They change their climate, not their soul, who rush across the sea.
— Horace, 65 - 8 B.C.
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EN

Germany

Background

Germany

As Europe's largest economy and second most populous nation (after Russia), Germany is a key member of the continent's economic, political, and defense organizations. European power struggles immersed Germany in two devastating World Wars in the first half of the 20th century and left the country occupied by the victorious Allied powers of the US, UK, France, and the Soviet Union in 1945. With the advent of the Cold War, two German states were formed in 1949 the western Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) and the eastern German Democratic Republic (GDR). The democratic FRG embedded itself in key Western economic and security organizations, the EC, which became the EU, and NATO, while the Communist GDR was on the front line of the Soviet-led Warsaw Pact. The decline of the USSR and the end of the Cold War allowed for German unification in 1990. Since then, Germany has expended considerable funds to bring Eastern productivity and wages up to Western standards. In January 1999, Germany and 10 other EU countries introduced a common European exchange currency, the euro. In January 2011, Germany assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2011-12 term.

About

Germany, (officially: the Federal Republic of Germany), (German: Bundesrepublik Deutschland) is the largest country in Central Europe. It is bordered to the north by Denmark, to the east by Poland and the Czech Republic, to the south by Austria and Switzerland, and to the west by France, Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands. Germany is a federation of 16 states, roughly corresponding to regions with their own distinct and unique cultures. Germany is one of the most influential nations in European culture, and its influence on world economy cannot be denied. Known around the world for its precision engineering and high-tech products, it is equally admired by visitors for its old-world charm and "Gemütlichkeit" (coziness), or guest-friendly-ness! If you have perceptions of Germany as simply homogeneous, it will surprise you with its many historical regions and much local diversity for its relatively small size.

Read more about Germany in our Germany travel guide »

Featured journals from

Germany

Nippon Express

by yossi

Well, it was bound to happen eventually. After years of thinking about it, months of planning, at least one failed attempt and several bumps in the road, I finally arrived to Japan.

Apr 2010 - Aug 2013  »  Israel | Hong Kong (S.A.R.) | Japan | Germany | United Kingdom

Is the idealism between work and life balance actually exist?

by estyindra

Euro Trip Trilogy - part 1 (Summer 2006), part 2 (Autumn 2012) and part 3 (Spring 2013)

Sep 2012 - Apr 2013  »  Netherlands | Indonesia | Germany | Switzerland | Belgium | Austria

Culet culet!!!!!

by Robert__Bcn

Un viaje a Japon

Mar 2013  »  Germany | Spain | Japan

Alberto's Holiday Diary: Bavaria (Bayern)

by albertoalbavaliente

This is my first trip to another country. I want to share my experience with you. I hope you like it.

Jun 2013 - Jul 2013  »  Germany | Spain | Austria

South American Sojourn

by LifeTrebled

Peru, Bolivia, Chile, Argentina, and Brazil in 35 days!

Aug 2014  »  Singapore | Germany | Brazil

Planning a trip to LEIPZIG

by anthonykingsley

How wrong could I be?

Feb 2017  »  Germany

(Mis)adventures in Jerusalem, 2.0

by ashantur

Hopefully nobody will notice the dumb American trailing after her father trying not to incite further tension among the terrorists and infidels.

Jun 2010  »  United States | Israel | Palestinian territories | Germany

2 month Tour de Europe under 3000 USD

by travelqueen168

travel and interning

Jun 2010 - Jul 2010  »  Germany | Italy

Gibraltar Holidays

by seanmiller

Gibraltar is approximately a 45 minutes drive from the Marbella area and it is well worth a visit

Jul 2010 - Sep 2010  »  Gibraltar | Spain | Netherlands | Germany

EUROPE 2011

by srh8911

May 2011  »  Ireland | United Kingdom | Germany

Summer 2017

by madjeanne

Headed North to cool down a bit.

Jul 2017 - Sep 2017  »  United States | United Kingdom | Norway | Svalbard and Jan Mayen | Sweden | Estonia | Russia | Finland | Germany | Netherlands | Belgium | Ireland | Iceland | Greenland | Canada

The Erwin family's Europe trip!

by ErwinEurope

London, England

Jul 2017 - Aug 2017  »  United Kingdom | France | Germany

Berlin with family and friends

by Simmo42

Celebrating a 50th birthday (not mine) and broadening the kids' minds with some European travel.

