I dislike feeling at home when I am abroad.
— George Bernard Shaw, 1856 - 1950
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Germany

Background

Germany

As Europe's largest economy and second most populous nation (after Russia), Germany is a key member of the continent's economic, political, and defense organizations. European power struggles immersed Germany in two devastating World Wars in the first half of the 20th century and left the country occupied by the victorious Allied powers of the US, UK, France, and the Soviet Union in 1945. With the advent of the Cold War, two German states were formed in 1949 the western Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) and the eastern German Democratic Republic (GDR). The democratic FRG embedded itself in key Western economic and security organizations, the EC, which became the EU, and NATO, while the Communist GDR was on the front line of the Soviet-led Warsaw Pact. The decline of the USSR and the end of the Cold War allowed for German unification in 1990. Since then, Germany has expended considerable funds to bring Eastern productivity and wages up to Western standards. In January 1999, Germany and 10 other EU countries introduced a common European exchange currency, the euro. In January 2011, Germany assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2011-12 term.

About

Germany, (officially: the Federal Republic of Germany), (German: Bundesrepublik Deutschland) is the largest country in Central Europe. It is bordered to the north by Denmark, to the east by Poland and the Czech Republic, to the south by Austria and Switzerland, and to the west by France, Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands. Germany is a federation of 16 states, roughly corresponding to regions with their own distinct and unique cultures. Germany is one of the most influential nations in European culture, and its influence on world economy cannot be denied. Known around the world for its precision engineering and high-tech products, it is equally admired by visitors for its old-world charm and "Gemütlichkeit" (coziness), or guest-friendly-ness! If you have perceptions of Germany as simply homogeneous, it will surprise you with its many historical regions and much local diversity for its relatively small size.

Read more about Germany in our Germany travel guide »

Featured journals from

Germany

Nippon Express

by yossi

Well, it was bound to happen eventually. After years of thinking about it, months of planning, at least one failed attempt and several bumps in the road, I finally arrived to Japan.

Apr 2010 - Aug 2013  »  Israel | Hong Kong (S.A.R.) | Japan | Germany | United Kingdom

Is the idealism between work and life balance actually exist?

by estyindra

Euro Trip Trilogy - part 1 (Summer 2006), part 2 (Autumn 2012) and part 3 (Spring 2013)

Sep 2012 - Apr 2013  »  Netherlands | Indonesia | Germany | Switzerland | Belgium | Austria

Culet culet!!!!!

by Robert__Bcn

Un viaje a Japon

Mar 2013  »  Germany | Spain | Japan

Alberto's Holiday Diary: Bavaria (Bayern)

by albertoalbavaliente

This is my first trip to another country. I want to share my experience with you. I hope you like it.

Jun 2013 - Jul 2013  »  Germany | Spain | Austria

South American Sojourn

by LifeTrebled

Peru, Bolivia, Chile, Argentina, and Brazil in 35 days!

Aug 2014  »  Singapore | Germany | Brazil

Planning a trip to LEIPZIG

by anthonykingsley

How wrong could I be?

Feb 2017  »  Germany

(Mis)adventures in Jerusalem, 2.0

by ashantur

Hopefully nobody will notice the dumb American trailing after her father trying not to incite further tension among the terrorists and infidels.

Jun 2010  »  United States | Israel | Palestinian territories | Germany

2 month Tour de Europe under 3000 USD

by travelqueen168

travel and interning

Jun 2010 - Jul 2010  »  Germany | Italy

Gibraltar Holidays

by seanmiller

Gibraltar is approximately a 45 minutes drive from the Marbella area and it is well worth a visit

Jul 2010 - Sep 2010  »  Gibraltar | Spain | Netherlands | Germany

EUROPE 2011

by srh8911

May 2011  »  Ireland | United Kingdom | Germany

Summer 2017

by madjeanne

Headed North to cool down a bit.

Jul 2017 - Sep 2017  »  United States | United Kingdom | Norway | Svalbard and Jan Mayen | Sweden | Estonia | Russia | Finland | Germany | Netherlands | Belgium | Ireland | Iceland | Greenland | Canada

The Erwin family's Europe trip!

by ErwinEurope

London, England

Jul 2017 - Aug 2017  »  United Kingdom | France | Germany

Berlin with family and friends

by Simmo42

Celebrating a 50th birthday (not mine) and broadening the kids' minds with some European travel.

