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Armenia

Background

Armenia

Armenia prides itself on being the first nation to formally adopt Christianity (early 4th century). Despite periods of autonomy, over the centuries Armenia came under the sway of various empires including the Roman, Byzantine, Arab, Persian, and Ottoman. During World War I in the western portion of Armenia, Ottoman Turkey instituted a policy of forced resettlement coupled with other harsh practices that resulted in an estimated 1 million Armenian deaths. The eastern area of Armenia was ceded by the Ottomans to Russia in 1828; this portion declared its independence in 1918, but was conquered by the Soviet Red Army in 1920. Armenian leaders remain preoccupied by the long conflict with Azerbaijan over Nagorno-Karabakh, a primarily Armenian-populated region, assigned to Soviet Azerbaijan in the 1920s by Moscow. Armenia and Azerbaijan began fighting over the area in 1988; the struggle escalated after both countries attained independence from the Soviet Union in 1991. By May 1994, when a cease-fire took hold, ethnic Armenian forces held not only Nagorno-Karabakh but also a significant portion of Azerbaijan proper. The economies of both sides have been hurt by their inability to make substantial progress toward a peaceful resolution. Turkey closed the common border with Armenia in 1994 because of the Armenian separatists' control of Nagorno-Karabakh and surrounding areas, further hampering Armenian economic growth. In 2009, senior Armenian leaders began pursuing rapprochement with Turkey, aiming to secure an opening of the border; this process is currently dormant.

About

Armenia (Armenian: Hayastan) is the only country remaining from 3,000 year old maps of Anatolia. It became the world’s first Christian country more than 1,700 years ago in 301 AD, and has a large Diaspora all over the world. As a former Soviet republic lying in the Caucasus region, straddling Asia and Europe, Armenia has an ancient and rich culture. Armenia is very easy to experience, thanks to very hospitable people.

Landlocked, Armenia is bordered by Turkey to the west, Georgia to the north, Iran to the south, Azerbaijan to the east, and Azerbaijan's Naxcivan exclave to the southwest. Five percent of the country's surface area consists of Lake Sevan (Sevana Lich), the largest lake in the Lesser Caucasus mountain range. The many mountains and mountain valleys create a great number of micro climates, with scenery changing from arid to lush forest at the top of a mountain ridge.

On a trip to Armenia, you will frequently be reminded that Armenia was the world's first officially Christian country. You will have a hard time forgetting this as a tourist, since countless monasteries are among Armenia's premier tourist attractions. Fortunately for those who might otherwise suffer monastery fatigue, many of these monasteries are built in places of incredible natural beauty, making the sites of monasteries like Tatev, Noravank, Haghartsin, Haghpat and Geghard well worth a visit even without the impressive, millennia old monasteries found there.

Since 2001, when Armenia celebrated the 1,700th anniversary of the nation’s conversion to Christianity, the growth in the number of tourists has grown by about 25% every year. Straddling Europe and Asia in the lesser Caucasus Mountains, an ex-Soviet state, with a culture over 3,000 years old and examples of ancient architecture and art all over the countryside, this beautiful country offers something exotic for many tourists.

Read more about Armenia in our Armenia travel guide »

Featured journals from

Armenia

Travel and Tours to Armenia with SacVoyage Armenian Travel Company

by SacVoyage

Welcome to Armenia with SacVoyage Armenian Leading Tour Operator

Nov 2011 - Dec 2011  »  Armenia | Georgia

Roaming the Caucasus

by lairsho

Still Adventure Driven...at 65

Sep 2017  »  Armenia

Featured hotels in

Armenia

ArmeniaGolden Tulip Hotel Yerevan 

14 Abovian Street
Yerevan 375010
Armenia

Price (US$): $233 - $1121 / night

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Location. Located in central Yerevan, Golden Tulip Hotel Yerevan is a business friendly hotel within walking distance of National Gallery of Armenia and Republic Square. Additional points of interest include Yerevan Opera House and Cascades. Hotel Features. Golden Tulip Hotel Yerevan's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A poolside bar and a bar/lounge are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include a health club, a spa tub, and a… more »