Feb 2017  »  Germany

Featured hotels in

Germany

GermanyIFA Graal-Muritz Hotel Spa & Tagungen 

Waldstrasse 1
Graal Mueritz 18181
Germany

Price (US$): $158 - $241 / night

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Location. IFA Graal Muritz Hotel Spa & Tagungen is located on the beach in Graal Mueritz and attractions in the region include Warnemunde Lighthouse, Warnemunde Beach, and Marienkirche. Other regional attractions include New Market and Town Hall. Hotel Features. IFA Graal Muritz Hotel Spa & Tagungen features a restaurant and a bar/lounge. Room service is available. The hotel serves a complimentary buffet breakfast each morning in the restaurant. Recreational amenities include an indoor pool,… more »

GermanyHotel Koenigshof 

Karlsplatz 25
Munich 80335
Germany

Price (US$): $541 - $1031 / night

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Location. Hotel Koenigshof is a business friendly hotel located in Munich's Munich City Centre neighborhood, close to Karlsplatz Stachus, New Town Hall Glockenspiel, and Town Hall of Marienplatz. Additional points of interest include Konigsplatz and Marienplatz. Hotel Features. Hotel Koenigshof's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves buffet breakfasts each morning in the restaurant… more »

GermanySheraton Frankfurt Airport Hotel & Conference Center 

Flughafen Terminal 1
Hugo-Eckener-Ring 15
Frankfurt 60549
Germany

Price (US$): $187 - $689 / night

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Location. Located in Frankfurt, Sheraton Frankfurt Airport Hotel & Conference Center is connected to the airport and close to Squaire and Lufthansa Flight Training Center. Other area points of interest include Frankfurt Trade Fair Grounds and Commerzbank Arena. Hotel Features. Dining options at Sheraton Frankfurt Airport Hotel & Conference Center include 2 restaurants. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves full breakfasts each morning in… more »

GermanySteigenberger Metropolitan 

Poststr. 6
Frankfurt 60329
Germany

Price (US$): $271 - $535 / night

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Location. Connected to the airport, Steigenberger Metropolitan is located in Frankfurt's Gutleutviertel neighborhood and close to English Theatre, European Central Bank, and Frankfurt Trade Fair Grounds. Additional points of interest include Stock Exchange and Romer. Hotel Features. Steigenberger Metropolitan features a restaurant and a bar/lounge. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves a complimentary hot and cold buffet breakfast. Recreational amenities include a sauna,… more »

GermanyRadisson Blu Resort, Rügen 

Vaschvitz 17
Trent 18569
Germany

Price (US$): $121 - $154 / night

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Location. Radisson Blu Resort, Rügen is located on the beach in Trent's Ruegen neighborhood and local attractions include Vorpommern Lagoon Area National Park. Regional points of interest also include Hiddensee Beach and Nonnewitz Beach. Hotel Features. Radisson Blu Resort, Rügen features a beach bar, a poolside bar, and a bar/lounge. Room service is available during limited hours. The hotel serves a complimentary hot and cold buffet breakfast each morning in the restaurant. Recreational… more »

Browse more hotels in Germany »

Germany

Full name
Federal Republic of Germany
Capital
Berlin
Location

Central Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and the North Sea, between the Netherlands and Poland, south of Denmark

Geographic coordinates

51 00 N, 9 00 E

Area comparative

slightly smaller than Montana

Border countries

Austria 784 km, Belgium 167 km, Czech Republic 646 km, Denmark 68 km, France 451 km, Luxembourg 138 km, Netherlands 577 km, Poland 456 km, Switzerland 334 km

Coastline

2,389 km

Climate

temperate and marine; cool, cloudy, wet winters and summers; occasional warm mountain (foehn) wind

Terrain

lowlands in north, uplands in center, Bavarian Alps in south

Lowest point

Neuendorf bei Wilster -3.54 m

Highest point

Zugspitze 2,963 m

Natural resources

coal, lignite, natural gas, iron ore, copper, nickel, uranium, potash, salt, construction materials, timber, arable land

Population

82,282,988 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

German 91.5%, Turkish 2.4%, other 6.1% (made up largely of Greek, Italian, Polish, Russian, Serbo-Croatian, Spanish)

Religions

Protestant 34%, Roman Catholic 34%, Muslim 3.7%, unaffiliated or other 28.3%

Languages

German

Government type

federal republic

Independence

18 January 1871 (German Empire unification); divided into four zones of occupation (UK, US, USSR, and France) in 1945 following World War II; Federal Republic of Germany (FRG or West Germany) proclaimed 23 May 1949 and included the former UK, US, and French zones; German Democratic Republic (GDR or East Germany) proclaimed 7 October 1949 and included the former USSR zone; West Germany and East Germany unified 3 October 1990; all four powers formally relinquished rights 15 March 1991; notable earlier dates 10 August 843 (Eastern Francia established from the division of the Carolingian Empire); 2 February 962 (crowning of OTTO I, recognized as the first Holy Roman Emperor)

National holiday

Unity Day, 3 October (1990)

Chief of state

President Christian WULFF (since 30 June 2010)

Head of government

Chancellor Angela MERKEL (since 22 November 2005)

Internet country code

.de

Internet users

65.125 million (2009)

Airports

549 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Bremen, Bremerhaven, Duisburg, Hamburg, Karlsruhe, Lubeck, Neuss-Dusseldorf, Rostock, Wilhemshaven

Other countries in the region