Travel becomes a strategy for accumulating photographs.
— Susan Sontag, 1933 - 2004




Greece achieved independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1829. During the second half of the 19th century and the first half of the 20th century, it gradually added neighboring islands and territories, most with Greek-speaking populations. In World War II, Greece was first invaded by Italy (1940) and subsequently occupied by Germany (1941-44); fighting endured in a protracted civil war between supporters of the king and other anti-Communists and Communist rebels. Following the latter's defeat in 1949, Greece joined NATO in 1952. In 1967, a group of military officers seized power, establishing a military dictatorship that suspended many political liberties and forced the king to flee the country. In 1974, democratic elections and a referendum created a parliamentary republic and abolished the monarchy. In 1981, Greece joined the EC (now the EU); it became the 12th member of the European Economic and Monetary Union in 2001. In 2010, the prospect of a Greek default on its euro-denominated debt created severe strains within the EMU and raised the question of whether a member country might voluntarily leave the common currency or be removed.


Greece (Ελλάς, Hellas) is a country in Southern Europe, on the southernmost tip of the Balkan peninsula, with extensive coastlines and islands in the Aegean, Ionian, and Mediterranean Seas. It shares borders in the north with Albania, the Republic of Macedonia, Bulgaria, and Turkey. It has an ancient culture that has had a significant influence on the arts, language, philosophy, politics, and sports of western society, including the genres of comedy and drama, western alphabets, Platonic ideals and the Socratic method, democracies and republics, and the Olympics. Furthermore it's a geographically appealing place to visit, with a mountainous mainland and idyllic island beaches.

Read more about Greece in our Greece travel guide »

Featured journals from


One Month in Greece

by TremontBruce

(two days of rain)

Jun 2013 - Jul 2013  »  Greece

Paralos Yachts

by ParalosYachts

Yachts, Bareboats and Sailing Boat Vacation in Greek Islands

Jan 2017  »  Greece

Spin the globe....summer 2018

by madjeanne

Temperature hit 100, gotta go!

May 2018 - Jul 2018  »  United States | Italy | Croatia | Montenegro | Greece | Turkey | Malta | Spain | France | Monaco

Greece 2008

by erezarmo

Sep 2010 - Sep 2008  »  Greece

Featured hotels in


GreeceNaxos Imperial 

Agios Prokopis Naxou
Naxos Town
Naxos 84300

Price (US$): $107 - $538 / night

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Location. Naxos Imperial is located on the beach in Naxos's Agios Prokopios neighborhood, close to Agios Prokopios Beach, Agia Anna Beach, and Plaka Beach. Other points of interest near this luxury hotel include Agios Georgios Beach and Archaelogical Museum. Hotel Features. Naxos Imperial features a restaurant, a poolside bar, and a bar/lounge. Room service is available. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool, an indoor pool, a children's pool, a health club, and a spa tub. Spa… more »

GreeceKipriotis Panorama Hotel & Suites 

Georgiou Papandreou Street
Kos 85300

Price (US$): $167 - $219 / night

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Location. Kipriotis Panorama Hotel & Suites is located near the beach in Kos's Kos Town neighborhood and close to Kos Marina, Ancient Agora, and Tree of Hippocrates. Additional points of interest include Church of Agia Paraskevi and Kos Castle. Hotel Features. Dining options at Kipriotis Panorama Hotel & Suites include 2 restaurants. A beach bar and a poolside bar are open for drinks. Room service is available during limited hours. Recreational amenities include an indoor pool, a children's… more »

GreeceApollonion Resort & Spa 

Xi Beach
Lixouri 28200

Price (US$): $211 - $396 / night

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Location. Apollonion Resort & Spa is located near the beach in Lixouri and local attractions include Makris Yalos Beach. Regional points of interest also include Petani Beach. There are no room charges for children 12 years old and younger who occupy the same room as their parents or guardians, using existing bedding.  more »

GreecePoseidonion Grand Hotel 

Spetses Town 18050

Price (US$): $215 - $347 / night

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Location. Poseidonion Grand Hotel is located near the beach in Spetses Town and close to Bouboulina's Museum, Spetses Beach, and Nikolaos Monastery. Additional points of interest include Spetses Lighthouse. Hotel Features. Recreational amenities include a sauna, a fitness facility, and a steam room. The property's full service health spa has body treatments, facials, and beauty services. This 5 star property has a 24 hour business center and offers secretarial services, limo/town car service… more »

GreeceSentido Aegean Pearl 

End Of Beach Road To Perivolia
Rethimnon 74100

Price (US$): $187 - $188 / night

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Location. Sentido Aegean Pearl is located on the beach in Rethimnon, close to Kara Moussa Passa Mosque, Fortezza Castle, and Rethimnon Town Hall. Other points of interest near this luxury hotel include Rethimnon Lighthouse and Ecclesiastical Museum. Hotel Features. Sentido Aegean Pearl's restaurant serves breakfast and dinner. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available during limited hours. The hotel serves hot and cold buffet breakfasts each morning (surcharges apply).… more »

Browse more hotels in Greece »


Full name
Hellenic Republic

Southern Europe, bordering the Aegean Sea, Ionian Sea, and the Mediterranean Sea, between Albania and Turkey

Geographic coordinates

39 00 N, 22 00 E

Area comparative

slightly smaller than Alabama

Border countries

Albania 282 km, Bulgaria 494 km, Turkey 206 km, Macedonia 246 km


13,676 km


temperate; mild, wet winters; hot, dry summers


mostly mountains with ranges extending into the sea as peninsulas or chains of islands

Lowest point

Mediterranean Sea 0 m

Highest point

Mount Olympus 2,917 m

Natural resources

lignite, petroleum, iron ore, bauxite, lead, zinc, nickel, magnesite, marble, salt, hydropower potential


10,749,943 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

population Greek 93%, other (foreign citizens) 7% (2001 census)


Greek Orthodox 98%, Muslim 1.3%, other 0.7%


Greek 99% (official), other 1% (includes English and French)

Government type

parliamentary republic


1829 (from the Ottoman Empire)

National holiday

Independence Day, 25 March (1821)

Chief of state

President Karolos PAPOULIAS (since 12 March 2005)

Head of government

Prime Minister Georgios Andreas PAPANDREOU (since 6 October 2009)

Internet country code


Internet users

4.971 million (2009)


81 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Agioi Theodoroi, Aspropyrgos, Pachi, Piraeus, Thessaloniki

Other countries in the region