ArmeniaTsaghkadzor Marriott Hotel 

Tandzaghpyur Street 2, 4/1
Tsaghkadzor 2310
Armenia

Price (US$): $147 - $615 / night

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Location. Tsaghkadzor Marriott Hotel is located in the midtown area of Tsaghkadzor. Hotel Features. Tsaghkadzor Marriott Hotel features 3 bars/lounges and a coffee shop/cafĂ©. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves buffet breakfasts each morning in the brasserie (surcharges apply). Recreational amenities include an indoor pool, a sauna, and a fitness facility. This 5 star property offers small meeting rooms and audiovisual equipment. This Tsaghkadzor property has 2… more »

ArmeniaGolden Palace Hotel - Yerevan 

Azatutyan Ave. 2 - 2
Yerevan 0037
Armenia

Price (US$): $168 - $2105 / night

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Location. Located in central Yerevan, Golden Palace Hotel Yerevan is near the airport and close to Cascades, National Assembly of Armenia, and Matenadaran. Nearby points of interest also include Mother Armenia and Yerevan Opera House. Hotel Features. Golden Palace Hotel Yerevan's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A poolside bar and a bar/lounge are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves a complimentary continental breakfast. Guests can enjoy… more »

ArmeniaMetropol Hotel 

2/2 Mashtots Avenue 0015
Yerevan 1500
Armenia

Price (US$): $95 - $105 / night

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Location. Metropol Hotel is located in central Yerevan, close to Blue Mosque, Republic Square, and National Gallery of Armenia. Nearby points of interest also include Tsitsernakaberd and Yerevan Opera House. Hotel Features. Metropol Hotel's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves a complimentary breakfast. Guests can enjoy a complimentary evening social on select days. Recreational amenities include an indoor pool, a health… more »

ArmeniaMarriott Armenia Hotel Yerevan 

1 Amiryan Street
Yerevan 0010
Armenia

Price (US$): $169 - $516 / night

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Location. Located in central Yerevan, Marriott Armenia Hotel Yerevan is a business friendly hotel within walking distance of Republic Square and National Gallery of Armenia. Additional points of interest include Yerevan Opera House and Cascades. Hotel Features. Dining options at Marriott Armenia Hotel Yerevan include 5 restaurants. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves Hot and cold buffet breakfasts each morning (surcharges apply).… more »

Browse more hotels in Armenia »

Armenia

Full name
Republic of Armenia
Capital
Yerevan
Location

Southwestern Asia, east of Turkey

Geographic coordinates

40 00 N, 45 00 E

Area comparative

slightly smaller than Maryland

Border countries

Azerbaijan-proper 566 km, Azerbaijan-Naxcivan exclave 221 km, Georgia 164 km, Iran 35 km, Turkey 268 km

Coastline

0 km (landlocked)

Climate

highland continental, hot summers, cold winters

Terrain

Armenian Highland with mountains; little forest land; fast flowing rivers; good soil in Aras River valley

Lowest point

Debed River 400 m

Highest point

Aragats Lerrnagagat' 4,090 m

Natural resources

small deposits of gold, copper, molybdenum, zinc, bauxite

Population

2,966,802 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

Armenian 97.9%, Yezidi (Kurd) 1.3%, Russian 0.5%, other 0.3% (2001 census)

Religions

Armenian Apostolic 94.7%, other Christian 4%, Yezidi (monotheist with elements of nature worship) 1.3%

Languages

Armenian (official) 97.7%, Yezidi 1%, Russian 0.9%, other 0.4% (2001 census)

Government type

republic

Independence

21 September 1991 (from the Soviet Union)

National holiday

Independence Day, 21 September (1991)

Chief of state

President Serzh SARGSIAN (since 9 April 2008)

Head of government

Prime Minister Tigran SARGSIAN (since 9 April 2008)

Internet country code

.am

Internet users

208,200 (2009)

Airports

11 (2010)

Other countries in the region