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Guernsey

Background

Guernsey

Guernsey and the other Channel Islands represent the last remnants of the medieval Dukedom of Normandy, which held sway in both France and England. The islands were the only British soil occupied by German troops in World War II. Guernsey is a British crown dependency but is not part of the UK or of the European Union. However, the UK Government is constitutionally responsible for its defense and international representation.

About

Guernsey is a group of islands in the English Channel, part of the Channel Islands.

Read more about Guernsey in our Guernsey travel guide »

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Guernsey

Full name
Bailiwick of Guernsey
Capital
St Peter Port
Location

Western Europe, islands in the English Channel, northwest of France

Geographic coordinates

49 28 N, 2 35 W

Area comparative

about one-half the size of Washington, DC

Coastline

50 km

Climate

temperate with mild winters and cool summers; about 50% of days are overcast

Terrain

mostly level with low hills in southwest

Lowest point

Atlantic Ocean 0 m

Highest point

unnamed elevation on Sark 114 m

Natural resources

cropland

Population

64,775 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

British and Norman-French descent with small percentages from other European countries

Religions

Anglican, Roman Catholic, Presbyterian, Baptist, Congregational, Methodist

Languages

English, French, Norman-French dialect spoken in country districts

Government type

parliamentary democracy

Independence

none (British crown dependency)

National holiday

Liberation Day, 9 May (1945)

Chief of state

Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by Lieutenant Governor Sir Fabian MALBON (since 28 October 2005)

Head of government

Chief Minister Lyndon TROTT (since 1 May 2008); Bailiff Sir Geoffrey ROWLAND (since June 2005)

Internet country code

.gg

Internet users

48,300 (2009)

Airports

2 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Braye Bay, Saint Peter Port

Other countries in the region