To travel is to take a journey into yourself.
— Danny Kaye, 1913 - 1987
EN
EN

Greenland

Background

Greenland

Greenland, the world's largest island, is about 81% ice capped. Vikings reached the island in the 10th century from Iceland; Danish colonization began in the 18th century, and Greenland was made an integral part of Denmark in 1953. It joined the European Community (now the EU) with Denmark in 1973 but withdrew in 1985 over a dispute centered on stringent fishing quotas. Greenland was granted self-government in 1979 by the Danish parliament; the law went into effect the following year. Greenland voted in favor of increased self-rule in November 2008 and acquired greater responsibility for internal affairs in June 2009. Denmark, however, continues to exercise control of Greenland's foreign affairs, security, and financial policy in consultation with Greenland's Home Rule Government.

About

Greenland (Greenlandic: Kalaallit Nunaat; Danish: Grønland) is the world's largest non-continental island, in the far northeast of North America, largely within the Arctic Circle. Although it is still part of the Kingdom of Denmark, it was granted self-government effective in 1979, more recently it voted for more autonomy, in effect making it a separate country with formal ties to Denmark. Some inhabitants are now projecting the eventual road to independence. Copenhagen remains responsible for its foreign affairs, and of course is a source of investment. The closest neighbouring countries are Iceland to the South-East, Canada to the West and Svalbard in Norway to the North-East.

The Greenland Tourism and Business council's official website provides a wealth of information for the would-be visitor.

Read more about Greenland in our Greenland travel guide »

Featured journals from

Greenland

Summer 2017

by madjeanne

Headed North to cool down a bit.

Jul 2017 - Sep 2017  »  United States | United Kingdom | Norway | Svalbard and Jan Mayen | Sweden | Estonia | Russia | Finland | Germany | Netherlands | Belgium | Ireland | Iceland | Greenland | Canada

Featured hotels in

Greenland

GreenlandHOTEL AVANNAA 

Nuussuataap Aqq. 2
Ilulissat 3952
Greenland

Price (US$): $155 - $156 / night

Check rates »

Hotel Avannaa is a new privately owned hotel opened in 2011. The hotel offers 22 double/twin rooms. All our rooms have own bath room, 32 TV, wireless internet access, kitchenette, and access to balcony directly from all rooms. The rooms are furnished in a simple relaxed style, decorated with local Greenlandic art. Hotel Avanna is located in a quiet area at the outskirt of the town with the most beautiful and stunning view to the Ice Fjord of Ilulissat and the Diskobay where the gigantic… more »

GreenlandHOTEL ARCTIC 

Mittarfimmut B-1128
Iulissat 3952
Greenland

. 87 ROOMS 3 LEVELS INTERIOR CORRIDOR more »

Browse more hotels in Greenland »

Greenland

Capital
Nuuk
Location

Northern North America, island between the Arctic Ocean and the North Atlantic Ocean, northeast of Canada

Geographic coordinates

72 00 N, 40 00 W

Area comparative

slightly more than three times the size of Texas

Coastline

44,087 km

Climate

arctic to subarctic; cool summers, cold winters

Terrain

flat to gradually sloping icecap covers all but a narrow, mountainous, barren, rocky coast

Lowest point

Atlantic Ocean 0 m

Highest point

Gunnbjorn Fjeld 3,700 m

Natural resources

coal, iron ore, lead, zinc, molybdenum, diamonds, gold, platinum, niobium, tantalite, uranium, fish, seals, whales, hydropower, possible oil and gas

Population

57,637 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

Inuit 89%, Danish and other 11% (2009)

Religions

Evangelical Lutheran

Languages

Greenlandic (East Inuit) (official), Danish, English

Government type

parliamentary democracy within a constitutional monarchy

Independence

none (extensive self-rule as part of the Kingdom of Denmark; foreign affairs is the responsibility of Denmark, but Greenland actively participates in international agreements relating to Greenland)

National holiday

June 21 (longest day)

Chief of state

Queen MARGRETHE II of Denmark (since 14 January 1972), represented by High Commissioner Soeren Hald MOELLER (since April 2005)

Head of government

Prime Minister Kuupik KLEIST (since 12 June 2009)

Internet country code

.gl

Internet users

36,000 (2009)

Airports

15 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Sisimiut

Other countries in the region