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Bangladesh

Background

Bangladesh

Europeans began to set up trading posts in the area of Bangladesh in the 16th century; eventually the British came to dominate the region and it became part of British India. In 1947, West Pakistan and East Bengal (both primarily Muslim) separated from India (largely Hindu) and jointly became the new country of Pakistan. East Bengal became East Pakistan in 1955, but the awkward arrangement of a two-part country with its territorial units separated by 1,600 km left the Bengalis marginalized and dissatisfied. East Pakistan seceded from its union with West Pakistan in 1971 and was renamed Bangladesh. A military-backed, emergency caretaker regime suspended parliamentary elections planned for January 2007 in an effort to reform the political system and root out corruption. In contrast to the strikes and violent street rallies that had marked Bangladeshi politics in previous years, the parliamentary elections finally held in late December 2008 were mostly peaceful and Sheikh HASINA Wajed was elected prime minister. About a third of this extremely poor country floods annually during the monsoon rainy season, hampering economic development.

About

Bangladesh is in South Asia sometimes converging with Southeast Asia, bordering the Bay of Bengal to the south, mostly surrounded by India and bordering Myanmar in the southeast.

Read more about Bangladesh in our Bangladesh travel guide »

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Bangladesh

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Featured hotels in

Bangladesh

BangladeshDhaka Regency Hotel and Resort 

Airport Road
Nikunja Road 2
Dhaka 1229
Bangladesh

Price (US$): $135 - $570 / night

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Location. Dhaka Regency Hotel and Resort is located in Dhaka's midtown area and near the airport. Sher e Bangla Cricket Stadium, Jatiyo Sangshad Bhaban, and Nakhalpara Sapra Mosque are local attractions. Other area points of interest include Dhaka Zoo and Martyred Intellectuals Memorial. Resort Features. Dhaka Regency Hotel and Resort's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and drinks. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The resort serves a complimentary… more »

BangladeshPan Pacific Sonargaon Dhaka 

107 Kazi Nazrul Islam Avenue
Dhaka 1215
Bangladesh

Price (US$): $150 - $190 / night

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Location. Pan Pacific Sonargaon Dhaka is a business friendly hotel located in central Dhaka, close to Bashundhara City Mall, Jatiyo Sangshad Bhaban, and Curzon Hall. Additional points of interest include Baitul Mukarram and Dhakeshwari Temple. Hotel Features. In addition to 2 restaurants, Pan Pacific Sonargaon Dhaka offers 3 coffee shops/cafés and a snack bar/deli. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, a… more »

BangladeshRadisson Blu Water Garden Hotel Dhaka 

Airport Road
Dhaka Cantonment
Dhaka 1206
Bangladesh

Price (US$): $385 - $965 / night

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Location. Radisson Blu Water Garden Hotel Dhaka is a business friendly hotel located in Dhaka, close to Sher e Bangla Cricket Stadium. Other area points of interest include Jatiyo Sangshad Bhaban and Saat Masjid. Hotel Features. In addition to 3 restaurants, Radisson Blu Water Garden Hotel Dhaka offers a snack bar/deli and a coffee shop/café. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves breakfast each morning in the restaurant (surcharges… more »

BangladeshBW LA VINCI HOTEL 

54 KAWRAN BAZAR
Dhaka
Bangladesh

Price (US$): $85 - $110 / night

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HOTELYEAR BUILT 9999ADDITIONAL PROPERTY DESCRIPTION THE BEST WESTERN LA VINCI HOTEL IS A JOINT VENTURE WITH BANGLADESH AND ITALY. THIS NEW THREE STAR PROPERTY IS A LUXURIOUS BUSINESS CLASS HOTEL WITH MAJESTIC COLORFUL ARCHITECTURE DESIGN. WE ARE SUPERBLY LOCATED IN THE HEART OF DHAKAS PRESTIGIOUS BUSINESS AREA, THE KAWRAN BAZAR. YOULL FIND US JUST 14 KILOMETERS FROM THE HAZRAT SHAHJALAL INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT, TWO KILOMETERS FROM THE DOMESTIC TEJGAON AIRPORT, SIX KILOMETERS FROM THE MAIN… more »

Browse more hotels in Bangladesh »

Bangladesh

Full name
People's Republic of Bangladesh
Capital
Dhaka
Location

Southern Asia, bordering the Bay of Bengal, between Burma and India

Geographic coordinates

24 00 N, 90 00 E

Area comparative

slightly smaller than Iowa

Border countries

Burma 193 km, India 4,053 km

Coastline

580 km

Climate

tropical; mild winter (October to March); hot, humid summer (March to June); humid, warm rainy monsoon (June to October)

Terrain

mostly flat alluvial plain; hilly in southeast

Lowest point

Indian Ocean 0 m

Highest point

Keokradong 1,230 m

Natural resources

natural gas, arable land, timber, coal

Population

156,118,464 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

Bengali 98%, other 2% (includes tribal groups, non-Bengali Muslims) (1998)

Religions

Muslim 89.5%, Hindu 9.6%, other 0.9% (2004)

Languages

Bangla (official, also known as Bengali), English

Government type

parliamentary democracy

Independence

16 December 1971 (from West Pakistan); note - 26 March 1971 is the date of independence from West Pakistan, 16 December 1971 is known as Victory Day and commemorates the official creation of the state of Bangladesh

National holiday

Independence Day, 26 March (1971); note - 26 March 1971 is the date of independence from West Pakistan, 16 December 1971 is Victory Day and commemorates the official creation of the state of Bangladesh

Chief of state

President Zillur RAHMAN (since 12 February 2009)

Head of government

Prime Minister Sheikh HASINA Wajed (since 6 January 2009)

Internet country code

.bd

Internet users

617,300 (2009)

Airports

17 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Chittagong, Mongla Port

Other countries in the region