You can travel on for ten thousand miles, and still stay where you are
— Harry Chapin, 1942 - 1981
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Burundi

Background

Burundi

Burundi's first democratically elected president was assassinated in October 1993 after only 100 days in office, triggering widespread ethnic violence between Hutu and Tutsi factions. More than 200,000 Burundians perished during the conflict that spanned almost a dozen years. Hundreds of thousands of Burundians were internally displaced or became refugees in neighboring countries. An internationally brokered power-sharing agreement between the Tutsi-dominated government and the Hutu rebels in 2003 paved the way for a transition process that led to an integrated defense force, established a new constitution in 2005, and elected a majority Hutu government in 2005. The new government, led by President Pierre NKURUNZIZA, signed a South African brokered ceasefire with the country's last rebel group in September of 2006 but still faces many challenges.

About

Burundi is a small country in East Africa, although it has some cultural and geographical ties with Central Africa. It is surrounded by Rwanda, Tanzania and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Read more about Burundi in our Burundi travel guide »

A travel warning has been issued for Burundi

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Burundi

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Featured hotels in

Burundi

BurundiHotel Dolce Vita Resort 

Kigobe Sud
Bujumbura 6187
Burundi

Price (US$): $127 - $128 / night

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Location. Hotel Dolce Vita Resort is located in central Bujumbura, close to Prince Louis Rwagasore Stadium. Hotel Features. Dining options at Hotel Dolce Vita Resort include a restaurant and a snack bar/deli. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available. The hotel serves a complimentary breakfast. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool. This 3.5 star property offers a meeting/conference room, technology support staff, and audiovisual equipment. Complimentary wireless… more »

BurundiHotel Club Du Lac Tanganyika 

Chaussee D'Uvira
Bujumbura BP 6573
Burundi

Price (US$): $135 - $169 / night

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Location. Hotel Club Du Lac Tanganyika is located on the beach in Bujumbura and local attractions include Prince Louis Rwagasore Stadium. Hotel Features. Dining options at Hotel Club Du Lac Tanganyika include 2 restaurants. A beach bar and a poolside bar are open for drinks. Room service is available during limited hours. The hotel serves a complimentary hot and cold buffet breakfast. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, a children's pool, outdoor tennis courts, a sauna, and a… more »

BurundiRoca Golf Hotel 

Boulevard de la tanzanie
Bujumbura 6716
Burundi

Price (US$): $199 - $426 / night

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Location. Located in central Bujumbura, Roca Golf Hotel is near the airport and close to Prince Louis Rwagasore Stadium. Hotel Features. Roca Golf Hotel's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. 2 bars/lounges are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. A complimentary buffet breakfast is served each morning. Recreational amenities include a golf course. Also located on site are an outdoor pool, a spa tub, a sauna, and a 24 hour fitness facility. This 4 star… more »

BurundiKing's Conference Centre 

Avenue du Large
Ndamukiza, Kinindo
Bujumbura B P 5970
Burundi

Price (US$): $50 - $80 / night

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Location. Located in Bujumbura, King's Conference Centre is connected to the convention center and close to Prince Louis Rwagasore Stadium. Hotel Features. King's Conference Centre's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves a complimentary breakfast in the restaurant. Recreational amenities include a fitness facility. This 3 star property has a business center and offers business services. This Bujumbura property has 2 meeting… more »

Browse more hotels in Burundi »

Burundi

Full name
Republic of Burundi
Capital
Bujumbura
Location

Central Africa, east of Democratic Republic of the Congo

Geographic coordinates

3 30 S, 30 00 E

Area comparative

slightly smaller than Maryland

Border countries

Democratic Republic of the Congo 233 km, Rwanda 290 km, Tanzania 451 km

Coastline

0 km (landlocked)

Climate

equatorial; high plateau with considerable altitude variation (772 m to 2,670 m above sea level); average annual temperature varies with altitude from 23 to 17 degrees centigrade but is generally moderate as the average altitude is about 1,700 m; average annual rainfall is about 150 cm; two wet seasons (February to May and September to November), and two dry seasons (June to August and December to January)

Terrain

hilly and mountainous, dropping to a plateau in east, some plains

Lowest point

Lake Tanganyika 772 m

Highest point

Heha 2,670 m

Natural resources

nickel, uranium, rare earth oxides, peat, cobalt, copper, platinum, vanadium, arable land, hydropower, niobium, tantalum, gold, tin, tungsten, kaolin, limestone

Population

9,863,117

Ethnic groups

Hutu (Bantu) 85%, Tutsi (Hamitic) 14%, Twa (Pygmy) 1%, Europeans 3,000, South Asians 2,000

Religions

Christian 67% (Roman Catholic 62%, Protestant 5%), indigenous beliefs 23%, Muslim 10%

Languages

Kirundi (official), French (official), Swahili (along Lake Tanganyika and in the Bujumbura area)

Government type

republic

Independence

1 July 1962 (from UN trusteeship under Belgian administration)

National holiday

Independence Day, 1 July (1962)

Chief of state

President Pierre NKURUNZIZA - Hutu (since 26 August 2005); First Vice President Therence SINUNGURUZA - Tutsi (since 29 August 2010); Second Vice President Gervais RUFYIKIRI - Hutu (since 29 August 2010); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

Head of government

President Pierre NKURUNZIZA - Hutu (since 26 August 2005); First Vice President Therence SINUNGURUZA - Tutsi (since 29 August 2010); Second Vice President Gervais RUFYIKIRI - Hutu (since 29 August 2010)

Internet country code

.bi

Internet users

157,800 (2009)

Airports

8 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Bujumbura

Other countries in the region