They change their climate, not their soul, who rush across the sea.
— Horace, 65 - 8 B.C.
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Aruba

Background

Aruba

Discovered and claimed for Spain in 1499, Aruba was acquired by the Dutch in 1636. The island's economy has been dominated by three main industries. A 19th century gold rush was followed by prosperity brought on by the opening in 1924 of an oil refinery. The last decades of the 20th century saw a boom in the tourism industry. Aruba seceded from the Netherlands Antilles in 1986 and became a separate, autonomous member of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Movement toward full independence was halted at Aruba's request in 1990.

About

Aruba is a Caribbean island 15 miles north of the coast of Venezuela. The island is an autonomous dependency of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. It is 19.6 miles (30 kilometers) long and 6 miles (9 kilometers) across, at its widest point, with an area of approximately 70 square miles (184 square kilometers). This flat, riverless island is renowned for its white sand beaches. Its tropical climate is moderated by constant trade winds from the Atlantic Ocean. The temperature is almost constant at about 27°C (81°F). The yearly rainfall usually does not exceed 20 inches. Aruba layes outside the Caribean hurricane belt.

Read more about Aruba in our Aruba travel guide »

Featured hotels in

Aruba

ArubaThe Westin Resort & Casino, Aruba 

J E Irausquin Boulevard 77
Palm Beach
Aruba

Price (US$): $513 - $552 / night

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Location. The Westin Resort & Casino, Aruba is located on the beach in Palm Beach, close to Butterfly Farm, Palm Beach, and Bubali Bird Sanctuary. Other points of interest near this spa resort include Eagle Beach and Manchebo Beach. Resort Features. The Westin Resort & Casino, Aruba features a restaurant, a poolside bar, and a bar/lounge. Room service is available during limited hours. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, a children's pool, a spa tub, a fitness facility, and a… more »

ArubaGold Coast Aruba 

Diamante 142
Noord
Aruba

Price (US$): $431 - $656 / night

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Location. Located in Noord, Gold Coast Aruba is near the airport and close to Tierra del Sol Golf Course, Arashi Beach, and California Lighthouse. Nearby points of interest also include Alto Vista Chapel and Malmok Beach. Resort Features. Recreational amenities include a children's pool. Wireless Internet access (surcharge) is available in public areas. Guest parking is complimentary. Additional property amenities include barbecue grills, multilingual staff, and laundry facilities. This is a… more »

ArubaAmsterdam Manor Beach Resort 

J.E. Irausquin Boulevard 252
Oranjestad
Aruba

Price (US$): $195 - $330 / night

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Location. Amsterdam Manor Beach Resort is located on the beach in Oranjestad's Eagle Manchebo Beach neighborhood, close to Eagle Beach, Palm Beach, and Bubali Bird Sanctuary. Other points of interest near this eco friendly resort include Manchebo Beach and Royal Plaza Mall. Resort Features. Dining options at Amsterdam Manor Beach Resort include 2 restaurants. 2 bars/lounges are open for drinks. Room service is available during limited hours. The resort serves buffet breakfasts each morning… more »

ArubaRiu Palace Aruba All Inclusive 

J.E. Irausquin Blvd 79
Palm Beach
Aruba

Price (US$): $1082 - $1083 / night

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Location. Riu Palace Aruba All Inclusive is located on the beach in Palm Beach, close to Butterfly Farm, Palm Beach, and Bubali Bird Sanctuary. Other points of interest near this all inclusive resort include Eagle Beach and Manchebo Beach. Property Features. This resort is all inclusive. Rates include meals and beverages at onsite dining establishments. Charges may be applied for dining at some restaurants, special dinners and dishes, some beverages, and other amenities. Riu Palace Aruba All… more »

ArubaHyatt Regency Aruba Resort and Casino 

Juan E Irausquin Blvd 85
Palm Beach
Aruba

Price (US$): $495 - $745 / night

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Location. Hyatt Regency Aruba Resort and Casino is located on the beach in Palm Beach, close to Paseo Herencia Shopping Mall, Eagle Beach, and Manchebo Beach. Other points of interest near this spa resort include Arashi Beach and Alto Vista Chapel. Resort Features. Hyatt Regency Aruba Resort and Casino features a coffee shop/café, a poolside bar, a bar/lounge, and a swim up bar. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, a children's pool, a… more »

Browse more hotels in Aruba »

Aruba

Capital
Oranjestad
Location

Caribbean, island in the Caribbean Sea, north of Venezuela

Geographic coordinates

12 30 N, 69 58 W

Area comparative

slightly larger than Washington, DC

Coastline

68.5 km

Climate

tropical marine; little seasonal temperature variation

Terrain

flat with a few hills; scant vegetation

Lowest point

Caribbean Sea 0 m

Highest point

Ceru Jamanota 188 m

Natural resources

NEGL; white sandy beaches

Population

104,589

Ethnic groups

mixed white/Caribbean Amerindian 80%, other 20%

Religions

Roman Catholic 80.8%, Evangelist 4.1%, Protestant 2.5%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1.5%, Methodist 1.2%, Jewish 0.2%, other 5.1%, none or unspecified 4.6%

Languages

Papiamento (a Spanish-Portuguese-Dutch-English dialect) 66.3%, Spanish 12.6%, English (widely spoken) 7.7%, Dutch (official) 5.8%, other 2.2%, unspecified or unknown 5.3% (2000 census)

Government type

parliamentary democracy

Independence

none (part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands)

National holiday

Flag Day, 18 March (1976)

Chief of state

Queen BEATRIX of the Netherlands (since 30 April 1980); represented by Governor General Fredis REFUNJOL (since 11 May 2004)

Head of government

Prime Minister Michiel Godfried (Mike) EMAN (since 30 October 2009)

Internet country code

.aw

Internet users

24,000 (2009)

Airports

1 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Barcadera, Oranjestad, Sint Nicolaas

Other countries in the region