Our deeds still travel with us from afar, and what we have been makes us what we are.
— George Eliot, 1819 - 1880
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Estonia

Background

Estonia

After centuries of Danish, Swedish, German, and Russian rule, Estonia attained independence in 1918. Forcibly incorporated into the USSR in 1940 - an action never recognized by the US - it regained its freedom in 1991 with the collapse of the Soviet Union. Since the last Russian troops left in 1994, Estonia has been free to promote economic and political ties with Western Europe. It joined both NATO and the EU in the spring of 2004.

About

Estonia is a Baltic state in Northern Europe. It has land borders with Latvia and Russia. With a coastline on the Baltic Sea and Gulf of Finland, Estonia also has sea borders with Finland and Sweden.

Read more about Estonia in our Estonia travel guide »

Featured journals from

Estonia

Summer 2017

by madjeanne

Headed North to cool down a bit.

Jul 2017 - Sep 2017  »  United States | United Kingdom | Norway | Svalbard and Jan Mayen | Sweden | Estonia | Russia | Finland | Germany | Netherlands | Belgium | Ireland | Iceland | Greenland | Canada

Featured hotels in

Estonia

EstoniaSwissotel Tallinn 

Tornimae 3
Tallinn 10145
Estonia

Price (US$): $154 - $450 / night

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Location. Swissotel Tallinn is a business friendly hotel located in central Tallinn, close to Estonian National Opera, Alexander Nevsky Cathedral, and Tallinn Cathedral. Additional points of interest include Town Hall Square and St. Nicholas' Church. Hotel Features. Swissotel Tallinn's restaurant serves lunch and dinner. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include an indoor pool, a health club, a spa tub, a sauna, and a steam room… more »

EstoniaHotel Telegraaf 

Vene 9
Tallinn 10123
Estonia

Price (US$): $240 - $241 / night

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Location. Located in central Tallinn, Hotel Telegraaf is near the airport and steps from St. Catherine's Passage, Tallinn Town Hall, and Town Hall Square. Nearby points of interest also include Tallinn Cathedral and Alexander Nevsky Cathedral. Hotel Features. Hotel Telegraaf's restaurant serves lunch and dinner. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves a complimentary full breakfast. Recreational amenities include an indoor pool, a health… more »

EstoniaSchlössle Hotel 

Puehavaimu Street 13/15
Tallinn 10123
Estonia

Price (US$): $228 - $247 / night

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Location. Located in central Tallinn, Schlössle Hotel is within walking distance of City Museum, Town Hall Square, and St. Olav's Church. Nearby points of interest also include Tallinn Cathedral and Alexander Nevsky Cathedral. Hotel Features. Schlössle Hotel's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves a complimentary hot and cold buffet breakfast each morning in the restaurant. Recreational… more »

EstoniaThe Three Sisters Hotel 

Pikk 71/Tolli 2
Tallinn 10133
Estonia

Price (US$): $335 - $360 / night

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Location. The Three Sisters Hotel is located in Tallinn's Old Town neighborhood, close to Great Coastal Gate, Tallinn Cathedral, and Alexander Nevsky Cathedral. Nearby points of interest also include St. Olav's Church and Town Hall Square. Hotel Features. Dining options at The Three Sisters Hotel include 2 restaurants. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel serves a complimentary breakfast. This 5 star property offers small meeting rooms,… more »

EstoniaSavoy Boutique Hotel 

Suur-karja 17/19
Tallinn 10148
Estonia

Price (US$): $154 - $155 / night

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Location. Located in central Tallinn, Savoy Boutique Hotel is near the airport and within walking distance of Tallinn Town Hall, Alexander Nevsky Cathedral, and Tallinn Cathedral. Nearby points of interest also include St. Nicholas' Church and Town Hall Square. Hotel Features. Savoy Boutique Hotel's restaurant serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner. The hotel also has a snack bar/deli and a coffee shop/café. A bar/lounge is open for drinks. Room service is available 24 hours a day. The hotel… more »

Browse more hotels in Estonia »

Estonia

Full name
Republic of Estonia
Capital
Tallinn
Location

Eastern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and Gulf of Finland, between Latvia and Russia

Geographic coordinates

59 00 N, 26 00 E

Area comparative

slightly smaller than New Hampshire and Vermont combined

Border countries

Latvia 343 km, Russia 290 km

Coastline

3,794 km

Climate

maritime; wet, moderate winters, cool summers

Terrain

marshy, lowlands; flat in the north, hilly in the south

Lowest point

Baltic Sea 0 m

Highest point

Suur Munamagi 318 m

Natural resources

oil shale, peat, rare earth elements, phosphorite, clay, limestone, sand, dolomite, arable land, sea mud

Population

1,291,170 (July 2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

Estonian 68.7%, Russian 25.6%, Ukrainian 2.1%, Belarusian 1.2%, Finn 0.8%, other 1.6% (2008 census)

Religions

Evangelical Lutheran 13.6%, Orthodox 12.8%, other Christian (including Methodist, Seventh-Day Adventist, Roman Catholic, Pentecostal) 1.4%, unaffiliated 34.1%, other and unspecified 32%, none 6.1% (2000 census)

Languages

Estonian (official) 67.3%, Russian 29.7%, other 2.3%, unknown 0.7% (2000 census)

Government type

parliamentary republic

Independence

20 August 1991 (from the Soviet Union)

National holiday

Independence Day, 24 February (1918); note - 24 February 1918 was the date Estonia declared its independence from Soviet Russia; 20 August 1991 was the date it declared its independence from the Soviet Union

Chief of state

President Toomas Hendrik ILVES (since 9 October 2006)

Head of government

Prime Minister Andrus ANSIP (since 12 April 2005)

Internet country code

.ee

Internet users

971,700 (2009)

Airports

19 (2010)

Ports and terminals

Kuivastu, Kunda, Muuga, Parnu Reid, Sillamae, Tallinn

Other countries in the region