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French Guiana

Background

French Guiana

Although ultimately a victor in World Wars I and II, France suffered extensive losses in its empire, wealth, manpower, and rank as a dominant nation-state. Nevertheless, France today is one of the most modern countries in the world and is a leader among European nations. Since 1958, it has constructed a hybrid presidential-parliamentary governing system resistant to the instabilities experienced in earlier more purely parliamentary administrations. In recent years, its reconciliation and cooperation with Germany have proved central to the economic integration of Europe, including the introduction of a common exchange currency, the euro, in January 1999.

About

French Guiana, , (French: Guyane or Guyane française) is a French department in the Amazonia region of South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Brazil and Suriname. It is governed as an overseas province of France with same rights and privileges granted to all other French departments and benefits financially from the arrangement.

Read more about French Guiana in our French Guiana travel guide »

Featured journals from

French Guiana

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Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Falkland Islands, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, Venezuela

Featured hotels in

French Guiana

French GuianaHotel Mercure Kourou Ariatel 

Avenue de St Exupéry
Kourou 97310
French Guiana

Price (US$): $269 - $336 / night

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Location. Hotel Mercure Kourou Ariatel is a business friendly hotel located in Kourou and attractions in the region include Guiana Space Centre and Devil's Island. Hotel Features. Hotel Mercure Kourou Ariatel features a restaurant and a bar/lounge. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool and a fitness facility. Guest parking is complimentary. Additional property amenities include multilingual staff, gift shops/newsstands, and shopping on site. Guestrooms. 80 air conditioned guestrooms… more »

French GuianaNovotel Cayenne 

Chemin Hilaire Rue De Montabo
Cayenne 97300
French Guiana

Price (US$): $236 - $332 / night

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Location. Novotel Cayenne is a business friendly hotel located in Cayenne, close to Montjoly Beach and Place des Palmistes. Hotel Features. Novotel Cayenne features a restaurant and a bar/lounge. Recreational amenities include an outdoor pool. This 3 star property has a business center and offers secretarial services and audiovisual equipment. Additional property amenities include multilingual staff, computer rentals, and dry cleaning/laundry services. Guestrooms. 104 air conditioned… more »

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French Guiana

Full name
Guyane
Capital
Cayenne
Geographic coordinates

4 00 N, 53 00 W

Border countries

Brazil 673 km, Suriname 510 km

Climate

tropical; hot, humid; little seasonal temperature variation

Terrain

Low-lying coastal plains rising to hills and small mountains

Ethnic groups

Celtic and Latin with Teutonic, Slavic, North African, Indochinese, Basque minorities

Religions

Roman Catholic 83%-88%, Protestant 2%, Jewish 1%, Muslim 5%-10%, unaffiliated 4%

Languages

French (official) 100%, rapidly declining regional dialects and languages (Provencal, Breton, Alsatian, Corsican, Catalan, Basque, Flemish)

Government type

republic

Independence

no official date of independence 486 (Frankish tribes unified under Merovingian kingship); 10 August 843 (Western Francia established from the division of the Carolingian Empire); 14 July 1789 (French monarchy overthrown); 22 September 1792 (First French Republic founded); 4 October 1958 (Fifth French Republic established)

National holiday

Fete de la Federation, 14 July (1790); note - although often incorrectly referred to as Bastille Day, the celebration actually commemorates the holiday held on the first anniversary of the storming of the Bastille (on 14 July 1789) and the establishment of a constitutional monarchy; other names for the holiday are Fete Nationale (National Holiday) and quatorze juillet (14th of July)

Chief of state

President Nicolas SARKOZY (since 16 May 2007)

Head of government

Prime Minister Francois FILLON (since 17 May 2007)

Internet country code

.gf

Other countries in the region