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Azerbaijan

Background

Azerbaijan

Azerbaijan - a nation with a majority-Turkic and majority-Muslim population - was briefly independent from 1918 to 1920; it regained its independence after the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. Despite a 1994 cease-fire, Azerbaijan has yet to resolve its conflict with Armenia over Nagorno-Karabakh, a primarily Armenian-populated region that Moscow recognized as part of Soviet Azerbaijan in the 1920s after Armenia and Azerbaijan disputed the status of the territory. Armenia and Azerbaijan began fighting over the area in 1988; the struggle escalated after both countries attained independence from the Soviet Union in 1991. By May 1994, when a cease-fire took hold, ethnic Armenian forces held not only Nagorno-Karabakh but also seven surrounding provinces in the territory of Azerbaijan. Corruption in the country is ubiquitous, and the government, which eliminated presidential term limits in a 2009 referendum, has been accused of authoritarianism. Although the poverty rate has been reduced in recent years due to revenue from oil production, the promise of widespread wealth resulting from the continued development of Azerbaijan's energy sector remains largely unfulfilled.

About

This article is about the country of Azerbaijan. There is also a region of Iran called Azerbaijan.

Azerbaijan is a former Soviet republic in the Caucasus and variously considered part of Europe or Asia. The country lies on the Caspian Sea between Russia and Iran and is bordered to the west by Georgia and Armenia. The autonomous exclave of Nakhchivan lies between Armenia and Iran with a short border with Turkey.

Read more about Azerbaijan in our Azerbaijan travel guide »

Featured journals from

Azerbaijan

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Featured hotels in

Azerbaijan

AzerbaijanSheraton Baku Airport 

Heydar Aliyev Intl Airport
Baku 1044
Azerbaijan

Price (US$): $190 - $229 / night

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Location. Sheraton Baku Airport is a business friendly hotel located in Baku's midtown area and local attractions include Atashgah Fire Temple. Regional points of interest also include Yanar Dagh and Haydar Aliyev Cultural Center. Hotel Features. Dining options at Sheraton Baku Airport include a restaurant and a coffee shop/café. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, an indoor pool, a health club, a spa tub… more »

AzerbaijanHilton Baku 

1B Azadlig Ave
Baku AZ1000
Azerbaijan

Price (US$): $275 - $561 / night

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Location. Hilton Baku is a business friendly hotel located in central Baku, close to Azerbaijan State Academic Opera and Ballet Theatre, Heydar Aliyev Palace, and Fountain Square. Additional points of interest include Maiden's Tower and Sabir Park. Hotel Features. Dining options at Hilton Baku include 2 restaurants. 2 bars/lounges are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves buffet breakfasts each morning in the restaurant (surcharges apply). Recreational… more »

AzerbaijanKempinski Hotel Badamdar 

1C, M. Mushfig str
Baku AZ1006
Azerbaijan

Price (US$): $254 - $291 / night

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Location. Kempinski Hotel Badamdar is located in Baku, close to Baku State University, Palace of the Shirvan Shahs, and Sabir Park. Nearby points of interest also include Maiden's Tower and Fountain Square. Hotel Features. Kempinski Hotel Badamdar features a restaurant and a bar/lounge. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, an indoor pool, a spa tub, a sauna, and a fitness facility. The property's full service health spa has body treatments… more »

AzerbaijanPARK HYATT BAKU 

1033 12 MIR STREET
Baku
Azerbaijan

Price (US$): $293 - $1571 / night

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PROPERTY DESCRIPTIONA 159 ROOM LUXURY PARK HYATT HOTEL, CONVENIENTLY LOCATEDBETWEEN THE HYATT REGENCY BAKU AND THE HYATT INTERNATIONALCENTER, WITHIN 10 MINUTES WALK TO THE EXHIBITION COMPLEX,THE CITY CENTER AND GOVERNMENT OFFICES.. FREQUENT STAYHYATTS FREQUENT STAY PROGRAM IS GOLD PASSPORT. TO FIND OUTMORE INFORMATION ON BECOMING A MEMBER AND HOW TO RECEIVEFREE ROOM NIGHTS AT PARTICIPATING HYATT HOTELS SEEWWW.GOLDPASSPORT.COM OR CALL 1 800 544 9288. more »

AzerbaijanRadisson Blu Plaza Hotel Baku 

69 Nizami Street
Baku AZ1005
Azerbaijan

Price (US$): $266 - $267 / night

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Location. Radisson Blu Plaza Hotel Baku is a business friendly hotel located in Baku, close to Fountain Square, Sabir Park, and Maiden's Tower. Additional points of interest include Palace of the Shirvan Shahs and Heydar Aliyev Palace. Hotel Features. Dining options at Radisson Blu Plaza Hotel Baku include a restaurant and a coffee shop/café. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available during limited hours. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, an indoor pool, a… more »

Browse more hotels in Azerbaijan »

Azerbaijan

Full name
Republic of Azerbaijan
Capital
Baku
Location

Southwestern Asia, bordering the Caspian Sea, between Iran and Russia, with a small European portion north of the Caucasus range

Geographic coordinates

40 30 N, 47 30 E

Area comparative

slightly smaller than Maine

Border countries

Armenia (with Azerbaijan-proper) 566 km, Armenia (with Azerbaijan-Naxcivan exclave) 221 km, Georgia 322 km, Iran (with Azerbaijan-proper) 432 km, Iran (with Azerbaijan-Naxcivan exclave) 179 km, Russia 284 km, Turkey 9 km

Coastline

0 km (landlocked); note - Azerbaijan borders the Caspian Sea (713 km)

Climate

dry, semiarid steppe

Terrain

large, flat Kur-Araz Ovaligi (Kura-Araks Lowland) (much of it below sea level) with Great Caucasus Mountains to the north, Qarabag Yaylasi (Karabakh Upland) in west; Baku lies on Abseron Yasaqligi (Apsheron Peninsula) that juts into Caspian Sea

Lowest point

Caspian Sea -28 m

Highest point

Bazarduzu Dagi 4,485 m

Natural resources

petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, nonferrous metals, bauxite

Population

8,303,512 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

Azeri 90.6%, Dagestani 2.2%, Russian 1.8%, Armenian 1.5%, other 3.9% (1999 census)

Religions

Muslim 93.4%, Russian Orthodox 2.5%, Armenian Orthodox 2.3%, other 1.8% (1995 est.)

Languages

Azerbaijani (Azeri) (official) 90.3%, Lezgi 2.2%, Russian 1.8%, Armenian 1.5%, other 3.3%, unspecified 1% (1999 census)

Government type

republic

Independence

30 August 1991 (declared from the Soviet Union); 18 October 1991 (adopted by the Supreme Council of Azerbaijan)

National holiday

Founding of the Democratic Republic of Azerbaijan, 28 May (1918)

Chief of state

President Ilham ALIYEV (since 31 October 2003)

Head of government

Prime Minister Artur RASIZADE (since 4 November 2003); First Deputy Prime Minister Yaqub EYYUBOV (since June 2006)

Internet country code

.az

Internet users

2.42 million (2009)

Airports

35 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Baku (Baki)

Other countries in the region