Feb 2017  »  Germany

Featured hotels in

Germany

GermanySwissotel Dresden Am Schloss 

Schlosstrasse 16
Dresden 01067
Germany

Price (US$): $124 - $327 / night

Check rates »

Location. Located in central Dresden, Swissotel Dresden Am Schloss is a business friendly hotel within walking distance of Dresden Castle, Theaterplatz, and New Market Square. Additional points of interest include Saxon State Chamber and Bruhl's Terrace. Hotel Features. Swissotel Dresden Am Schloss's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. The hotel also has a snack bar/deli and a coffee shop/café. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel… more »

GermanyHilton Dusseldorf 

Georg-Glock Strasse 20
Dusseldorf 40474
Germany

Price (US$): $187 - $449 / night

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Location. Near the airport, Hilton Dusseldorf is located in Dusseldorf's City North neighborhood and close to Museum Kunstpalast, Messe Dusseldorf, and City Hall. Additional points of interest include Rhine Tower and Der Neue Zollhoff. Hotel Features. Dining options at Hilton Dusseldorf include 2 restaurants. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include a health club and a sauna. The property's full service health spa has… more »

GermanyMaritim Hotel Schnitterhof Bad Sassendorf 

Salzstrasse 5
Bad Sassendorf 59505
Germany

Price (US$): $193 - $214 / night

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Location. Maritim Hotel Schnitterhof Bad Sassendorf is a business friendly hotel located in Bad Sassendorf. Hotel Features. Maritim Hotel Schnitterhof Bad Sassendorf features a restaurant and a bar/lounge. Room service is available during limited hours. Recreational amenities include an indoor pool, a sauna, and a fitness facility. The property's full service health spa has body treatments, facials, and beauty services. This 4.5 star property has a 24 hour business center and offers small… more »

GermanyHotel Zugbruecke Grenzau 

Brexbachstrasse 11-17
Hoehr-Grenzhausen 56203
Germany

Price (US$): $198 - $223 / night

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Location. Hotel Zugbruecke Grenzau is a business friendly hotel located in Hoehr Grenzhausen and attractions in the region include Deutsches Eck, Rhein Mosel Halle Congress Center, and Stolzenfels Castle. Hotel Features. Dining options at Hotel Zugbruecke Grenzau include a restaurant and a coffee shop/café. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available during limited hours. The hotel serves a complimentary breakfast. Recreational amenities include an indoor pool, a spa tub, a… more »

GermanyColumbia Hotel Wilhelmshaven 

Jadeallee 50
Wilhelmshaven 26382
Germany

Price (US$): $168 - $181 / night

Check rates »

Location. Columbia Hotel Wilhelmshaven is a business friendly hotel located in Wilhelmshaven's Jade Bay neighborhood. Hotel Features. Columbia Hotel Wilhelmshaven features a restaurant and a bar/lounge. Room service is available during limited hours. Recreational amenities include an indoor pool, a health club, a sauna, and a steam room. The property's full service health spa has massage/treatment rooms and beauty services. This 4.5 star property has a business center and offers small… more »

Browse more hotels in Germany »

Germany

Full name
Federal Republic of Germany
Capital
Berlin
Location

Central Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and the North Sea, between the Netherlands and Poland, south of Denmark

Geographic coordinates

51 00 N, 9 00 E

Area comparative

slightly smaller than Montana

Border countries

Austria 784 km, Belgium 167 km, Czech Republic 646 km, Denmark 68 km, France 451 km, Luxembourg 138 km, Netherlands 577 km, Poland 456 km, Switzerland 334 km

Coastline

2,389 km

Climate

temperate and marine; cool, cloudy, wet winters and summers; occasional warm mountain (foehn) wind

Terrain

lowlands in north, uplands in center, Bavarian Alps in south

Lowest point

Neuendorf bei Wilster -3.54 m

Highest point

Zugspitze 2,963 m

Natural resources

coal, lignite, natural gas, iron ore, copper, nickel, uranium, potash, salt, construction materials, timber, arable land

Population

82,282,988 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

German 91.5%, Turkish 2.4%, other 6.1% (made up largely of Greek, Italian, Polish, Russian, Serbo-Croatian, Spanish)

Religions

Protestant 34%, Roman Catholic 34%, Muslim 3.7%, unaffiliated or other 28.3%

Languages

German

Government type

federal republic

Independence

18 January 1871 (German Empire unification); divided into four zones of occupation (UK, US, USSR, and France) in 1945 following World War II; Federal Republic of Germany (FRG or West Germany) proclaimed 23 May 1949 and included the former UK, US, and French zones; German Democratic Republic (GDR or East Germany) proclaimed 7 October 1949 and included the former USSR zone; West Germany and East Germany unified 3 October 1990; all four powers formally relinquished rights 15 March 1991; notable earlier dates 10 August 843 (Eastern Francia established from the division of the Carolingian Empire); 2 February 962 (crowning of OTTO I, recognized as the first Holy Roman Emperor)

National holiday

Unity Day, 3 October (1990)

Chief of state

President Christian WULFF (since 30 June 2010)

Head of government

Chancellor Angela MERKEL (since 22 November 2005)

Internet country code

.de

Internet users

65.125 million (2009)

Airports

549 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Bremen, Bremerhaven, Duisburg, Hamburg, Karlsruhe, Lubeck, Neuss-Dusseldorf, Rostock, Wilhemshaven

Other countries in the region