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Hong Kong (S.A.R.)

Background

Hong Kong (S.A.R.)

Occupied by the UK in 1841, Hong Kong was formally ceded by China the following year; various adjacent lands were added later in the 19th century. Pursuant to an agreement signed by China and the UK on 19 December 1984, Hong Kong became the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR) of the People's Republic of China on 1 July 1997. In this agreement, China promised that, under its "one country, two systems" formula, China's socialist economic system would not be imposed on Hong Kong and that Hong Kong would enjoy a high degree of autonomy in all matters except foreign and defense affairs for the next 50 years.

About

Hong Kong (香港 Heūng góng in Cantonese, Xiāng gǎng in Mandarin, meaning fragrant harbour) is a place with multiple personalities, as a result of being both Cantonese Chinese and under a long-time British influence. Today, the former British colony is a major tourism destination for China's increasingly affluent population. It is also an important hub in East Asia with global connections to many of the world's cities. It is a unique destination that has absorbed people and cultural influences from places as diverse as Vietnam and Vancouver and proudly proclaims itself to be Asia's World City.

The Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China is much more than a harbour city. The traveller weary of its crowded streets may be tempted to describe it as Hong Kongcrete. Yet, this territory with its cloudy mountains and rocky islands is mostly a rural landscape. Much of the countryside is classified as Country Park and, although 7 million people are never far away, it is possible to find pockets of wilderness that will reward the more intrepid tourist.

Hong Kong has a subtropical climate with at least one season to match your comfort zone. Boasting one of the world's best airports, it is the ideal stopover for those who wish to travel deeper into the Orient.

Read more about Hong Kong (S.A.R.) in our Hong Kong (S.A.R.) travel guide »

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Featured hotels in

Hong Kong (S.A.R.)

Hong Kong (S.A.R.)Harbour Grand Kowloon 

20 Tak Fung Street
Whampoa Garden, Hunghom
Kowloon
Hong Kong (S.A.R.)

Price (US$): $232 - $464 / night

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Location. Located in central Kowloon, Harbour Grand Kowloon is a business friendly hotel within walking distance of Hung Hom Ferry Pier and Hung Hom Star Ferry Pier. Additional points of interest include Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre and International Commerce Centre. Hotel Features. Harbour Grand Kowloon features a coffee shop/café, a poolside bar, and a bar/lounge. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves hot and cold buffet breakfasts each morning… more »

Hong Kong (S.A.R.)Conrad Hong Kong 

Pacific Place
88 Queensway, Central
Hong Kong
Hong Kong (S.A.R.)

Price (US$): $496 - $1051 / night

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Location. Located in central Hong Kong, Conrad Hong Kong is a business friendly hotel within walking distance of Pacific Place, Central Government Office, and Bank of China Tower. Additional points of interest include City Hall Public Library and Hong Kong City Hall. Hotel Features. Dining options at Conrad Hong Kong include 6 restaurants. A poolside bar and a bar/lounge are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, a health… more »

Hong Kong (S.A.R.)Marco Polo Hongkong Hotel 

3 Canton Road, Harbour City
Tsim Sha Tsui
Kowloon
Hong Kong (S.A.R.)

Price (US$): $290 - $477 / night

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Location. Marco Polo Hongkong Hotel is a business friendly hotel located in Kowloon's Harbour City neighborhood, close to Harbour City, Avenue of Stars, and International Commerce Centre. Additional points of interest include Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre and Hong Kong City Hall. Hotel Features. Dining options at Marco Polo Hongkong Hotel include a restaurant and a coffee shop/café. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves… more »

Hong Kong (S.A.R.)Island Shangri-La 

Pacific Place, Supreme Court Road
Central
Hong Kong
Hong Kong (S.A.R.)

Price (US$): $554 - $735 / night

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Location. Located in central Hong Kong, Island Shangri La is a business friendly hotel within walking distance of Pacific Place, Central Government Office, and Bank of China Tower. Additional points of interest include City Hall Public Library and Hong Kong City Hall. Hotel Features. Dining options at Island Shangri La include 8 restaurants. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves buffet breakfasts each morning in the café (surcharges… more »

Hong Kong (S.A.R.)Crowne Plaza Hong Kong Kowloon East 

Tower 5, 3 Tong Tak Street,tseung Kwan O
Kowloon
Hong Kong (S.A.R.)

Price (US$): $245 - $399 / night

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Location. Crowne Plaza Hong Kong Kowloon East is a business friendly hotel located in Kowloon, close to Haven of Hope Hospital, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, and Clear Water Bay Beach. Additional points of interest include apm Shopping Mall and Cham Shan Monastery. Hotel Features. Dining options at Crowne Plaza Hong Kong Kowloon East include 4 restaurants. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include an outdoor… more »

Browse more hotels in Hong Kong (S.A.R.) »

Hong Kong (S.A.R.)

Full name
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region
Capital
Hong Kong
Location

Eastern Asia, bordering the South China Sea and China

Geographic coordinates

22 15 N, 114 10 E

Area comparative

six times the size of Washington, DC

Coastline

733 km

Climate

subtropical monsoon; cool and humid in winter, hot and rainy from spring through summer, warm and sunny in fall

Terrain

hilly to mountainous with steep slopes; lowlands in north

Lowest point

South China Sea 0 m

Highest point

Tai Mo Shan 958 m

Natural resources

outstanding deepwater harbor, feldspar

Population

7,089,705 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

Chinese 95%, Filipino 1.6%, Indonesian 1.3%, other 2.1% (2006 census)

Religions

eclectic mixture of local religions 90%, Christian 10%

Languages

Cantonese 90.8% (official), English 2.8% (official), Putonghua (Mandarin) 0.9%, other Chinese dialects 4.4%, other 1.1% (2006 census)

Government type

limited democracy

Independence

none (special administrative region of China)

National holiday

National Day (Anniversary of the Founding of the People's Republic of China), 1 October (1949); note - 1 July 1997 is celebrated as Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Establishment Day

Chief of state

President of China HU Jintao (since 15 March 2003)

Head of government

Chief Executive Donald TSANG Yam-kuen (since 24 June 2005)

Internet country code

.hk

Internet users

4.873 million (2009)

Airports

2 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Hong Kong

Other countries in the region