tsvetan TSVETANOV (since 27 July 2009)

Internet country code


Internet users

3.395 million (2009)


210 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Burgas, Varna

Other countries in the region