Without adventure civilization is in full decay.
— Alfred North Whitehead, 1861 - 1947




Greece achieved independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1829. During the second half of the 19th century and the first half of the 20th century, it gradually added neighboring islands and territories, most with Greek-speaking populations. In World War II, Greece was first invaded by Italy (1940) and subsequently occupied by Germany (1941-44); fighting endured in a protracted civil war between supporters of the king and other anti-Communists and Communist rebels. Following the latter's defeat in 1949, Greece joined NATO in 1952. In 1967, a group of military officers seized power, establishing a military dictatorship that suspended many political liberties and forced the king to flee the country. In 1974, democratic elections and a referendum created a parliamentary republic and abolished the monarchy. In 1981, Greece joined the EC (now the EU); it became the 12th member of the European Economic and Monetary Union in 2001. In 2010, the prospect of a Greek default on its euro-denominated debt created severe strains within the EMU and raised the question of whether a member country might voluntarily leave the common currency or be removed.


Greece (Ελλάς, Hellas) is a country in Southern Europe, on the southernmost tip of the Balkan peninsula, with extensive coastlines and islands in the Aegean, Ionian, and Mediterranean Seas. It shares borders in the north with Albania, the Republic of Macedonia, Bulgaria, and Turkey. It has an ancient culture that has had a significant influence on the arts, language, philosophy, politics, and sports of western society, including the genres of comedy and drama, western alphabets, Platonic ideals and the Socratic method, democracies and republics, and the Olympics. Furthermore it's a geographically appealing place to visit, with a mountainous mainland and idyllic island beaches.

Read more about Greece in our Greece travel guide »

Featured journals from


One Month in Greece

by TremontBruce

(two days of rain)

Jun 2013 - Jul 2013  »  Greece

Paralos Yachts

by ParalosYachts

Yachts, Bareboats and Sailing Boat Vacation in Greek Islands

Jan 2017  »  Greece

Spin the globe....summer 2018

by madjeanne

Temperature hit 100, gotta go!

May 2018 - Jul 2018  »  United States | Italy | Croatia | Montenegro | Greece | Turkey | Malta | Spain | France | Monaco

Greece 2008

by erezarmo

Sep 2010 - Sep 2008  »  Greece

Featured hotels in


GreeceHotel Poseidon Resort 

Loutraki 20300

Price (US$): $119 - $625 / night

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Location. Hotel Poseidon Resort is located on the beach in Loutraki's midtown area and local attractions include Corinth Canal. Other regional attractions include Temple of Apollo and Acrocorinth. Hotel Features. In addition to 4 restaurants, Hotel Poseidon Resort offers 3 coffee shops/caf├ęs and a snack bar/deli. A poolside bar and a bar/lounge are open for drinks. Room service is available during limited hours. The hotel serves a complimentary full breakfast in the restaurant. Recreational… more »

GreeceAlexander Beach Hotel & Village 

Mallia Centre
Chersonissos 70007

Price (US$): $114 - $274 / night

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Location. Alexander Beach Hotel & Village is located on the beach in Chersonissos's Stalis neighborhood, close to Palace of Malia, Lychnostatis, and Star Beach Water Park. Other points of interest are Aquaworld Aquarium Hersonissos Crete and Acqua Plus. Hotel Features. Alexander Beach Hotel & Village features a beach bar, a poolside bar, a bar/lounge, and a swim up bar. The hotel serves a complimentary buffet breakfast each morning in the restaurant. Recreational amenities include 3 outdoor… more »

GreeceSantorini Kastelli Resort 

Santorini 84700

Price (US$): $169 - $247 / night

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Location. Santorini Kastelli Resort is located in Santorini's Kamari neighborhood, close to Kamari Beach, Ancient Thira, and Wine Museum. Nearby points of interest also include Prophet Elias Monastery and Museum of Minerals and Fossils. Hotel Features. Santorini Kastelli Resort's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A poolside bar and a bar/lounge are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves a complimentary buffet breakfast each morning in the… more »

GreeceElectra Palace Hotel Athens 

18 - 20 N Nikodimou Street
Athens 105 57

Price (US$): $132 - $1257 / night

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Location. Located in central Athens, Electra Palace Hotel Athens is within walking distance of Greek Folk Art Museum, Hadrian's Arch, and Temple of Olympian Zeus. Nearby points of interest also include Acropolis and Benaki Museum. Hotel Features. Dining options at Electra Palace Hotel Athens include 2 restaurants. A poolside bar and a bar/lounge are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. A complimentary buffet breakfast is served each morning. Recreational amenities… more »

GreeceArion Resort And Spa 

40 Apollonos Str
Vari-Voula-Vouliagmeni 16671

Price (US$): $157 - $572 / night

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Location. Arion Resort And Spa is located on the beach in Vari Voula Vouliagmeni's Vouliagmeni neighborhood, close to Kavouri Beach and Vouliagmeni Spa Lake. Another point of interest is Glyfada Golf Club of Athens. Hotel Features. Dining options at Arion Resort And Spa include 4 restaurants. 2 bars/lounges and a beach bar are open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves hot and cold buffet breakfasts each morning in the restaurant (surcharges apply).… more »

Browse more hotels in Greece »


Full name
Hellenic Republic

Southern Europe, bordering the Aegean Sea, Ionian Sea, and the Mediterranean Sea, between Albania and Turkey

Geographic coordinates

39 00 N, 22 00 E

Area comparative

slightly smaller than Alabama

Border countries

Albania 282 km, Bulgaria 494 km, Turkey 206 km, Macedonia 246 km


13,676 km


temperate; mild, wet winters; hot, dry summers


mostly mountains with ranges extending into the sea as peninsulas or chains of islands

Lowest point

Mediterranean Sea 0 m

Highest point

Mount Olympus 2,917 m

Natural resources

lignite, petroleum, iron ore, bauxite, lead, zinc, nickel, magnesite, marble, salt, hydropower potential


10,749,943 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

population Greek 93%, other (foreign citizens) 7% (2001 census)


Greek Orthodox 98%, Muslim 1.3%, other 0.7%


Greek 99% (official), other 1% (includes English and French)

Government type

parliamentary republic


1829 (from the Ottoman Empire)

National holiday

Independence Day, 25 March (1821)

Chief of state

President Karolos PAPOULIAS (since 12 March 2005)

Head of government

Prime Minister Georgios Andreas PAPANDREOU (since 6 October 2009)

Internet country code


Internet users

4.971 million (2009)


81 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Agioi Theodoroi, Aspropyrgos, Pachi, Piraeus, Thessaloniki

Other countries in the region