Good company in a journey makes the way seem shorter.
— Izaak Walton, 1593 - 1683




In 1816, the United Provinces of the Rio Plata declared their independence from Spain. After Bolivia, Paraguay, and Uruguay went their separate ways, the area that remained became Argentina. The country's population and culture were heavily shaped by immigrants from throughout Europe, but most particularly Italy and Spain, which provided the largest percentage of newcomers from 1860 to 1930. Up until about the mid-20th century, much of Argentina's history was dominated by periods of internal political conflict between Federalists and Unitarians and between civilian and military factions. After World War II, an era of Peronist populism and direct and indirect military interference in subsequent governments was followed by a military junta that took power in 1976. Democracy returned in 1983 after a failed bid to seize the Falkland (Malvinas) Islands by force, and has persisted despite numerous challenges, the most formidable of which was a severe economic crisis in 2001-02 that led to violent public protests and the successive resignations of several presidents.


Argentina, , (officially Argentine Republic; Spanish "Republica Argentina") is a large, elongated country in the southern part of South America, neighbouring countries being Bolivia, Brazil, and Paraguay to the north, Uruguay to the north east and Chile to the west. In the east Argentina has a long South Atlantic Ocean coastline.

Read more about Argentina in our Argentina travel guide »

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Featured hotels in


ArgentinaSheraton Libertador Hotel 

Av. Cordoba 690
Buenos Aires 1054

Price (US$): $140 - $290 / night

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Location. Sheraton Libertador Hotel is a business friendly hotel located in Buenos Aires's Retiro neighborhood, close to Pacific Gallery, Borges Cultural Center, and Buenos Aires Stock Exchange. Additional points of interest include Palacio de Justicia and Plaza San Martin. Hotel Features. Sheraton Libertador Hotel features a restaurant and a bar/lounge. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include an indoor pool, a health club, and a sauna. Spa amenities include… more »

ArgentinaPanamericano Buenos Aires Hotel 

Av Carlos Pellegrini 551
Buenos Aires 1009

Price (US$): $242 - $518 / night

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Location. Located in central Buenos Aires, Panamericano Buenos Aires Hotel is a business friendly hotel within walking distance of Teatro Colon, Palacio de Justicia, and Obelisco. Additional points of interest include Borges Cultural Center and San Martin Cultural Center. Hotel Features. Panamericano Buenos Aires Hotel's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A poolside bar and a bar/lounge are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves a… more »

ArgentinaLirolay Suites 

Av Bustillo km 7
Bariloche 8400

Price (US$): $330 - $331 / night

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Location. Lirolay Suites is located on the beach in Bariloche, close to Cerro Otto Cable Car. Other points of interest are Civic Center Bariloche and Cerro Catedral. Hotel Features. Spa amenities include facials, body treatments, and beauty services. Complimentary wireless Internet access is available in public areas and the hotel has an Internet point. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. A complimentary buffet breakfast is served each morning. For a… more »

ArgentinaMelia Buenos Aires Hotel & Convention Center 

Reconquista 945 - Centro
Buenos Aires C1003ABS

Price (US$): $195 - $235 / night

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Location. Located in central Buenos Aires, Melia Buenos Aires Hotel & Convention Center is near the airport and within walking distance of Edificio Kavanagh, Borges Cultural Center, and Plaza San Martin. Additional points of interest include Buenos Aires Stock Exchange and Plaza Libertad. Hotel Features. Dining options at Melia Buenos Aires Hotel & Convention Center include 3 restaurants. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves buffet… more »

ArgentinaIguazu Grand Resort Spa & Casino 

Route 12 Km 1640
Iguazu 3770

Price (US$): $450 - $451 / night

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Location. Iguazu Grand Resort Spa & Casino is located in Iguazu, close to La Aripuca, Aripuca, and Tancredo Neves Bridge. Nearby points of interest also include Guira Oga and Space of the Americas. Hotel Features. Recreational amenities include 3 outdoor swimming pools. Also located on site are an indoor pool and a health club. The property's full service health spa has facials. This 4.5 star property has a business center and offers technology support staff and audiovisual equipment.… more »

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Full name
Argentine Republic
Buenos Aires

Southern South America, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Chile and Uruguay

Geographic coordinates

34 00 S, 64 00 W

Area comparative

slightly less than three-tenths the size of the US

Border countries

Bolivia 832 km, Brazil 1,261 km, Chile 5,308 km, Paraguay 1,880 km, Uruguay 580 km


4,989 km


mostly temperate; arid in southeast; subantarctic in southwest


rich plains of the Pampas in northern half, flat to rolling plateau of Patagonia in south, rugged Andes along western border

Lowest point

Laguna del Carbon -105 m (located between Puerto San Julian and Comandante Luis Piedra Buena in the province of Santa Cruz)

Highest point

Cerro Aconcagua 6,960 m (located in the northwestern corner of the province of Mendoza)

Natural resources

fertile plains of the pampas, lead, zinc, tin, copper, iron ore, manganese, petroleum, uranium


41,343,201 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

white (mostly Spanish and Italian) 97%, mestizo (mixed white and Amerindian ancestry), Amerindian, or other non-white groups 3%


nominally Roman Catholic 92% (less than 20% practicing), Protestant 2%, Jewish 2%, other 4%


Spanish (official), Italian, English, German, French

Government type



9 July 1816 (from Spain)

National holiday

Revolution Day, 25 May (1810)

Chief of state

President Cristina FERNANDEZ DE KIRCHNER (since 10 December 2007); Vice President Julio COBOS (since 10 December 2007); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

Head of government

President Cristina FERNANDEZ DE KIRCHNER (since 10 December 2007); Vice President Julio COBOS (since 10 December 2007)

Internet country code


Internet users

13.694 million (2009)


1,141 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Arroyo Seco, Bahia Blanca, Buenos Aires, La Plata, Punta Colorada, Rosario, San Lorenzo-San Martin

Other countries in the region