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Hong Kong (S.A.R.)

Background

Hong Kong (S.A.R.)

Occupied by the UK in 1841, Hong Kong was formally ceded by China the following year; various adjacent lands were added later in the 19th century. Pursuant to an agreement signed by China and the UK on 19 December 1984, Hong Kong became the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR) of the People's Republic of China on 1 July 1997. In this agreement, China promised that, under its "one country, two systems" formula, China's socialist economic system would not be imposed on Hong Kong and that Hong Kong would enjoy a high degree of autonomy in all matters except foreign and defense affairs for the next 50 years.

About

Hong Kong (香港 Heūng góng in Cantonese, Xiāng gǎng in Mandarin, meaning fragrant harbour) is a place with multiple personalities, as a result of being both Cantonese Chinese and under a long-time British influence. Today, the former British colony is a major tourism destination for China's increasingly affluent population. It is also an important hub in East Asia with global connections to many of the world's cities. It is a unique destination that has absorbed people and cultural influences from places as diverse as Vietnam and Vancouver and proudly proclaims itself to be Asia's World City.

The Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China is much more than a harbour city. The traveller weary of its crowded streets may be tempted to describe it as Hong Kongcrete. Yet, this territory with its cloudy mountains and rocky islands is mostly a rural landscape. Much of the countryside is classified as Country Park and, although 7 million people are never far away, it is possible to find pockets of wilderness that will reward the more intrepid tourist.

Hong Kong has a subtropical climate with at least one season to match your comfort zone. Boasting one of the world's best airports, it is the ideal stopover for those who wish to travel deeper into the Orient.

Read more about Hong Kong (S.A.R.) in our Hong Kong (S.A.R.) travel guide »

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Featured hotels in

Hong Kong (S.A.R.)

Hong Kong (S.A.R.)The Mira Hong Kong Hotel 

118 Nathan Road
Tsimshatsui
Kowloon
Hong Kong (S.A.R.)

Price (US$): $245 - $631 / night

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Location. Located in central Kowloon, The Mira Hong Kong Hotel is within walking distance of Miramar Shopping Centre, Nathan Road, and Kowloon Mosque and Islamic Centre. Nearby points of interest also include Harbour City and Avenue of Stars. Hotel Features. Dining options at The Mira Hong Kong Hotel include 3 restaurants. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available. Recreational amenities include an indoor pool, a health club, and a sauna. The property's full service health… more »

Hong Kong (S.A.R.)Four Seasons Hotel Hong Kong 

8 Finance Street
Central
Hong Kong
Hong Kong (S.A.R.)

Price (US$): $709 - $3610 / night

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Location. Located in central Hong Kong, Four Seasons Hotel Hong Kong is a business friendly hotel within walking distance of International Finance Centre, Macau Ferry Terminal, Hong Kong, Hong Kong, and Exchange Square. Additional points of interest include City Hall Public Library and Hong Kong City Hall. Hotel Features. Dining options at Four Seasons Hotel Hong Kong include 6 restaurants. 2 bars/lounges and a poolside bar are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The… more »

Hong Kong (S.A.R.)The Peninsula Hong Kong 

Salisbury Road
Tsim Sha Tsui
Kowloon
Hong Kong (S.A.R.)

Price (US$): $642 - $1519 / night

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Location. Located in central Kowloon, The Peninsula Hong Kong is a business friendly hotel within walking distance of Hong Kong Space Museum, Avenue of Stars, and Nathan Road. Additional points of interest include Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre and International Commerce Centre. Hotel Features. In addition to 6 restaurants, The Peninsula Hong Kong offers a snack bar/deli and a coffee shop/café. 2 bars/lounges and a poolside bar are open for drinks. Room service is available 24… more »

Hong Kong (S.A.R.)The Landmark Mandarin Oriental, Hong Kong 

15 Queens Road
Central
Hong Kong
Hong Kong (S.A.R.)

Price (US$): $580 - $735 / night

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Location. Located in central Hong Kong, The Landmark Mandarin Oriental, Hong Kong is a business friendly hotel within walking distance of Landmark Shopping Area, Government House, and City Hall Public Library. Additional points of interest include Hong Kong City Hall and Central Government Office. Hotel Features. The Landmark Mandarin Oriental, Hong Kong features a restaurant, a poolside bar, and a bar/lounge. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include an indoor… more »

Hong Kong (S.A.R.)Hullett House Hotel 

2a Canton Road, Tsim Sha Tsui
Hong Kong
Kowloon
Hong Kong (S.A.R.)

Price (US$): $590 - $784 / night

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Location. Located in central Kowloon, Hullett House Hotel is steps from Harbour City, Hong Kong Cultural Centre, and Tsim Sha Tsui Clock Tower. Nearby points of interest also include Nathan Road and Avenue of Stars. Hotel Features. Hullett House Hotel features a coffee shop/café and a bar/lounge. Complimentary wireless Internet access is available in public areas. Concierge services, tour/ticket assistance, and tour assistance are available. Additional property amenities include… more »

Browse more hotels in Hong Kong (S.A.R.) »

Hong Kong (S.A.R.)

Full name
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region
Capital
Hong Kong
Location

Eastern Asia, bordering the South China Sea and China

Geographic coordinates

22 15 N, 114 10 E

Area comparative

six times the size of Washington, DC

Coastline

733 km

Climate

subtropical monsoon; cool and humid in winter, hot and rainy from spring through summer, warm and sunny in fall

Terrain

hilly to mountainous with steep slopes; lowlands in north

Lowest point

South China Sea 0 m

Highest point

Tai Mo Shan 958 m

Natural resources

outstanding deepwater harbor, feldspar

Population

7,089,705 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

Chinese 95%, Filipino 1.6%, Indonesian 1.3%, other 2.1% (2006 census)

Religions

eclectic mixture of local religions 90%, Christian 10%

Languages

Cantonese 90.8% (official), English 2.8% (official), Putonghua (Mandarin) 0.9%, other Chinese dialects 4.4%, other 1.1% (2006 census)

Government type

limited democracy

Independence

none (special administrative region of China)

National holiday

National Day (Anniversary of the Founding of the People's Republic of China), 1 October (1949); note - 1 July 1997 is celebrated as Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Establishment Day

Chief of state

President of China HU Jintao (since 15 March 2003)

Head of government

Chief Executive Donald TSANG Yam-kuen (since 24 June 2005)

Internet country code

.hk

Internet users

4.873 million (2009)

Airports

2 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Hong Kong

Other countries in the region